Record

Authorised form of nameTodd; Robert Bentley (1809 - 1860)
Dates1809 - 1860
NationalityBritish
Place of birthDublin, Ireland
Date of birth07 or 09 April 1809
Place of deathHis consulting room, Brook Street, London
Date of death30 January 1860
OccupationPhysician
ActivityEducation:
Trinity College, Dublin. BA (1829). Incorporated at Pembroke College, Oxford (1832). MA (1832); BM (1833); DM (1836)
Career:
Moved to London (1831); Lecturer, Aldersgate Street School of Medicine; Professor of Physiology and Anatomy, King's College, London (1836); had a leading role in founding King's College Hospital (1838) and was one of its first physicians, with an interest in neurological disorders, including epilepsy, where he is immortalised in the term 'Todds paralysis'; first to understasnd the neurophysiology of lead poisoning, and he separated locomotor ataxy from other spinal diseases; resigned as Professor (1853) and devoted himself to private practice
Developed an electrical theory of epilepsy which he presented in his Lumleian Lectures to the Royal College of Physicians in 1849. Influenced by Michael Faraday (1791-1867) whose electical studies led Todd to the theory that that the brain had battery-like electrical mechanisms of function.
Memberships:
LRCP (1833); FRCP (1837)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election08/02/1838
RelationshipsSon of Charles Hawkes Todd, surgeon
Published works'On the pathology and treatment of convulsive diseases' (Lumleian Lectures to the Royal College of Physicians) in London Medical Gazette, 1849 Volume 8 pp 661-671; 724-729; 766-771; 815-822; 837-846
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1860-1862 vol 11 pp xxxii-xxxiv
Notes:
BR gives birth date as 07 April 1809
Dr H Reyholds 'Todd, Huglings Jackson, and the electrical basis of epilepsy' in The Lancet, Volume 358, 18 August 2001 pp 575-577
JB Lyons 'Todd's Paralysis' in Koehler PJ, Bruyn GW, Pearce JMS editors of 'Neurological eponyms' Oxford University Press 2000
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/69712406
Royal Society codeNA7567
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MM/21/49Letter from Robert Bentley Todd to Thomas Bell21 December 1849
MC/4/46Letter from [Robert Bentley] Todd to Dr [Peter Mark] Roget, [Secretary of the Royal Society]7 December 1844
AP/31/4Unpublished paper, 'Contributions to the physiology of the alimentary canal' by William Brinton5 April 1848
IM/004619Todd, Robert Bentleynd
RR/1/113Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Researches on the function of the intercostal muscles and on the respiratory movements, with some remarks on muscular power, in man' by John Hutchinson18 July 1848
RR/1/116Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Researches on the function of the intercostal muscles and on the respiratory movements, with some remarks on muscular power, in man' by John Hutchinson2 August 1848
RR/1/230Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'On the supposed development of the animal tissues from cells' by James Stark3 July 1843
RR/1/263Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'On the development of striated muscular fibre' by Wilson Fox[c.1850]
RR/1/129Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'On the secretory apparatus of the liver' by Charles Handfield Jones22 May 1846
M/118Todd Medal of King's College, London
RR/1/126Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Microscopical examination of the contents the hepatic ducts, conclusions founded thereon as to the physiological signification of the cells hepatic parenchyma, and as to their anatomical relation to the radicles of the hepatic ducts' by Thomas Wharton Jones29 July 1848
RR/1/266Letter from Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Researches into the structure and development of a newly discovered parasitic animalcule of the human skin—the entozoon folliculorum' by William James Erasmus Wilson12 October 1843
RR/1/10Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Researches in embryology - Second series' by Martin Barry11 June 1839
EC/1838/12Todd, Robert Bentley: certificate of election to the Royal Society
S/0046Sculpture bust of Todd, Robert Bentley 1860
PT/26/8Paper, 'Of the ultimate distribution of the air passages and of the mode of formation of the air cells of the lungs' by William Addison16 February 1842
PT/28/6/5Plate, figures 11-19 of ovum-corpuscles and ova of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/6Plate, figures 20-23 of embryonic forms of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
RR/1/265Letter from Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Researches into the structure and development of a newly discovered parasitic animalcule of the human skin—the entozoon folliculorum' by William James Erasmus Wilson28 June 1843
PT/28/6/3Plate, figures 6-8 of groups of entozoon folliculorum in skin and hair follicles by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/7Plate, figures 24-29 of stages of growth of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/2Plate, figures 1-5 of long and short entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/4Plate, figures 9-10 of the head of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/12Plate, figure 42 of a perfect form of the short variety of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/8Plate, figures 30-32 of the young form of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/9Plate, figures 33-34 of the mature form of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/10Plate, figures 35-38 of the growth of the short variety of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/28/6/11Plate, figures 39-41 of young specimens of the short variety of the entozoon folliculorum by W Bagg and Erasmus Wilson[1843]
RR/1/18Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'On the nerves of the uterus' by Thomas Snow Beck 8 October 1845
PT/44/3Paper, 'An experimental inquiry undertaken with the view of ascertaining whether any, and what signs of current force are manifested during the organic process of secretion in living animals; continued' by H F [Henry Foster] Baxter[1852]
RR/2/243Referee's report by Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'On the functions of the membrana tympani, the ossicles and muscles of the tympanum, and of the eustachian tube in the human ear, with an account of the muscles of the eustachian tube and their action in different classes of animals' by Joseph Toynbee20 November 1850
MM/10/165Minutes of the Microscope Committeec.1843
MC/4Volume 4 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1844-1850
PT/28/6/1Manuscript, 'Researches into the structure and development of a newly discovered parasitic animalcule of the human skin - the entozoon folliculorum' by Erasmus Wilson[1843]
PT/24/2Paper, 'On the minute structure and movements of voluntary muscle' in a letter from Wm [William] Bowman to Robt [Robert] Bentley Todd18 June 1840
PT/28/6Paper, 'Researches into the structure and development of a newly discovered parasitic animalcule of the human skin - the entozoon folliculorum' by Erasmus Wilson[1843]
RR/1/112Letter from Robert Bentley Todd, on a paper 'Researches on the function of the intercostal muscles and on the respiratory movements, with some remarks on muscular power, in man' by John Hutchinson24 October 1848
AP/26/20Paper, 'Researches into the structure and development of a newly discovered parasitic animalcule of the human skin: the Entozoon folliculorum' by Erasmus Wilson1843
AP/31/4/1Unpublished manuscript, 'Contributions to the physiology of the alimentary canal' by William Brinton5 April 1848
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