Authorised form of nameMolyneux; Sir; Thomas (1661 - 1733)
Dates1661 - 1733
Place of birthDublin, Ireland
Date of birth14 April 1661
Date of death19 October 1733
Dates and placesBurial:
Armagh Cathedral, County Armagh
Research fieldMedicine; Zoology
Christ Church School, Dublin; Trinity College, Dublin; BA (1680), MA, MB (1683), MD (1687); Leyden (admitted 1683)
Travelled in England, Holland and France (1683-1687); first scientific article discussing 'the dissolution and swimming of heavy bodies in Mentruums far lighter than themselves' published in 'Nouvelles de la Republique des Lettres' (August 1684); returned to Ireland but fled to England and practised in Chester (1688-1690), and later in Dublin; MP in the Irish Parliament for Ratoath (1695-1699); Regius Professor of Physic, Dublin (1717-1733); Physician-General to the Army (Ireland) (1718-33); Physician to the State (1715-30)
Bt 1730
Fellow of the Irish College of Physicians (President 1702, 1709, 1713, 1720); Dublin Philosophical Society
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election03/11/1686
RelationshipsSon of Samuel Molyneux, Chief Engineer of Ireland, of Castle Dillon, Co Armagh, and his wife, Anne, daughter of William Dowdall of Mount Town, Co Meath; married Catherine, daughter of Ralph Howard, MD, of Shelton, Co Wicklow, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Roger Sotheby of Wicklow; brother of William Molyneux (FRS 1686); uncle of Samuel Molyneux (FRS 1712)
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Hunter; GEC Baronetage; Hoppen; Irish Innovators
K Theodore Hoppen, 'The Royal Society and Ireland. II' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 78-99
John H Appleby, 'Human Curiosities and the Royal Society, 1699-1751' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 13-27
H Gest, 'The Discovery of Microorganisms by Robert Hooke and Antoni von Leeuwenhoek, Fellows of the Royal Society' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 187-201
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA7851
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/M1/106Thomas Molyneux to St George Ashe, Bishop of Clogher1697
EL/M1/107Thomas Molyneux to St George Ashe, Bishop of Clogher1702
RBO/8/46Letter from Thomas Molyneux to Martin Lister containing some additional observations on the Giant's Causeway1698
EL/M1/104Letter from Thomas Molyneux, dated at Leyden16 March 1685
RBO/7/68Letter from Thomas Molyneux to the St George Ashe, Bishop of Clogher, concerning swarms of insects in the province of Connaught5 October 1697
CLP/14i/37Paper, 'Historicall account of the late generall coughs and colds, with some observations on other epidemick distempers' by Dr [Thomas] Molyneux[1694]
CLP/12i/50Paper, 'Some additional remarks on the extracting [of] the stone of the bladder out of those of the female sex' by Thomas Molyneux[1697]
CLP/14i/35Paper, 'Account of a stone of an extraordinary biggness spontaneously voided from the urethra by a woman in Dublin' by Dr Mollineux [Thomas Molyneux]July 1691
CLP/9i/63Paper, 'An account of a petrified honey-comb with some observations upon it' by Dr [Thomas?] Molyneux[1707]
RBO/7/111'Some Notes upon the foregoeing Account of the Giants Causway Serving to illustrate the Same' by Thomas Molyneux19 May 1694
CLP/13/9Paper, ['An essay concerning giants'] by Thomas Molyneux19 May 1699
RBO/8/47'Some Additional Remarks on the Extracting the Stone out of the Bladder of those of the female Sex' by Thomas Molyneux1697
CLP/15i/51Discourse on the large horns frequently found underground in Ireland believing that they belonged to the American deer called Moose by Thomas Molyneuxnd
CLP/12i/58Paper, 'A relation of the cutting of an ivory bodkin out of the bladder of a young woman' by Thomas Proby[1695]
LBO/9/47Copy letter from Francis Aston, Gresham College London, to Thomas Molineux [Molyneux]26 February 1683/1684
MS/390/93Bond of Thomas Molyneux to the Treasurer of the Royal Society17 November 1685
CLP/6/42Paper, account of dissolving bodies in menstrua by William Molyneux 1686
RBO/7/56'An Account of a not yet described 'Scolopendra Marina' by Thomas Molyneux' communicated by Mr Lockend
RBO/8/69Concerns cutting the ivory bodkin out of the bladder of a young woman in Dublin by Mr Proby, communicated to the Royal Society by Thomas Molyneux1695
RBO/9/53'Account of a cave near Dunmore' by Thomas Molyneux1706
CLP/9i/64Paper, 'A particular relation of certain mines and mineralls within the Kingdom of Ireland some being Mines Royall holding much silver and some poor lead mines with several coal-mines that John Powell have seen and made tryall of in that kingdom as followeth' by Dr [Thomas?] Molyneuxnd
EL/M1/103Letter from Thomas Molyneux, dated at Leyden13 February 1685
EL/M1/102Letter from Thomas Molyneux, dated at Leyden29 December 1684
EL/M1/105Thomas Molyneux, dated at Dublin, to Martin Lister25 March 1698
CLP/15i/52Account of a 'Scolopendra marina' by Thomas Molyneux communicated by Mr Lockend
CLP/9i/46Paper, 'An account of the Giant's Causeway in the north of Ireland' by Sam [Samuel] Foley19 May 1694
CLP/12i/50/1Manuscript, 'Some additional remarks on the extracting [of] the stone of the bladder out of those of the female sex' by Thomas Molyneux[1697]
CLP/12i/50/2Plate, bladder stone extracted from girl by unknown artist[1697]
CLP/14i/35/1Paper, 'Account of a stone of an extraordinary biggness spontaneously voided from the urethra by a woman in Dublin' by Dr Mollineux [Thomas Molyneux]July 1691
CLP/14i/35/2Drawing, bladder stone voided by woman by Dr Mollineux [Thomas Molyneux]July 1691
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