Authorised form of nameHoward; Henry (1628 - 1684); 6th Duke of Norfolk; nobleman
Dates1628 - 1684
Place of birthArundel House, Strand, London, England, Europe
Date of birth12 July 1628
Place of deathArundel House, Strand, London, England, Europe
Date of death11 January 1684
Dates and placesBurial:
Arundel, Sussex, England, Europe
University of Oxford (MA 1642; DCL 1668); Inner Temple (admitted 1662)
Travelled abroad (c1645-1655); went from Venice to Padua to meet John Evelyn (FRS 1663) (1645); Member of Lincoln's Inn (1661); High Steward of Guildford, Surrey (1663-1673); visited Vienna and Constantinople (1663-1665); at the suggestion of John Evelyn presented the Arundel Marbles to Oxford University (1667); Ambassador extraordinary to Morocco (1670); High Steward of the Honour of Peverell (1672)
Baron 1669; Earl of Norwich and Earl Marshal 1672
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election28/11/1666
Age at election38
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Council: 1666-1676
Other Royal Society activityAfter the Great Fire of London, Howard offered Arundel House to the Society for its meetings and additionally offered them the Arundel library; Acted as a correspondent to the Society, e.g. in establishing contacts abroad (1666)
RelationshipsParents: Henry Frederick Howard, 15th Earl of Arundel, and Elizabeth Stuart
Siblings: Thomas Howard, fifth Duke of Norfolk; succeeded his brother as 6th Duke of Nortfolk (1677); Charles Howard (FRS 1663); Edward Howard (FRS 1668)
Married: 1) Anne Somerset; 2) Jane Bickerton
Children: approximately ten, incl. Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk (FRS 1672); Lord Thomas Howard (FRS 1672)
General contextAfter the Restoration, Howard had to compound much of his grandfather's debt, which had been incurred during the Civil Wars and the Commonwealth for his royalist support. Towards the late 1670s and in particular after the Popish Plot, Howard lost much political influence and went abroad.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Foster; GEC; Hunter; ODNB
Linda Levy Peck, 'Uncovering the Arundel Library at the Royal Society: Changing Meanings of Science and the Fate of the Norfolk Donation' in NR 1998 vol 52 pp 3-24
Michael Hunter, 'A "College" for the Royal Society: The Abortive Plan of 1667-1668' in NR 1983-84 vol 38 pp 159-186
Michael Hunter, 'The Social Bias and Changing Fortunes of an Early Scientific Institution: An Analysis of the Membership of the Royal Society, 1660-1685' in NR 1976-7 vol 31 pp 9-114
E S de Beer, 'John Evelyn, FRS (1620-1706)' in NR 1960 vol 15 pp 231-238
C S S, 'The Society's Library' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 21-27
Howard was buried at Arundel but his heart was deposited in the convent of St Elizabeth at Bruges, Belgium. Styled Baron Howard of Castle Rising.
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA7982
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
DM/5/113A'Benefactors. Henry Duke of Norfolk, Anno , gave the Norfolk Library'17th century
DM/5/111aNote on the donation by Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk, of the Norfolk Library to the Royal Society17th-18th century
DM/5/115List of benefactors to the Royal Society17th-18th century
MS/390/47Bond of Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Norwich, to the Treasurer of the Royal Society30 November 1674
NLB/66/93Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Duke of Norfolk [Bernard Fitzalan-Howard]21 February 1924
DM/5/101A list of benefactors to the Museum, to the value of £5 or upwards at one time c.1737
IM/002269Howard, Henry, 6th Duke of Norfolk
EL/B1/7Letter, from William Brouncker to Lord Henry Howard, Ambassador Extraordinary to the Emperor of Morocco at Tangier10 May 1670
EL/O1/30Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Henry Howard27 July 1666
EL/H1/91Letter, from Henry Howard to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Florence13 July 1666
EL/H1/92Letter, from Henry Howard to William Brouncker, dated at Cadiz21 February 1669
EL/O1/24Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Henry Howard, dated at London10 May 1666
CLP/9i/32Paper, description of the diamond mines on the Coromandel Coast in India by Henry Howard[1667]
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