Record

Authorised form of nameBrewster; Sir; David (1781 - 1868); natural philosopher
SurnameBrewster
ForenamesDavid
Dates1781 - 1868
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland (11 December 1781)
Death:
Allerby, Melrose (10 February 1868)
ActivityResearch Field:
Optics
Education:
Edinburgh University
Career:
Intended for the clergy, but gave it up; Editor, "Edinburgh magazine" (1802); Tutor (1801-1807); visited France and Switzerland (1814); invented the kaleidoscope (1816); recieved a pension after being knighted; Principal of St Salvators and St Leonards, St Andrews, Scotland (1838); Vice Chancellor, Edinburgh University (1859-1868); died of pneumonia
Honours:
Kt 1831
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
4/05/1815
Medals/Prizes:
Copley Medal 1815; Rumford Medal 1818; Royal Medal 1830
RelationshipsSon of James Brewster, Rector of the Grammar School, Jedburgh
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1868-1869 vol 17 pp lxix-lxxiv signed by J H G
References:
W H Brock, 'The Selection of the Authors of the Bridgewater Treatises' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 162-179
L Pearce Williams, 'The Royal Society and the Founding of the British Association for the Advancement of Science' in NR 1961 vol 16 pp 221-233
John R Levene, 'Sir George Biddell Airy, FRS (1801-1892) and the Discovery and Correction of Astigmatism' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 180-199
Alex D D Craik, 'James Ivory's last papers on the 'Figure of the Earth' (with biographical additions) in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 187-204
F Kurzer, 'The life and work of Charles Tomlinson FRS: A Career in Victorian Science and Technology' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 203-226
Notes:
DSB gives death place as Allerly, not Allerby, Melrose.
The spine of the volume in the Quiet Room is incorrectly labelled 1868-67
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/2774127
Royal Society codeNA7450
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/000551Brewster, Sir Davidnd
MM/10/176'Results respecting the Composition of Polar Light, and the lines in the Spectrum', by David Brewster15 January 1831
IM/000552Brewster, Sir Davidnd
MS/743/1/48Letter from David Brewster, St Andrews, to [John Hall] Gladstone 17 August 1860
MM/12/69Letter from David Brewster, St Andrews, to C R Weld20 December 1852
MM/10/174'General Results of Experiments on the Polarisation of Light', by David Brewster30 November 1829
MM/10/177'A notice of some experiments on light', by David Brewster1831
MM/10/175'On the Polarisation of Light by Metals', by David Brewster9 January 1830
AP/9/5Abstract of Experiments on Light23 January 1817
AP/8A/4New properties of Light possessed by the second surfaces of transparent bodies19 January 1815
MS/743/1/49Letter from David Brewster, Allerly by Melrose, to [John Hall] Gladstone3 October 1860
MS/743/1/38Letter from David Brewster, St Andrews, to [John Hall] Gladstone15 December 1859
MS/743/1/33Letter from David Brewster, St Leonard's College, to [John Hall] Gladstone21 February 1859
MS/743/1/40Letter from David Brewster, St Andrews, to [John Hall] Gladstone30 January 1860
MS/743/1/50Letter from David Brewster, Duncliffe, Edinburgh to [John Hall] Gladstone15 March 1861
MS/743/1/45Letter from David Brewster, View Bank, Trinity, Edinburgh, to [John Hall] Gladstone30 March 1860
MS/743/1/46Letter from David Brewster, View Bank, Trinity, to [John Hall] Gladstone17 May 1860
MS/743/1/41Letter from David Brewster, View Bank, Trinity, Edinburgh, to [John Hall] Gladstone7 March 1860
MS/743/1/53Letter from David Brewster, Allerly, Melrose, to [John Hall] Gladstone2 May 1862
MS/743/1/59Letter from David Brewster, Allerly, Melrose, to [John Hall] Gladstone25 April 1863
MS/743/1/64Letter from David Brewster, 24 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, to [John Hall] Gladstone27 January 1864
MS/743/1/173Copy letter from Thomas Colby to Robert Stevenson1 November 1821 [1860?]
IM/Maull/000553Brewster, Sir Davidnd
PT/73/5/4Drawings, optical effects observed during experiments on the heat treatment of glass, by [David Brewster] 1815
PT/73/5/5Drawings, optical effects observed during experiments on the heat treatment of glass, by [David Brewster] 1815
PT/73/5/3Drawings, optical effects observed during experiments on the heat treatment of glass, by [David Brewster] 1815
PT/73/5/6Drawings, optical effects observed during experiments on the heat treatment of glass, by [David Brewster] 1815
PT/73/5/11Drawings, optical effects in crystalline materials under pressure, by [David Brewster]1816
MDA/A/16/31Letter from David Christie Martin to Thomas Ralph Merton, The Royal Society 11 November 1954
MC/1Volume 1 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1800-1832
PT/73/5/10Drawings, optical effects in crystalline materials under pressure, by [David Brewster]1816
RR/4/20Referee's report by Humphrey Lloyd, on a paper 'On the lines of the solar spectrum' by David Brewster and John Hall Gladstone30 April 1860
RR/1/30Referee's report by Peter Mark Roget, on a paper 'On the anatomical and optical struc­ture of the crystalline lenses of animals, particularly that of the cod' by David Brewster4 July 1833
RR/1/33Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On a remarkable property of the diamond' by David Brewster20 March 1841
RR/1/31Referee's report by William Clift, on a paper 'On the anatomical and optical structure of the crystalline lenses of animals, particularly that of the cod' by David Brewster18 June 1833
NLB/62/462Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Assistant Secretary of the British Association17 February 1922
MS/427/111Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, Secretary of the Royal Society; to T. Usher Esq.17 June 1881
MS/426/45Copy letter from [John William] Lubbock, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Sir David Brewster11 March 1842
MS/426/39Copy letter from the Royal Society; to Sir David Brewster12 February 1842
MS/426/43Copy letter from [John William] Lubbock, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Sir David Brewster, St. Leonard's, St. Andrews5 March 1842
MS/426/144Copy letter from C R W [Charles Richard Weld], the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to A [Augustus] De Morgan Esq.20 September 1845
MS/426/433Copy letter from S [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr Lloyd; to [George Biddell] Airy; to Sir D [David] Brewster; to J [John Frederick William] Herschel; to Prof [James David] Forbes; W H [William Hallowes] Miller; Baden Powell; and Dr Thewell16 November 1850
MS/426/311Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir David Brewster7 February 1848
MS/426/40Copy letter from [John William] Lubbock, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Sir David Brewtser, St. Leonards, St. Andrews24 February 1842
MS/426/22Copy letter from [Peter Mark] Roget, Secretary of the Royal Society; to David Brewster, St. Leonards Street25 November 1841
MS/743/1/32Letter from David Brewster, St Leonard's College, St Andrews, to [John Hall] Gladstone 1 January 1859
EC/1815/15Brewster, Sir David: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/Maull/000550Brewster, Sir Davidnd
MS/743/1/52Letter from David Brewster, Allerly, Melrose, to [John Hall] Gladstone5 June 1861
MS/426/663Copy letter from B C [Benjamin Collins] Brodie; President of the Royal Society; to the Earl of Portsmouth [Isaac Newton Wallop]26 February 1859
RR/1bis/26Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on two papers, [attributed] 'On the calculation of attractions, and the figure of the earth' by Charles James Hargreave, and 'On the compensations of polarized light, with the description of a polarimeter for Measuring Degrees of Polarization' by David Brewster9 June 1841
MC/1/184Letter from [Sir David] Brewster, Allerby, Melrose, to the Royal Society19 December 1829
MC/1/185Letter from [Sir David] Brewster, Allerby, Melrose, to Captain Edward Sabine, Secretary of the Royal Society 27 December 1829
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