Record

Authorised form of nameMercator; Nicolas (c 1620 - 1687)
Other forms of nameMercator, Nicolaus; Kauffman, Nicolaus; Kauffman, Niklaus
SurnameMercator
ForenamesNicolas
Datesc 1620 - 1687
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Eutin, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany (c 1620)
Death:
Versailles, France (January or February 1687)
ActivityResearch Field:
Mathematics, astronomy
Education:
Rostock; Mag Phil (1641); Leyden
Career:
Lived in the Netherlands (1642-1648); lectured at the University of Copenhagen (1648-1654); lived in Paris (1655-1657); Mathematics tutor to Joscelyne Percy, son of the 10th Earl of Northumberland, at Petworth, Sussex (1657); taught mathematics in London (1658-1682); designed a marine chronometer for Charles II; designed and constructed the fountains at Versailles (1682-1687)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
14/11/1666
Proposers:
Sir Robert Moray.
RelationshipsSon of Martinus Kauffman, a Lutheran pastor
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB (MP); DSB; Aubrey; Hunter
Authority:
First Altname from DNB (MP), second from Hunter, third from DSB
References:
Wilbur Applebaum, 'A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Nicolaus Mercator, FRS (1620-87), in Sheffield University Library' in NR 1986-87 vol 41 pp 27-37
G H Turnbull, 'Samuel Hartlib's Influence on the Early History of the Royal Society' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 101-130
Notes:
DSB gives birth date as c 1619. Possible death date of January 1687. Original nationality uncertain: possibly German or Dutch
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/49303208
Royal Society codeNA7751
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/M1/53Nicholas Mercator to Henry Oldenburg16 July 1668
RBO/7/101Five propositions concerning the quadrature of the circle by Nicholas Mercator1 March 1685
CLP/8i/21Paper, 'Hypothesis astronomica nova' [New astronomical hypothesis] by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/20aPaper, extract concerning the orbits of the planets by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/12Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/10Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/9Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/20a/1Paper, extract concerning the orbits of the planets by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/1Paper, 'Hypothesis astronomica nova' [New astronomical hypothesis] by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/20a/2Diagram, elliptical orbit of planets by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/6Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/5Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/8Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/11Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/7Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/4Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/8i/21/3Diagram, astronomical table by Nicolas Mercator1664
CLP/24/2Paper, 'Vera circuli et hyperbolae quadratura in propria sua proportionis specie inventa et demonstrata [The true way to make the circle and hyperbola square according to their proper proportion, discovered and demonstrated]' by James Gregoryc. 17th century
CLP/8i/21/2Diagram, elliptical orbit of planets and table by Nicolas Mercator1664
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