Record

Authorised form of nameAiry; Sir; George Biddell (1801 - 1892); astronomer and Mathematician
SurnameAiry
ForenamesGeorge Biddell
Dates1801 - 1892
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Alnwick, Northumberland, England (27 July 1801)
Death:
Greenwich, London (02 January 1892)
ActivityResearch Field:
Astronomy
Education:
MA
Career:
Astronomer Royal 1836-1892
Honours:
CB 1871; KCB 1872
Memberships:
FRAS; Institute of France (Corresponding)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
21/01/1836
Medals/Prizes:
Copley Medal 1831; Royal Medal 1845
Lectures:
Bakerian 1840
Council:
VP 1848-1849; PRS 1871-1873; VP 1873-1874
RelationshipsFather-in-law of Edward John Routh (FRS 1872)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1892 vol 51 pp i-xxi signed by E J R
References:
R K Bluhm, 'A Note on the Origin of the Society's Conversaziones' in NR 1958 vol 13 pp 61-63
John R Levene, 'Sir George Biddell Airy, FRS (1801-1892) and the Discovery and Correction of Astigmatism' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 180-199, plate
Otto Mayr, 'Victorian Physicists and Speed Regulation: An Encounter Between Science and Technology' in NR 1971 vol 26 pp 205-228
John R Levene, 'Sir G B Airy, FRS (1801-1892) and the Symptomatology of Migraine' in NR 1975-6 vol 30 pp 15-23
W H McCrea, 'The Royal Observatory and the Study of Gravitation' in NR 1975-6 vol 30 pp 133-140, plate
Charles H Cotter, 'The Royal Society and the Deviation of the Compass' in NR 1976-7 vol 31 pp 297-309
James Gabriel O'Hara, 'Gauss and the Royal Society: The Reception of His Ideas on Magnetism in Britain (1832-1842)' in NR 1983-84 vol 38 pp 17-78
Peter J Turvey, 'Sir John Herschel and the Abandonment of Charles Babbage's Difference Engine No. 1' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 165-176
Allan Chapman, 'George Biddell Airy, FRS (1801-1892): A Centenary Commemoration' in NR 1992 vol 46 pp 103-110, plate
Alex D D Craik, 'James Ivory, FRS, mathematician: "the most unlucky person that ever existed"' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 223-247
Alex D D Craik, 'James Ivory's last papers on the 'Figure of the Earth' (with biographical additions) in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 187-204
Vanity Fair 13 November 1875
M Croarken, 'Astronomical labourers: Maskelyne's assistants at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, 1765 - 1811' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 285 - 298
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/24591712
Royal Society codeNA8035
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MM/9/75Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper6 September 1852
MM/11/177ALetter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to Edward Sabine21 March 1842
AP/25/1Explanation of Construction of Instruments used for Meteorological Observations at Royal Observatory Greenwich from November 1840 to July 18411841
MM/9/58Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper8 May 1848
MM/11/176Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to E Sabine2 March 1842
MM/14/40Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to the Royal Society16 November 1842
MM/9/71Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper20 November 1850
IM/004260Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
MM/11/182Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to G B Airy11 May 1842
MM/12/117Letter from G B Airy, Playford near Ipswich, to Warren de la Rue15 June 1880
IM/000043Airy, Sir George BiddellMarch 2000
MM/9/56Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper29 November 1847
MM/9/68Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper12 September 1850
MM/9/61Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper19 May 1849
MM/9/54Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper4 August 1845
MM/9/66Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper31 May 1850
MM/9/52Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper3 February 1844
MM/9/53Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper27 February 1845
MM/9/63Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper29 May 1849
MM/9/74Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper16 April 1851
MM/9/64Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper20 November 1849
MM/9/60Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper19 May 1849
MM/11/186Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to J F W Herschel24 October 1849
MM/9/72Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper30 January 1851
MM/9/59Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper14 April 1849
MM/9/57Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper9 December 1847
MM/11/187Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to J F W Herschel26 October 1849
MM/12/125Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Warren de la Rue7 July 1880
MM/12/112Letter from David Gill, Cape Observatory, to G B Airy6 June 1880
MM/11/177Letter from Edward Sabine, 12 Park Place, to G B Airy7 March 1842
MM/12/104Copy of a letter from David Gill, Cape Observatory, to G B Airy18 May 1880
MM/11/162Letter from Humphrey Lloyd, Trinity College Dublin, to J F W Herschel11 January 1842
MM/10/167Receipt from Richard Harris for Standard Yard and Standard Troy Weight23 January 1843
MM/12/71Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Thomas Bell24 December 1852
MM/11/189Report of a subcommittee of the Physical Committee on the use to which the building 'formerly occupied by the Observatory at Kew' could be put, in case of its being offered to the Societyc.1840
MM/11/174Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to E Sabine19 February 1842
MM/11/178Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to G B Airy1 April 1842
MM/11/32Duplicate receipt for, and schedule of, the standard weights and measures, by Edward Sabine and C R Weld20 October 1853
MM/11/175Letter from Edward Sabine, 12 Park Place, to G B Airy23 February 1842
MM/12/102Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Warren de la Rue15 April 1880
MM/12/101Letter from Warren de la Rue, 73 Portland Place, to G B Airy14 April 1880
MM/12/103Copy of a letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to David Gill19 April 1880
MM/12/100Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Warren de la Rue13 April 1880
MM/11/168Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to J W Lubbock31 January 1842
MM/11/87Extract from the minutes of the Council of the Royal Society of 18 June 1840, calling for the establishment of a magnetical and meteorological observatory "in the neighbourhood of London", signed J W LubbockMarch 1845
MM/11/88"Extract from a note made by G B Airy immediately after the meeting of the Council of the Royal Society on July 9 or 10 1840"March 1845
MM/14/64Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Charles Wheatstone30 October 1849
MM/16/147Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Sir John Herschel12 November 1838
MM/16/148Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Sir John Herschel16 April 1839
MM/15/60Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to WR Birt9 September 1862
MM/15/62Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to WR Birt21 December 1865
MM/15/61Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to WR Birt27 September 1862
MM/16/46Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to TR Robinson28 April 1865
MM/17/26Letter from G B Airy to Walter White30 July 1866
MM/12/88Report of the Standards Office Committee, signed by G B Airy, AR Clarke and George Gabriel Stokesc.1882
MM/17/25Letter from G B Airy to Walter White31 October 1864
MM/9/65Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper29 May 1850
MM/19/103Letter from George Biddell Airy to Edward Sabine, Treasurer, Royal Society14 December 1852
MS/769/11Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Walter White21 August 1856
AP/35/2On the Extension of the values of Base of Napier's Logarithms; of the Napier Logarithms of 2, 3, 5 and 10; and of the Modulus of Briggs' or the Common System of Logarithms - all to 205 places of decimals1853
MS/769/7Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Walter White, Royal Society, Somerset House24 August 1853
MS/769/12Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Charles Richard Weld, Royal Society, Somerset House5 September 1856
MS/769/6Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Walter White, Royal Society, Somerset House24 August 1853
MS/769/5Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Charles Richard Weld, Royal Society, Somerset House13 August 1853
MS/769/10Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Walter White16 May 1854
MS/769/9Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Walter White, Royal Society, Somerset House13 September 1853
MS/769/15Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London, to Walter White24 December 1872
MS/769/8Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Charles Richard Weld or Walter White, Royal Society, Somerset House 6 September 1853
MS/769/13Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Charles Richard Weld16 February 1859
MS/769/14Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London, to Walter White22 April 1862
MS/769/16Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London, to Walter White27 February 1875
MM/22/51Receipt issued by George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to J P Maclear25 July 1876
MM/11/160Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to J F W Herschel25 December 1841
MM/11/163Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to J F W Herschel18 January 1842
IM/004264Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
AP/17/9On the method proposed by Professor Airy for expanding the disturbing function in his paper in 'Philosophical Transactions' for 1833November 1833
CMB/42/13/1Copy, letter from David Gill, Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope, to [Warren] de la Rue22 March 1880
CMB/42/13/3Copy, letter from Warren De la Rue, Portland Place, to Sir George Airy, Astronomer Royal, Royal Observatory Greenwich14 April 1880
CMB/42/13/2Copy, letter from [Sir George] Airy, Astronomer Royal, Greenwich Observatory, to Mr De La Rue, Portland Place13 April 1880
CMB/42/13/4Copy, letter from Copy, letter from [Sir George] Airy, Astronomer Royal, to Mr De La Rue, Portland Place15 April 1880
CMB/42/13Minutes, meeting of the Cape Telescope Committee9 June 1880
IM/Maull/000046Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
IM/000048Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
IM/004261Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
IM/004263Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
IM/000047Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
IM/000049Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
IM/004262Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
MS/744/1/2Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich , to Lt. Col. [Henry] James 26 April 1856
MM/12/81Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Thomas Bell30 April 1853
MS/744/1/3Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich to Sir Henry James8 January 1862
MS/123/22Letter from George Biddell Airy to the Duke of Sussex2 June 1835
MOB/063British Standard Pound1853
NLB/3/386Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir George Biddell Airy, Fellow of the Royal Society29 May 1889
NLB/5/414Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Carus-Wilson5 June 1891
NLB/5/1123Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Messrs Harrison & Sons6 January 1892
NLB/14/787Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to the Astronomer Royal [Sir George Biddell Airy]17 May 1897
RR/2/3Letter by George Peacock, accompanying his report on a paper 'On the eclipses of Agathocles, Thales and Xerxes' by George Biddell Airy10 February 1853
NLB/17/686Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Monsieur Professeur Ernest Lebon, Chez M Gauthier-Villars, Quai des Grands-Augustins, paris7 December 1898
RR/5/6Referee's report by James Clerk Maxwell, on a paper 'On the strains in the Interior of beams' by George Biddell Airy[1862]
RR/5/7Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the diurnal inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy[1863]
RR/2/1Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the secular variation of the moon's mean motion' by John Couch Adams23 June 1853
MM/10/164Report from the Anemometers (Improvements) Committee on Eiffe's, Molyneux's and Parkinson and Frondheim's proposed improvements in Chronometers1841
RR/6/8Referee's report by William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, on a paper 'Comparison of magnetic disturbances recorded by the self-registering magnetometers at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, with magnetic disturbances deduced from the corresponding terrestrial galvanic currents recorded by the self-registering galvanometers of the Royal Observatory' by George Biddell Airy8 May 1868
RR/3/5Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'Account of pendulum experiments undertaken in the Harton Colliery, for the purpose of determining the mean density of the earth' by George Biddell Airy26 February 1856
RR/4/26Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the bifalar magnetometer' by John Allan Broun25 April 1860
RR/1/3Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On an inequality of long period in the motions of the Earth and Venus' by George Biddell Airy[1832]
RR/3/4Referee's report by James Challis, on a paper 'Account of pendulum experiments undertaken in the Harton Colliery, for the purpose of determining the mean density of the earth' by George Biddell Airy18 February 1856
RR/2/4Referee's report by George Peacock, on a paper 'On the eclipses of Agathocles, Thales and Xerxes' by George Biddell Airy1853
RR/1/2Referee's report by William Whewell and John William Lubbock, on a paper 'On an inequality of long period in the motions of the Earth and Venus' by George Biddell Airy12 January 1832
RR/2/5Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on a paper 'On the computation of the effect of the attraction of mountain-masses, as disturbing the apparent astronomical latitude of stations in geodetic surveys' by George Biddell Airy30 January 1855
RR/3/7Referee's report by Edward Sabine, on a paper 'Account of the construction of the new national standard of length, and of its principal copies' by George Biddell Airy21 September 1857
RR/2/24Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Report of observations made upon the tidal streams of the English Channel and the German Ocean' by Frederick William Beechey24 March 1851
RR/3/8Referee's report by George Peacock, on a paper 'On the construction of the new national standard of length & its principal copies' by George Biddell Airy2 July 1857
RR/2/6Referee's report by William Hopkins, on a paper 'On the computation of the effect of the attraction of mountain-masses, as disturbing the apparent astronomical latitude of stations in geodetic surveys' by George Biddell Airy31 January 1855
RR/2/36Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Further experiments on light' by Henry Lord Brougham17 June 1852
RR/3/6Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on a paper 'Account of experiments undertaken in the Harton Colliery for the purpose of determining the mean density of the earth' by George Bissell Airy13 March 1856
RR/4/70Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the mathematical theory of sound' by S Earnshaw9 June 1860
RR/3/221Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the deflection of the plumb-line in India, caused by the attraction of the Himalaya mountains and of the elevated regions beyond; and its modification by the compensating effect of a deficiency of matter below the mountain mass' by John Henry Pratt21 December 1858
MM/10/7A satirical poster holding up to scorn some contemporary astronomers - notably G B Airy and Richard Sheepshanks1843
RR/3/151Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the deflection of the plumb-line at Arthur's seat, and the mean specific gravity of the earth' by Colonel H James20 March 1836
RR/2/193Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the attraction of the Himalaya Mountains, and of the elevated regions beyond them, upon the plumb-line in India' by John Henry Pratt26 December 1854
RR/5/8Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'First analysis of one hundred and seventy-seven magnetic storms, registered by the magnetic instruments in the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy[1864]
RR/2/262Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Researches on the tides.—fourteenth series. on the results of continued tide observations at several places on the british coasts' by William Whewell11 February 1850
RR/5/3Letter from George Biddel Airy, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'On the diurnal inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy16 June 1863
RR/5/4Letter from George Biddel Airy, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'On the strains in the Interior of beams' by George Biddell Airy22 February 1863
RR/4/2Referee's report by Archibald Smith, on a paper 'On the difference in the magnetic properties of hot-rolled and cold-rolled malleable iron, as regards the power of receiving and retaining induced magnetism of subpermanent character' by George Biddell Airy16 July 1862
RR/5/1Referee's report by William John Macquorn Rankine, on a paper 'On the strains in the Interior of beams' by George Biddell Airy26 January 1863
RR/4/82Letter from George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Reduction and discussion of the deviations of the compass observed on board of all the iron-built ships, and a selection of the wood-built steam-ships in Her Majesty's Navy, and the iron steam-ship 'Great Eastern'' by Frederick John Evans27 June 1860
RR/5/2Referee's report by Humphrey Lloyd, on a paper 'On the diurnal inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy10 June 1863
RR/4/83Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Reduction and discussion of the deviations of the compass observed on board of all the iron-built ships, and a selection of the wood-built steam-ships in Her Majesty's Navy, and the iron steam-ship 'Great Eastern'' by Frederick John Evans25 April 1860
RR/4/204Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the curvature of the Indian arc' by John Henry Pratt20 December 1859
RR/6/24Second referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the corrections of Bouvard’s elements of Jupiter and Saturn (Paris, 1821)' by Hugh Breen17 April 1869
RR/4/276Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On magnetic calms and earth-currents' by Charles Vincent Walker5 April 1862
RR/1/33Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On a remarkable property of the diamond' by David Brewster20 March 1841
RR/4/202Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the influence of the ocean on the plumb-line in India' by John Henry Pratt4 March 1859
RR/4/220Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the construction of specula of six-feet aperture; and a selection from the observations of nebulae made with them' by William Parsons, Lord Rosse20 September 1861
RR/4/206Second referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the Indian arc of meridian' by John Henry Pratt4 June 1861
RR/5/102Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the tides of the arctic seas. Part I. On the diurnal tides of Port Leopold, North Somerset' by Samuel Haughton27 February 1862
RR/4/205Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the Indian arc of meridian' by John Henry Pratt11 December 1860
RR/4/274Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On magnetic storms and earth-currents' by Charles Vincent Walker21 March 1861
RR/3/127Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the problem of three bodies' by Charles James Hargreave2 December 1858
RR/1/119Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the theory of the astronomical refractions' by James Ivory11 July 1838
RR/1/22Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Report of observations made upon the tides in the Irish Sea, and upon the great similarity of tidal phenomena of the Irish and English Channels, and the importance of extending the experiments round the Land's End and up the English Channel. Embodied in a letter to the hydrographer' by Frederick William Beechey29 February 1848
RR/1bis/7Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Tide observations at Otaheite, or Tahiti' by Edward Belcher7 March 1843
RR/1/84Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the comet of 1844-45' by John Collingwood Haile16 February 1846
RR/1/105Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the state of the interior of the earth' by William Hopkins19 April 1839
RR/5/213Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the exact form of waves near the surface of deep water' by William John Macquorn Rankine30 March 1863
RR/1/123Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On certain disturbances of the compass in iron ships' by Edward Johnson10 March 1848
RR/1/131Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Description of an escapement for an astronomical clock, invented by the late Captain Henry Kater' by Henry Kater and Edward Kater17 June 1840
RR/1/106Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the state of the interior of the earth' by William Hopkins22 April 1839
RR/6/35Second referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Discussion of tide observations at Bristol' by T G Bunt15 December 1866
RR/7/153Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on a paper 'Corrections to the computed lengths of waves of light published in the Philosophical Transactions of the year 1868' by George Biddell Airy23 January 1872
RR/6/25Letter from George Biddell Airy, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'On the corrections of Bouvard’s elements of Jupiter and Saturn (Paris, 1821)' by Hugh Breen9 June 1869
RR/6/34Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Discussion of tide observations at Bristol' by T G Bunt23 October 1866
RR/7/165Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics - part III' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy23 May 1872
RR/1/215Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the lunar atmospheric tide at St. Helena' by Edward Sabine3 March 1847
RR/1/216Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism - No. VII' by Edward Sabine1 June 1846
RR/6/142Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the tides of the Arctic Seas. - Part III. On the semidiurnal tides of Frederiksdal, near Cape Farewell, in Greenland' by Samuel Haughton9 May 1866
RR/6/151Second referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Further observations on the spectra of some the stars and nebulae, with an attempt to determine therefrom whether these bodies are moving towards or from the earth, also observations on the spectra of the sun and of comet II., 1868' by William Huggins18 July 1868
RR/7/48Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the constitution of the solid crust of the Earth' by Archdeacon John Henry Pratt27 December 1870
RR/1/213Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism - No. Vl' by Edward Sabine29 June 1843
RR/1/229Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Attempt to apply instrumental measurement to the zodiacal light' by Charles Piazzi Smyth19 June 1848
RR/7/33Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the theory of continuous beams' by John Mortimer Heppel9 March 1870
RR/6/238Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On waves in liquids' by William John Macquorn Rankine16 June 1868
RR/7/310Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'The uniform wave of oscillation' by John Imray1874-05-30
RR/6/277Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the communication of vibration from a vibrating body to a surrounding gas' by George Gabriel Stokes16 July 1868
RR/7/204Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism - No. XIII' by Edward Sabine2 July 1872
RR/7/152Referee's report by James Clerk Maxwell, on a paper 'Experiments on the directive power of large steel magnets, of bars of magnetized soft iron, and of galvanic coils, in their action on external small magnets. With appendix, containing an investigation of the attraction of a galvanic coil on a small magnetic mass' by George Biddell Airy17 May 1872
RR/7/230Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Results of the comparisons of the standards of length of England, Austria, Spain, United States, Cape of Good Hope, and of a second Russian standard, made at the Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton. With a preface and notes on the Greek and Egyptian measures of length by Sir Henry James' by Alexander Ross Clarke1 July 1873
RR/8/76Referee's report by John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, on a paper 'On the tides at Malta' by George Biddell Airy14 January 1878
RR/7/220Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin on a paper 'Magnetical observations in the Britannia and Conway tubular iron bridges' by George Biddell Airy21 April 1873
RR/7/221Referee's report by James Clerk Maxwell, on a paper 'Magnetical observations in the Britannia and Conway tubular iron bridges' by George Biddell Airy13 May 1873
RR/7/265Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Magnetic survey of Belgium in 1871' by Stephen Joseph Perry25 February 1873
RR/7/263Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the radiation of heat from the moon, the law of its absorption by our atmosphere, and of its variation in amount with her phases' by Laurence Parsons, Earl of Rosse29 May 1873
RR/7/267Letter from George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Magnetic survey of Belgium in 1871' by Stephen Joseph Perry3 March 1873
RR/8/162Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on an untraced paper 'Photographic record of the ultraviolet portion of the spectrum derived from the sun and certain stars' by William Huggins24 December 1879
RR/7/341Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism - No. XIV' by Edward Sabine9 July 1874
RR/7/476Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism - No. XV' by Edward Sabine19 October 1876
RR/7/432Referee's report by Maxwell Tylden Masters, on a paper 'On the leaf-arrangement of the crowberry (empetrum nigrum)' by Hubert Airy24 July 1876
RR/9/1Referee's report by Edward James Stone on a paper 'Monthly means of the highest and lowest diurnal tem­peratures of the water of the Thames, and comparison with the corresponding temperatures of the air at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich' by George Biddell Airy28 October 1882
RR/2/191Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Remarks on certain points in experiments on the diffraction of light' by Baden Powell5 April 1852
RR/6/7Referee's report by William Hallowes Miller, on a paper 'Computation of the lengths of the waves of light corresponding to the lines in the dispersion spectrum measured by Kirchhoff' by George Biddell Airy19 June 1867
RR/6/10Referee's report by Archibald Smith, on a paper 'On the diurnal and annual inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1858 to 1863; being a continuation of a communication on the diurnal inequalities from 1841 to 1857, printed in the Philosophical Transactions, 1863. With a note on the lunodiurnal and other lunar inequalities, as deduced from observations extending from 1848 to 1863' by George Biddell Airy14 April 1869
RR/6/272Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On uniform rotation' by Charles William Siemens29 May 1866
RR/8/181Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On some recent improvements made the mountings of the telescopes at Birr Castle' by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse27 November 1879
RR/1bis/13Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the steam-wave', by Thomas Boys9 May 1842
RR/1bis/36Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Observations on certain cases of elliptic polarization of light by reflexion' by Baden Powell7 March 1843
RR/5/5Referee's report by Archibald Smith, on a paper 'On the diurnal inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy20 December 1863
RR/1bis/27Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Researches in physical geology.—second series' by William Hopkins25 May 1840
RR/1bis/45Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism. — No. VIII' by Edward Sabine23 June 1846
RR/1bis/28Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper [attributed] 'On a cycle of eighteen years in the mean annual height of the barometer in the climate of London, and on a constant variation of the barometrical mean according to the Moon's declination' by Luke Howard16 February 1841
RR/1bis/33Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the influence of the moon on the atmospheric pressure, as deduced from the observations of the barometer made at the magnetic observatory at St. Helena' by John Henry Lefroy29 October 1842
RR/1bis/44Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Contributions to terrestrial magnetism.—No. IV' by Edward Sabine26 May 1843
RR/1/214Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the diurnal variation of the magnetic declination at St. Helena' by Edward Sabine3 March 1847
RR/1/108Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the state of the interior of the earth' by William Hopkins11 August 1839
RR/1/191Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the construction and use of single achromatic eye-pieces, and their superiority to the double eye-piece of Huyghens' by Joseph Bancroft Reade25 February 1840
RR/3/1Referee's report by Humphrey Lloyd, on a paper 'Discussion of the observed deviations of the compass in several ships, wood-built and iron-built: with a general table for facilitating the examination of compass-deviations' by George Biddell Airy29 October 1855
RR/3/254Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Astronomical experiment on the peak of Teneriffe, carried out under the sanction of the lords commissioners of the admiralty' by Charles Piazzi Smyth2 February 1858
RR/4/1Referee's report by Charles Wheatstone, on a paper 'On the difference in the magnetic properties of hot-rolled and cold-rolled malleable iron, as regards the power of receiving and retaining induced magnetism of subpermanent character' by George Biddell Airy27 June 1862
RR/7/3Referee's report by Charles Wheatstone, on a paper 'Note on an extension of the comparison of magnetic disturbances with magnetic effects inferred from observed terrestrial galvanic currents; and discussion of the magnetic effects inferred from galvanic currents on days of tranquil magnetism' by George Biddell Airy21 April 1870
NLB/67/686Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Mrs G. B. Pocock14 February 1925
RR/7/178Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the present amount of westerly magnetic declination [variation of the compass] on the coast of Great Britain, and its annual changes' by Frederick John Owen Evans2 July 1872
RR/7/379Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on two papers 'On the tides of the Arctic Seas. - Part IV. On the tides of Northumberland sound, at the Northern outlet Wellington channel' and 'On the tides of the arctic seas. - Part V. On the tides of refuge cove, wellington channel' by Samuel Haughton16 June 1875
RR/7/154Referee's report by William Hallowes Miller, on a paper 'Corrections to the computed lengths of waves of light published in the Philosophical Transactions of the year 1868' by George Biddell Airy26 January 1872
RR/6/23Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the corrections of Bouvard’s elements of Jupiter and Saturn (Paris, 1821)' by Hugh Breen23 March 1869
RR/1bis/30Second referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on two papers 'On a cycle of eighteen years in the mean annual height of the barometer in the climate of London, and on a constant variation of the barometrical mean according to the Moon's declination' and 'On tho proportions of the prevailing winds, the mean temperature, and depth of rain in the climate of London, computed through a cycle of Eighteen Years, or periods of the Moon’s declination' by Luke Howard2 July 1841
NLB/67/648Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Mrs G. B. Pocock; Parkhill Studios, Haverstock Hill, N.W.3.6 February 1925
MS/426/323Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [George Biddell] Airy4 May 1848
MS/427/354Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, President of the Royal Society; to the Secretary of the Admiralty29 March 1884
MS/427/425Copy letter from [Michael] Foster, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir. George Airy6 May 1885
MS/426/640Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [George Biddell] Airy Esq13 July 1858
MS/427/110Copy letter from [Thomas Henry] Huxley, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary of the H. M. Treasury17 June 1881
MS/426/103Copy letter from [Charles Richard Weld] the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [George Biddell] Airy Esq., Greenwich4 November 1844
MS/426/167Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Thos [Thomas] Wyon Esq.3 December 1845
MS/426/293Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir John [Frederick William] Herschel; to G B [George Biddell] Airy Esq; to Sir B [Benjamin Collins] Brodie; to Leonard Horner1 November 1847
MS/426/397Copy letter from Thos [Thomas] Bell, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Edward] Cooper, Esq30 November 1849
MS/426/385Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Edward [Joshua] Cooper Esq15 June 1849
MS/426/451Note of a letter from [the Secretaries of] the Royal Society; to various individuals20 June 1851
MS/426/433Copy letter from S [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr Lloyd; to [George Biddell] Airy; to Sir D [David] Brewster; to J [John Frederick William] Herschel; to Prof [James David] Forbes; W H [William Hallowes] Miller; Baden Powell; and Dr Thewell16 November 1850
MS/426/69Copy letter from [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [George Biddel] Airy, Esq, Astronomer Royal, Royal Observatory, Greenwich19 January 1843
MS/426/75Copy letter from [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [George Biddell] Airy, Esq., [Astronomer Royal], Royal Observatory, Greenwich.20 October 1843
MS/426/44Copy letter from [John William] Lubbock, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to the Earl of Lincoln [Henry Pelham-Clinton], 172 Whitehall Place11 March 1842
MOB/062British Standard Yard1853
MM/11/145Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich Observatory, to Lord Northampton28 June 1840
MM/9/69Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper17 September 1850
MS/743/1/47Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London, to John Hall Gladstone23 May 1860
MM/10/87Copy of a letter from G B Airy, Carlisle, to Sir Edward Sabine3 October 1870
P/0169Portrait of Airy, Sir George
MM/9/67Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper13 July 1850
MM/9/51Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper12 February 1842
MM/9/73Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper4 March 1851
MM/9/70Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper14 October 1850
MM/11/31Notes by Edward Sabine and C R Weld on the standard weights and measures20 October 1853
MM/19/108Letter from George Biddell Airy to Edward Sabine12 April 1853
AP/20/8Report upon a letter addressed by the Baron de Humboldt to HRH the President of the Royal Society and communicated by HRH to the Council9 June 1836
IM/004654Airy, Sir George Biddell2000
IM/000045Airy, Sir George Biddellnd
PT/54/5/2Drawing, Shelton pendulum clock and experimental apparatus, by [George Biddell Airy]1855
PT/54/5/1Paper, 'Account of pendulum experiments undertaken in the Harton Colliery, for the purpose of determining the mean density of the Earth', by George Biddell Airy 1855
PT/54/5/3Drawing, map of County Durham, England, by [George Biddell Airy]1855
RR/2/205Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the theory of waves' by Andrew John Robertson15 February 1853
RR/2/206Referee's report by William Henry Smyth, on a paper 'On the eclipses of Agathocles, Thales and Xerxes' by George Biddell Airy26 February 1853
RR/3/220Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the effect of local attraction upon the plumb-line at stations on the English Arc of the Meridian, between Dunnose and Burleigh Moor; and a method computing its amount' by John Henry Pratt18 October 1855
RR/5/109Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the Tides of the Arctic Seas.— Part II. The semidiurnal Tides of port leopold, North Somerset' by Samuel Haughton19 December 1862
RR/4/244Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the effect produced on the deviations of the compass by the length and arrangement of the compass-needles; and on a new mode of correcting the quadrantal deviation' by Archibald Smith and Frederick John Owen Evans17 May 1861
RR/1/120Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Of such ellipsoids, consisting of homogeneous matter, as are capable of having the resultant of the attraction of the mass upon a particle in the surface, and a centrifugal force caused by re­volving about one of the axes, made perpendicular to the surface' by James Ivory10 February 1838
RR/6/9Referee's report by Charles Wheatstone, on a paper 'Comparison of magnetic disturbances recorded by the self-registering magnetometers at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, with magnetic disturbances deduced from the corresponding terrestrial galvanic currents recorded by the self-registering galvanometers of the Royal Observatory' by George Biddell Airy7 June 1868
RR/6/12Second referee's report by Archibald Smith, on a paper 'On the diurnal and annual inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1858 to 1863; being a continuation of a communication on the diurnal inequalities from 1841 to 1857, printed in the Philosophical Transactions, 1863. With a note on the lunodiurnal and other lunar inequalities, as deduced from observations extending from 1848 to 1863' by George Biddell Airy19 May 1869
RR/7/1Letter from George Biddell Airy, on his paper 'Note on an extension of the comparison of magnetic disturbances with magnetic effects inferred from observed terrestrial galvanic currents; and discussion of the magnetic effects inferred from galvanic currents on days of tranquil magnetism' to the Secretary of the Royal Society7 February 1870
RR/7/2Referee's report by Archibald Smith, on a paper 'Note on an extension of the comparison of magnetic disturbances with magnetic effects inferred from observed terrestrial galvanic currents; and discussion of the magnetic effects inferred from galvanic currents on days of tranquil magnetism' by George Biddell Airy24 March 1870
RR/8/24Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the tides of the Arctic Seas. Part VII. Tides of port Kennedy, in Bellot Strait. (Final discussion.)' by Samuel Haughton24 March 1877
RR/6/78Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Abstract of the results of the comparisons of the standards of length of England, France, Belgium, Prussia, Russia, India, Australia, made at the ordnance Survey Office, Southampton' by Henry James and Alexander Ross Clarke13 February 1867
RR/6/150Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'Further observations on the spectra of some the stars and nebulae, with an attempt to determine therefrom whether these bodies are moving towards or from the earth, also observations on the spectra of the sun and of comet II., 1868' by William Huggins18 July 1868
RR/1bis/25Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper [attributed] 'On the calculation of attractions, and the figure of the earth' by Charles James Hargreave24 March 1841
RR/3/3Referee's report by George Peacock, on a paper 'Discussion of the observed deviations of the compass in several ships, wood-built and iron-built: with a general Table for facilitating the examination of compass-deviations' by George Biddell Airy1855
RR/3/2Referee's report by Humphrey Lloyd, on a paper 'Discussion of the observed deviations of the compass in several ships, wood-built and iron-built: with a general table for facilitating the examination of compass-deviations' by George Biddell Airy16 July 1855
RR/7/151Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'Experiments on the directive power of large steel magnets, of bars of magnetized soft iron, and of galvanic coils, in their action on external small magnets. With appendix, containing an investigation of the attraction of a galvanic coil on a small magnetic mass' by George Biddell Airy10 May 1872
RR/5/205Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the degree of uncertainty which local attraction, if not allowed for, occasions in the map of a country, and in the mean figure of the Earth as determined by geodesy: a method of obtaining the mean figure free from ambiguity, from a comparison of the Anglo-Gallic, Russian, and Indian arcs: and speculations on the constitution of the Earth’s crust' by John Henry Pratt8 April 1864
MM/9/62Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper25 May 1849
MM/9/55Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, Greenwich, to Edward Cooper23 December 1845
VF/01"Astronomy"13 November 1875
RR/6/11Referee's report by William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, on a paper 'On the diurnal and annual inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1858 to 1863; being a continuation of a communication on the diurnal inequalities from 1841 to 1857, printed in the Philosophical Transactions, 1863. With a note on the lunodiurnal and other lunar inequalities, as deduced from observations extending from 1848 to 1863' by George Biddell Airy30 March 1869
RR/6/13Letter from George Biddell Airy, to George Gabriel Stokes, regarding a paper 'On the diurnal and annual inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1858 to 1863; being a continuation of a communication on the diurnal inequalities from 1841 to 1857, printed in the Philosophical Transactions, 1863. With a note on the lunodiurnal and other lunar inequalities, as deduced from observations extending from 1848 to 1863' by George Biddell Airy6 May 1869
RR/1bis/26Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on two papers, [attributed] 'On the calculation of attractions, and the figure of the earth' by Charles James Hargreave, and 'On the compensations of polarized light, with the description of a polarimeter for Measuring Degrees of Polarization' by David Brewster9 June 1841
EC/1836/01Airy, Sir George Biddell: certificate of election to the Royal Society
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