Record

Authorised form of nameChallis; James (1803 - 1882); astronomer
SurnameChallis
ForenamesJames
Dates1803 - 1882
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Braintree, Essex, England (12 December 1803)
Death:
Cambridge (03 December 1882)
Burial:
Mill Road cemetery, Cambridge
ActivityProfession:
Clergyman, Church of England
Research Field:
Astronomy
Education:
Trinity College, Cambridge. BA (1825, Senior Wrangler and Smith's Prizeman); MA
Career:
Fellow, Trinity College, Cambridge (1826-1831); ordained (1830); vicar of Papworth Everard (1830-1852); Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, University of Cambridge (1836-1852); Director, Cambridge University Observatory (1836-1861); observed Neptune before its official discovery in Berlin (1846); published works on astronomy, religion and education
Memberships:
FRAS
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
9/06/1848
Council:
VP 1851-1852
RelationshipsFourth son of John Challis; married (1831) daughter of Samuel Chandler of Tyringham, Buckinghamshire and widow of Daniel Copsey of Braintree
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
References:
David W Hughes, 'J C Adams, Cambridge and Neptune', review of H M Harrison, Voyager in Time and Space: The Life of John Couch Adams, Cambridge Astronomer in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 245-248
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/20432981
Royal Society codeNA7554
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1848/04Challis, James: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MM/14/79Note from JC Adams supporting James Challis's application for a Royal Society grant to enable Mr Edward Walker to publish his Adams Prize essay28 September 1865
MM/16/51Letter from James Challis, Cambridge, to C Taylor6 May 1879
MM/14/78Application from James Challis for a Royal Society grant to enable Edward Walker to publish his Cambridge University Adams Prize essay23 September 1865
IM/Maull/000785Challis, Jamesnd
RR/3/68Note by anonymous, on a paper 'On the problem of the three bodies' by James Challis1856
RR/3/252Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'Astronomical experiment on the peak of Teneriffe, carried out under the sanction of the lords commissioners of the admiralty' by Charles Piazzi Smyth20 October 1857
RR/3/5Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'Account of pendulum experiments undertaken in the Harton Colliery, for the purpose of determining the mean density of the earth' by George Biddell Airy26 February 1856
RR/3/4Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'Account of pendulum experiments undertaken in the Harton Colliery, for the purpose of determining the mean density of the earth' by George Biddell Airy18 February 1856
RR/3/67Letter from James Challis, on his paper 'On the problem of three bodies' to unknown refereeJuly 7 1856
RR/3/153Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the figure, dimensions, and mean specific gravity of the earth, as derived from the Ordnance trigonometrical survey of Great Britain and Ireland' by Colonel H James24 June 1856
RR/4/67Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the total solar eclipse of July 18th, 1860, observed at Rivabellosa, near Miranda de Ebro, in Spain' by Warren De La Rue[1862]
RR/4/168Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'Appendix to the account of the earthquake-wave experiments made at Holyhead' by Robert Mallet25 June 1862
RR/6/199Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the lunar-diurnal variation of the magnetic declination, with special regard to the moon's declination' in animal bodies' by G Neumayer15 May 1867
RR/7/488Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the variations of the daily range of atmospheric temperature as recorded at the Kew Observatory' by Balfour Stewart4 December 1876
RR/6/71Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the solar variations of magnetic declination at Bombay' by Charles Chambers18 February 1869
RR/2/137Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the mean temperature of the observatory at Highfield House, near Nottingham, from the year 1810 to 1850' by Edward Joseph Lowe27 October 1851
RR/3/152Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'On the deflection of the plumb-line at Arthur's seat, and the mean specific gravity of the earth' by Colonel H James7 April 1856
RR/4/166Referee's report by James Challis on a paper 'Account of experiments made at Holyhead (North Wales) to ascertain the transit-velocity of waves, analogous to earthquake waves, through the local rock formations' by Robert Mallet27 July 1861
MS/426/107Copy letter from [Charles Richard Weld] the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Mons. [Adolph Stephanus] Rueb, University, Utrecht [The Netherlands]13 November 1844
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