Record

Authorised form of nameAyrton; William Edward (1847 - 1908)
SurnameAyrton
ForenamesWilliam Edward
Dates1847 - 1908
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
London, England (14 September 1847)
Death:
His House, 41 Norfolk Square, London (08 November 1908)
Burial Place:
Brompton Cemetery, London
ActivityProfession:
Electrical engineer
Education:
University College School; University College, London. BA (1867)
Career:
Worked for the Indian Telegraphic Service (1868-1873); Professor of Physics and Telegraphy, Imperial College of Engineering, Tokyo, Japan (1873-1878); undertook researches with John Perry (FRS 1885); Professor, City and Guilds of London Institute (1879); Professor, Centreal Technical College, South Kensington (1884-1908); Chairman, Editing Committee, Council of the Society of Telegraph Engineers
Memberships:
AICE
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
2/06/1881
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1901
RelationshipsSon of Edward Nugent Ayrton, Barrister. Married: 1) Matilda Chaplin MD, his cousin; 2) (1885) Sarah (Hertha) Marks, daughter of Levi and Alice Marks. She received the Hughes Medal (1906) and was the only contemporary woman member of the Institute of Civil Engineers
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc Series A 1911 vol 85 pp i-viii signed by J P
References:
Joan Mason, 'Hertha Ayrton (1854-1923) and the Admission of Women to the Royal Society of London' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 201-220
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/8171259
Royal Society codeNA8037
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1881/08Ayrton, William Edward: certificate of election to the Royal Society
AP/72/2Appendices by Leake and Whitehead to Measurement of High Potential Difference (by H C Leake, R Leventhorpe & C S Whitehead)1895
NLB/20/47Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor George Carey Foster, Fellow of the Royal Society20 January 1900
NLB/23/2/301Copy letter sent from Joseph Larmor, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society11 February 1903
NLB/7/566Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton15 March 1893
NLB/4/1194Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton10 February 1891
NLB/2/77Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh6 January 1888
NLB/4/837Copy letter from Michael Foster, to the Clerk, Christ's Hospital, E.C.7 November 1890
NLB/4/241Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society22 March 1890
NLB/4/632Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe, Professor William Edward Ayrton, Charles Baron Clarke, William Henry Mahoney Christie, Dr Hugo Muller, Dr Armstrong, and Professor Joseph John Thomson.25 July 1890
NLB/4/763Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society17 October 1890
NLB/4/755Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society17 October 1890
NLB/3/352Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society17 May 1889
NLB/4/1139Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society, Hornbury Crescent, W.28 January 1891
NLB/3/513Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society1 July 1889
NLB/4/1084Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society16 January 1891
NLB/4/1117Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton21 January 1891
NLB/6/601Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt]9 June 1892
NLB/3/775Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society7 October 1889
NLB/5/958Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Messrs West, Newman & Company24 November 1891
NLB/6/667Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton23 June 1892
NLB/6/714Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton1 July 1892
NLB/5/15Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society, 7 Horbury Crescent, Notting Hill, W.18 February 1891
NLB/5/197Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Messrs Harrison & Sons, St Martins Lane11 April 1891
NLB/6/1112Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society25 October 1892
NLB/5/134Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to [John William Strutt] Lord Rayleigh, [Royal Society]2 April 1891
NLB/5/424Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Hopkinson6 June 1891
NLB/5/199Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society11 April 1891
NLB/5/769Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to [John William Strutt] Lord Rayleigh, [Royal Society]7 October 1891
NLB/6/912Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt]10 September 1892
NLB/5/386Copy letter from Michael Foster, to Sir Frederick Abel, Secretary, Imperial Institute2 June 1891
NLB/5/373Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to [John William Strutt] Lord Rayleigh, [Royal Society]30 May 1891
NLB/7/615Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society23 March 1893
NLB/7/281Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Lord Kelvin [William Thomson], Fellow of the Royal Society11 January 1893
NLB/5/606Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Michael Foster, [Royal Society]22 July 1891
NLB/5/604Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to James Thomson Bottomley, Fellow of the Royal Society22 July 1891
NLB/7/524Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society7 March 1893
NLB/5/744Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]3 October 1891
NLB/5/773Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]8 October 1891
NLB/5/925Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society17 November 1891
NLB/5/961Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society23 November 1891
NLB/5/949Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society23 November 1891
NLB/5/1023Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society10 December 1891
NLB/7/635Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society27 March 1893
NLB/5/1082Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society1 January 1892
NLB/15/41Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society11 June 1897
NLB/12/504Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mr Collings2 March 1896
NLB/9/138Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to R L Franks, Clerk of Christ's Hospital, E.C.5 April 1894
NLB/22/425Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor [William Edward] Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society14 May 1901
NLB/9/278Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society24 April 1894
NLB/11/122Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society, 41 Kensington Park Gardens, W.25 April 1895
NLB/12/541Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Mr Collings11 March 1896
NLB/9/508Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society29 May 1894
NLB/13/42Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Richard Tetley Glazebrook, Fellow of the Royal Society1 June 1896
NLB/12/166Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt], Secretary, Royal Society23 December 1895
NLB/13/826Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society4 December 1896
NLB/12/53Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society29 November 1895
NLB/14/790Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to J Hookey, Telegraph Department, Post Office17 May 1897
NLB/14/874Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]31 May 1897
NLB/14/781Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to William Henry Preece, Fellow of the Royal Society14 May 1897
NLB/15/405Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society23 September 1897
NLB/22/652Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to [William Edward] Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]20 June 1901
NLB/17/21Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society4 July 1898
NLB/15/231Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to T E Davies, Royal College of Science, South Kensington, S.W. 20 July 1897
NLB/16/103Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to [R T] Glazebrook31 January 1898
NLB/17/297Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society] 5 October 1898
NLB/17/748Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]15 December 1898
NLB/17/424Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Shelford Bidwell, President of the Physical Society, Professor William Edward Ayrton and James Swinburne, Fellows of the Royal Society27 October 1898
NLB/17/444Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Messrs Drake & Gorham, 66 Victoria Street, S.W.2 November 1898
NLB/19/130Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society27 June 1899
NLB/18/398Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to [Professor W E] Ayrton 3 March 1899
NLB/18/437Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor [W E] Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society9 March 1899
NLB/19/379Copy letter from Michael Foster, to William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]7 September 1899
NLB/18/149Copy letter from Arthur William Rucker, to Professor [A R] Forsyth, [Fellow of the Royal Society] 24 January 1899
NLB/19/221Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society14 July 1899
NLB/19/472Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Arthur William Rucker, Secretary, Royal Society, Hotel zur Rose, Wiesbaden, Germany10 October 1899
NLB/19/849Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society8 January 1900
NLB/22/571Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor [William Edward] Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society7 June 1901
NLB/18/559Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor Arthur William Rucker, Secretary of the Royal Society29 March 1899
NLB/20/774Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]4 July 1900
NLB/20/785Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor John Perry, Fellow of the Royal Society10 July 1900
NLB/20/775Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society6 July 1900
NLB/20/798Copy letter and contract from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]11 July 1900
NLB/21/156Copy letter from Theodore E James, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society31 August 1900
NLB/22/713Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor [William Edward] Ayrton, [Fellow of the Royal Society]2 July 1901
NLB/23/2/135Copy letter from unknown correspondent, to General The Right Honorable Sir Dighton Probyn8 November 1901
NLB/23/2/137Copy letter from Sir Michael Foster, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society14 November 1901
NLB/23/1/876Copy letter from Alfred Bray Kempe, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society[7 February 1902]
NLB/31/241Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society13 July 1905
NLB/27/305Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society4 August 1903
NLB/27/507Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society9 October 1903
NLB/30/559Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society12 April 1905
NLB/30/378Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society15 March 1905
NLB/30/489Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society31 March 1905
NLB/30/824Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society29 May 1905
NLB/28/688Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society2 May 1904
NLB/31/866Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society27 November 1905
NLB/35/174Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt], President, Royal Society29 April 1907
NLB/32/530Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society28 March 1906
NLB/37/130Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to Professor W [William] E [Edward] Ayrton FRS29 January 1908
NLB/37/786Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to Professor W [William] E [Edward] Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society15 May 1908
NLB/39/154Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to Professor J [John] Perry, Fellow of the Royal Society3 December 1908
NLB/37/464Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to Professor W [William] E [Edward] Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society23 March 1908
NLB/37/882Copy Letter from Joseph Larmor to Professor W [William Mitchinson] Hicks29 May 1908
NLB/39/223Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to Harrison & Sons14 December 1908
RR/8/147Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'The contact theory of voltaic action.—Paper No. III' by William Edward Ayrton and John Perry29 October 1878
RR/9/77Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'On seismic experiments' by John Milne and T Gray23 February 1882
RR/11/102Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on an unnamed paper by Henry Wilde29 May 1891
RR/10/294Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Experiments on the resistance of electrolytic cells' by Matthew Henry Phineas Riall Sankey24 October 1889
RR/10/275Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Magnetic and other physical properties of iron at a high temperature' by John Hopkinson16 May 1889
RR/11/6Referee's report by George Carey Foster, on a paper 'The thermal emissivity of thin wires in air' by William Edward Ayrton and H Kilgour11 August 1891
RR/11/7Referee's report by William Grylls Adams, on a paper 'The thermal emissivity of thin wires in air' by William Edward Ayrton and H Kilgour6 October 1891
RR/10/393Second letter from William Edward Ayrton, to Herbert Rix, regarding a paper 'On the asymmetrical distribution of terrestrial magentism' by Henry Wilde13 February 1891
RR/11/81Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on two papers 'A study of the Planté lead-sulphuric acid-lead peroxide cell, from a chemical stand-point. Part I' and 'A study of the Planté lead-sulphuric acid-lead peroxide cell, from a chemical stand-point. Part II.—A discussion of the chemical changes occurring in the cell' by G H Robertson and H E Armstrong19 August 1891
RR/13/6Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'The hysteresis of iron and steel in a rotating magnetic field' by Francis Gibson Baily18 June 1896
RR/11/119Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Thermal radiation in absolute measure' by James Thomson Bottomley22 August 1892
RR/13/28Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'On some recent investigations in connection with the electro-deposition of metals' by F C Graham8 December 1896
RR/11/5Referee's report by James Thomson Bottomley, on a paper 'Quadrant electrometers' by William Edward Ayrton, John Perry and W E Sumpner3 July 1891
RR/11/179Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'On the thermal conductivities of crystals and other bad conductors' by Charles Herbert Lees17 March 1892
RR/12/252Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'The effect of mechanical stress and of magnetisation on the physical properties of alloys of iron and nickel and of manganese steel' by Herbert Tomlinson11 July 1894
RR/13/4Memorandum from Wiliam Edward Ayrton, on his paper with W R Cooper 'Variations in the electromotive force of clark cells with temperature' to the Secretary of the Royal Society29 January 1896
MS/427/15Copy letter from [George Gabriel] Stokes, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [William Edward] Ayrton29 November 1879
RR/13/3Letter from Wiliam Edward Ayrton, on his paper with W R Cooper 'Variations in the electromotive force of clark cells with temperature' to the Secretary of the Royal Society21 January 1895
RR/13/15Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'On professor Hermann’s theory of the capillary electrometer' by George James Burch7 November 1896
RR/12/337Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Alternate current dynamo-electric machines' by John Hopkinson and E Wilson29 July 1895
RR/12/336Letter from William Edward Ayrton, to John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh, regarding a paper 'Alternate current dynamo-electric machines' by John Hopkinson and E Wilson22 July 1895
RR/14/15Referee's report by Willian Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'The magnetic flumes in meters and other electrical instruments' by A Campbell26 July 1898
RR/14/88Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Contributions to the theory of alternating currents' by W G Rhodes29 January 1898
RR/14/115Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Thermal radiation in absolute measure' by James Thomson Bottomley and J C Beattie20 January 1900
RR/14/117Letter from William Edward Ayrton, to R W F Harrison, regarding a paper 'Thermal radiation in absolute measure' by James Thomson Bottomley and J C Beattie12 February 1900
RR/8/346Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'Experiments to determine the value of the British Association unit of resistance in absolute measure' by John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh15 April 1881
RR/13/235Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'On contact electricity of metals' by J Erskine Murray9 October 1897
RR/14/275Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'On a rotary converter' by E Wilson28 March 1899
RR/17/118Referee's report by John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, on a paper 'A new current weigher and a determination of the electromotive force of the normal Weston cadmium cell' by William Edward Ayrton, Thomas Mather and Frank Edward Smith[June 1907]
MS/427/350Copy letter from Walter White, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [William Edward] Ayrton, FRS14 March 1884
MS/427/27Copy letter from Walter White, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Cromwell Fleetwood] Varley Esq.21 January 1880
NLB/5/565Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society13 July 1891
NLB/5/651Copy letter from A H White, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society6 August 1891
NLB/13/1Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society27 May 1896
NLB/13/127Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Richard Tetley Glazebrook, Fellow of the Royal Society19 June 1896
RR/10/333Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'The rupture of steel by longitudinal stress' by Charles A Carus-Wilson15 October 1890
RR/10/391Letter from William Edward Ayrton, to Herbert Rix, regarding a paper 'On the asymmetrical distribution of terrestrial magentism' by Henry Wilde27 January 1890
RR/12/38Referee's report by William Edward Ayrton, on a paper 'The absolute thermal conductivities of iron and copper' by Wallace R Stewart4 May 1893
NLB/3/949Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Michael Foster, [Royal Society]22 November 1889
NLB/5/8Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Arthur William Rücker, Fellow of the Royal Society16 February 1891
NLB/9/164Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Thomas Edward Thorpe, Fellow of the Royal Society9 April 1894
NLB/12/897Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Richard Tetley Glazebrook, Fellow of the Royal Society23 May 1896
NLB/19/455Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Professor William Edward Ayrton, Fellow of the Royal Society7 October 1899
NLB/36/883Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to James Swinburne, Fellow of the Royal Society7 January 1908
RR/17/119Referee's report by Andrew Gray, on a paper 'A new current weigher and a determination of the electromotive force of the normal Weston cadmium cell' by William Edward Ayrton, Thomas Mather and Frank Edward Smith18 July 1907
NLB/5New Letter Book volume 5, copy letters sent from Royal Society administration13 February 1891-5 February 1892
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