Authorised form of nameShort; James (1710 - 1768)
Dates1710 - 1768
Place of birthEdinburgh, Scotland
Date of birth10 June 1710
Place of deathNewington Butts, London
Date of death14 June 1768
Research fieldOptics
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election24/03/1737
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Richard Sorrenson, 'Towards a History of the Royal Society in the Eighteenth Century' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 29-46
A A Mills and R Hall, 'The Production of a Plane Surface. As Illustrated by Specula From Some Early Newtonian Telescopes' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 147-166
Seymour L Chapin, 'Lalande and the Longitude: A Little Known London Voyage of 1763' in NR 1977-8 vol 32 pp 165-180
J R M Setchell, 'Further Information on the Telescopes of Hindley of York' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 189-192
J R M Setchell, 'The Friendship of John Smeaton, FRS, with Henry Hindley, Instrument and Clockmaker of York and the Development of Equatorial Mounting Telescopes' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 79-86
Sir Richard Woolley, 'Captain Cook and the Transit of Venus of 1769' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 19-32
D J Bryden, 'Note on a Further Portrait of James Short, FRS' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 109-112, plate
G L'E Turner, 'James Short, FRS, and his Contribution to the Construction of Reflecting Telescopes' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 91-108
G L'E Turner, 'A Portrait of James Short, FRS, Attributable to Benjamin Wilson, FRS' in NR 1967 vol 22 pp 105-112, plate
DSB gives place of death as Stoke Newington, Essex.
Royal Society codeNA7447
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1736/14Short, James: certificate of election to the Royal Society24 March 1737
L&P/1/320Letter, 'Astronomical observations in Jamaica' from James Short to Martin Folkes25 November 1744
L&P/1/216Paper, 'The transit of Mercury over the Sun on 25 October 1743, observed at MR G Graham's house in Fleet Street' by James Short1743
MM/10/146Receipt from James Short for instruments handed over by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to the Royal Society16 May 1762
RBO/21/13'The Improvement of the Sand-Glass for the True measuring of Time, in order to find the Longitude' by John Morgan and James Short1737
IM/004161Short, Jamesnd
L&P/2/192Paper, 'Remarkable appearance of the lunar spot Plato' by James Short22 April 1751
L&P/1/218Paper, 'Eclipse of the Moon on 22 October 1743' by James Short1743
L&P/2/347Paper, 'On the transit of Mercury 8 May 1753' by James Short1753
L&P/2/4/1Letter, 'Of an equatorial telescope' from James Short to Martin Folkes7 December 1749
L&P/2/12Letter, 'On the diameter of the Moon' from James Short to Martin Folkes21 December 1749
L&P/2/421Letter, 'Of an improvement in refracting telescopes' from John Dollond to James Short21 February 1753
L&P/2/4Paper, 'Of an equatorial telescope' by James Short7 December 1749
L&P/2/258Paper, 'Of Serson's horizontal top' by James Short 6 February 1752
L&P/2/382Paper, 'Astronomical observations - eclipses and occultations in 1753' by John Bevis and James Short1753
L&P/2/346Letter, 'Of Gascoigne's invention of the micrometer' from John Bevis to James Short10 May 1753
L&P/2/451Paper, 'An account of Savery's paper' by James Short1753
L&P/2/173Paper, 'The eclipse of the Moon of June 8 1750' by James Short and John Catlin 1750
L&P/2/308Letter, 'Of electricity from the clouds' from Pierre Charles Le Monnier to James Short14 June 1752
L&P/2/437Letter, 'A mistake in Euler's theorum for correcting aberration in object-glasses for refracting telescopes' from John Dollond to JamesShort1753
L&P/2/485Paper, 'On John Chevalier's astronomical observations at Lisbon 1753' by James Short 1754
L&P/2/319Letter, 'Of the invention of the compensating pendulum' from James Short to R Davell1752
L&P/2/323Letter, 'The making of objective glasses for refracting telescopes' from James Short to Peter Duvell20 November 1752
L&P/4/30Paper, 'Of the eclipse of the Moon of 22 Nov 1780' by James Short 1760
L&P/2/533Paper, 'An account of Jean Jacques Megard's two memoirs sent to the Royal Society on a telescope and on a microscope' by James Short1754
L&P/2/290Letter, 'Of his method of working specula for reflecting and refracting telescopes' from James Short to Mr Daval30 April 1752
L&P/3/117Letter, 'Of a meteoric shower of stones on 3 July 1753, near the village of Strkow' from Joseph Stepling to James Short15 April 1755
L&P/3/168Letter, 'An account of Dr Wark's paper on improving refracting telescopes, which had been referred him' from James Short to Thomas Birch20 May 1756
L&P/5/147Paper, 'Of a method of working the object-glasses of refracting telescopes' by James Short1769
L&P/5/9Paper, 'A note concerning the the cold of 1740 and of this year' by James Short and John Bevis3 February 1768
MOB/027Reflecting telescope by James Short1750s
L&P/2/246Paper, 'Eclipse of the Moon on 21 Nov 1751' by James Short1751
IM/004160Short, Jamesnd
L&P/2/5Paper, 'The eclipse of the moon on 11-12 Dec 1749' by John Bevis and James Short1749
L&P/5/1Letters, 'The approaching transit of Venus (includes copy of letter from the Empress Catherine to Count Orlow from Moscow)' from James Short to Matthew Maty14 January 1768
L&P/2/461Paper, 'Of the last transit of Mercury over the Sun; account of Barro's memoir read to the Paris Academy' by James Short1753
AB/1/2/1/51Mr [James] Short's Account3 June 1761
L&P/2/366Paper, 'Account of Melvill's views of the cause of the different refrangibility of the rays of light' by James Short1753
L&P/2/330Letter, 'On varied refrangibility and on telescopic object-glasses' from James Short and John Dollond9 April 1752
L&P/2/492Letter, 'A further explanation of a new instrument for measuing small angles' from John Dollond to James Short4 April 1754
L&P/2/375Letter, 'Of object-glassed for telescopes' from Leonhard Euler to James Short19 June 1752
L&P/2/397Paper, 'Account of an essay, 'Disquisitio mathematica in causam physicam figurae et magntiudinis telluris nostrae' [Mathematics inquiry into the physical shape of our planet and magnitudes] by Paolo Frisi' by James Short1753
CLP/8ii/50Paper, 'An observation of an eclipse of the Moon, made in Fleet Street London' by George Graham and James Short1736
L&P/2/449Letter, 'Concerning a paper by Servington Savery as to his invention of a new micrometer' from James Short to George Parker10 May 1753
L&P/3/115Letter, 'Of the change in the baths of Toplitz' from Joseph Stepling to James Short30 January 1756
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