Record

Authorised form of nameBianchini; Francesco (1662 - 1729)
SurnameBianchini
ForenamesFrancesco
Dates1662 - 1729
NationalityItalian
Dates and placesBirth:
Verona, Italy (13 December 1662)
Death:
02 March 1729
ActivityProfession:
Roman Catholic Priest
Research Field:
Astronomy, antiquities
Education:
Jesuit College of S Luigi, Bologna (1673-1680); Padua (1680-1684); Rome
Career:
Went to Rome under the patronage of Cardinal Ottoboni (1684); employed in the Curia (1688); Custodian of the Ottobonian Library; Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Pope (Albani) (1699); Secretary of the Congregation for the Reform of the Calendar (1701); President of the Antiquities of Rome (1703); carried out the first systematic excavations on the Palatine Hill; Canon of Sta Maria Maggiore (1710); travelled to France to present Cardinal de Rohan with his cardinal's hat (1712); also travelled to Alsace, the Rhineland, the Netherlands and England (1713); inspired by the work of the Cassinis in France he began to calculate a meridian for Italy; died of dropsy, when he was found to be wearing a hair shirt
Memberships:
Academie Royale des Sciences (Corresponding 1699), (Foreign Associate 1706)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
29/01/1713
Proposers:
Sir Isaac Newton
RelationshipsSon of Giuseppe Bianchini and his wife, Cornelia Vailetti
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DBI; Jocher
References:
Marta Cavazza, 'The Institute of Science of Bologna and the Royal Society in the eighteenth century' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 3-25, plate
Sir Alan Cook, 'Our Foreign Correspondence' in NR 1999 vol 53 pp 179-182
A Rupert Hall, 'Further Newton Correspondence' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 7-34
A Cook, 'A Roman tercentenary' by A Cook in NR 2002 vol 56 p273
A Cook, 'The end of the affair. The correspondence of John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal, vol 3 (1703-1719) by E G Forbes, L Murdin and F Willmoth' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 113-116
A Cook, 'Rome and the Royal Society, 1660-1740' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 3-19
Royal Society codeNA7802
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/B3/5bObservations of Francesco Bianchini in a letter of William Derham to Thomas Dereham1728
RBO/14/68Observations by Monsignor Bianchini in a letter of William Derham to Sir Thomas Dereham1729
CLP/4i/81Paper, 'Concerning an aurora borealis observed by Signor Bianchini'25 January 1727
CLP/8ii/10Paper, observations of the eclipses of Jupiter's satellites during the years 1721 to 1728 by Bianchini at Rome 1728
CLP/22ii/34Paper, Account of Francis Bianchinus' 'Hesperi et Phosphori Nova Phaenomena... [New phenomena of Hesperus and Phosporus (Venus)] ' by John Hadley1730
CLP/8i/74Paper, F Bianchini's observations of the comet of November 1723 sent by J Baptista Carbone1724
EL/B3/5Observations of Francesco Bianchini in a letter of William Dereham to Thomas Dereham1728
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