Record

Authorised form of nameFlorey; Howard Walter (1898 - 1968); Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston; pathologist
Other forms of nameFlorey, Lord
SurnameFlorey
ForenamesHoward Walter
Dates1898 - 1968
NationalityAustralian
Dates and placesBirth:
Adelaide, Australia (24 September 1898)
Death:
Oxford (21 February 1968)
ActivityResearch Field:
Pathology
Education:
Kyre College, Adelaide; St Peter's Collegiate School, Adelaide; Adelaide University medical school. MB, BS (Adelaide); BSc (Oxford); PhD (1927, Cambridge)
Career:
Worked his passage to England as ship's surgeon to take up a Rhodes Scholarship at Oxford University (1921-1922); research work, at the invitation of Charles Sherrington, at Oxford (1923); medical officer to the third Oxford University Arctic Expedition; went to Department of Pathology, Cambridge University (1924); Rockefeller Scholar, studying microsurgical techniques (1925); Freedom Research Fellow, Lond on Hospital (1926); Huddersfield Lecturer in Pathology, University of Cambridge (1927); Fellow, Gonville and Caius College; Director of Medical Studies, Gonville and Caius; began to study lysozyme, discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1922 (1929); Joseph Hunter Professor of Pathology, University of Sheffield (1932-1935); Professor of Pathology, University of Oxford (1935-1962); Fellow, Lincoln College, Oxford (1935), Honorary Fellow (1962); continued research on lysozyme, leading to the development of use of penicillin (by 1942); involved in the foundation of the Australian National University, Canberra, especially with the design and organization of the John Curtin School of Medical Research; Chancellor of the University (1965); Provost of Queen's College, Oxford and resigned Chair of Pathology (1962); suffered from angina and died of a heart attack
Honours:
Kt 1944; Baron 1965; OM 1965
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
20/03/1941
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1951; Copley Medal 1957; Nobel Prize (Physiology or Medicine) 1945 - jointly with E Chain and A Fleming
Lectures:
Croonian 1954
Council:
VP 1951-1953; PRS 1960-1965
RelationshipsSon of Joseph Florey, shoemaker of Oxfordshire who emigrated 1885, and his second wife (married 1889) Bertha Mary Wadham (Australian).
Married: 1) (1926) Ethel Mary Hayter, daughter of John Hayter Reed, Adelaide bank manager (she died 1966); one son and one daughter; 2) (1967) Dr Margaret Augusta Fremantle, daughter of 3rd Baron Cottesloe
SourcesSources:
DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1971 vol 17 pp 255-302, plate, by E P Abraham
References:
Lord Adrian, 'Address at the Memorial Service for Lord Florey of Adelaide and Marston, OM, FRS, at Westminster Abbey on 28 March 1968' in NR 1968 vol 23 pp 29-30
Sir Arnold Burgen, review of Trevor I Williams, Howard Florey - Penicillin and After in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 136-137
Henry Harris, 'Howard Florey and the Development of Penicillin' in NR 1999 vol 53 pp 243-252, plate
J Corden, 'Web of Science History' project in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 383-388
E Sidebottom, 'Penicillin revisited; from mould to miracle. 'The mould in Dr Florey's coat: the remarkable true story of the penicillin miracle' by E Lax in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 96-97
A F Bristow, T Barrowcliffe and D R Bangham, 'Standardization of biological medicines: the first hundred years, 1900-2000' in NR 2006 vol 60 pp 271-289
Notes:
More info on web site: http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/exhib/nobel/florey.htm (print-out on file).
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/20520673
Royal Society codeNA8056
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
GLB/65/95/1Howard Florey, Queen's College, Oxford to Brown15 February 1967
GLB/57/23Contract between Brown and the BBC for item on Radio Four (Portrait of Lord Florey)c1969
GLB/19/1/19H W Florey, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford to Brown2 February 1960
GLB/65/31Lord FloreyDecember 1968 - March 1969
GLB/65/47/35Howard Florey, Provost, Queen's College, Oxford to Brown2 November 1966
GLB/65/32/22H W Florey, Australian National University, Canberra to Brown20 July 1966
GLB/65/95/2Brown to Howard Florey, Queen's College, Oxford 16 February 1967
IM/001458Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston2001
IM/GA/WG/9449Presidents 1940-1970nd
HWT/20/11Correspondence with Council of Europe and Department of Education and Science regarding European Scientific interchangeNovember 1966
IM/001456Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1999
MDA/A/4/77Note from A D Gardner, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, to Henry Dale, the Royal Institution, 21 Albemarle Street, W128 May 1943
MDA/A/4/79Note from H W Florey, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, to Sir Henry Dale, President of the Royal Society22 May 1943
MDA/A/4/75Letter from Sir Henry Dale, Chemical Defence Research Department, Porton, Salisbury, to Paul Fildes10 June 1943
MDA/A/24/25/48Letter from A V Hill to H W Florey, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford13 August 1943
MDA/A/4/76Letter from Henry Dale, President of the Royal Society, to A V Hill, Secretary of the Royal Society31 May 1943
MDA/A/4/78Letter from Henry Dale to H W Florey, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford27 May 1943
CMB/281/48Notes on papers passed for publication in the Proceedings1962
IM/003324Nikolayeva Tereshkova, Valentina6 February 1964
P/0042Portrait of Florey, Howard Walter; Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1965
IM/001475Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1991
IM/001459Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marstonnd
IM/001470Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001462Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001474Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001468Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001465Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001454Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston2000
MDA/A/16/9Copy letter from David Christie Martin to Thomas Ralph Merton12 February 1951
HD/25/23Photograph of guests at dinner in honour of 90th birthday of Henry Dale11 June 1965
RR/33/72Referee's report by Thomas Lewis, on a paper 'Observations on the resolution of stasis in the finer blood vessels' by Howard Walter FloreyJune 1926
RR/35/32Referee's report by Thomas Lewis, on a paper 'The mammalian lacteal: its histological structure in relation to its physiological properties' by H M Carleton and Howard Walter FloreyJuly 1927
RR/53/80Referee's report by Charles Arthur Lovatt Evans, on a paper 'A humoral control of the secretion of Brunner’s glands' by Howard Walter Florey and H E Harding[November 1934]
IM/001455Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marstonnd
IM/001467Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001461Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001469Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001466Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
PB/8/75/2/5Correspondence re toast to the Society, proposed by Sir Kenneth Wheare, President of the British Academy.1968
IM/GA/WS/1412Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1946
IM/001460Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marstonnd
IM/001472Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001473Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001463Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/001453Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marstonnd
HFPapers of Howard Walter Florey1924-1968
MS/917Photographs belonging to G B R Feilden from a Royal Society visit to the Academy of Science, Russia[1960-1965]
IM/GA/WRS/5654Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marstonnd
IM/005835Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marstonnd
HF/1Howard Walter Florey's papers1846 - 1981
IM/001457Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1999
IM/001283Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland21 November 1967
IM/001471Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston1992
IM/000850Ciba Foundation Dinner, 26 November 1964, signatures of guests1964
EC/1941/08Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston: certificate of election to the Royal Society
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