Record

Authorised form of nameNeedham; Joseph (1900 - 1995)
Other forms of nameNeedham, Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery
SurnameNeedham
ForenamesJoseph
Dates1900 - 1995
Dates and placesBirth:
London, England (09 December 1900)
Death:
25 March 1995
ActivityResearch Field:
Embryology
Education:
Oundle School (1914-1918); Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (1918-1922)
Career:
Post-graduate research, Biochemistry Department, Cambridge, under Frederick Gowland Hopkins (FRS 1905); Benn Levy Student (1922-1924); Fellow, Gonville and Caius College (1924); University Demonstrator in Biochemistry (1928); Sir William Dunn Reader in Biochemistry (1933-1966); Head, British Scientific Mission to China (1942); Scientific Counsellor, British Embassy, Chungking, China (1944-1945); established the Sino-British Science Co-operation Office and was its Director; first Director, UNESCO Section of Natural Sciences (1946-1948); wrote a history of China's contribution to science and civilisation; involved in establishing History of Science as an academic discipline at Cambridge; Master, Gonville and Caius College (1966-1976); member of International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (President 1972-1975); wrote on philosophy, religion and politics; member of the Labour Party. Though a biologist, he was much interested in political and philosphical questions. Sympathetic to Communism in the 1930's. Became an authority on the civilisation of China and on the history of science.
Honours:
CH (1992); UNESCO Albert Einstein Silver Medal (1994)
Memberships:
FBA (1971)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
20/03/1941
Lectures:
Wilkins 1958
RelationshipsSon of Joseph Needham, doctor specialising in anaesthetics, and his wife Alicia Adelaide Montgomery, pianist and song composer.
Married: 1) (1924) Dorothy Mary Moyle (FRS 1948); 2) (1989) Lu Gwei-Djen (died 1991)
SourcesAssocMaterial:
NCUACS 81/2/95; NCUACS 54/3/95; NCUACS 55/4/95. Papers deposited in the Imperial War Museum, London
Obituaries:
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 2000 vol 46 pp 365-376, plate, by J B Gurdon and Barbara Rodbard
References:
Mikulas Teich, review of Hakim Mohammed Said, ed, Essays on Science: Felicitation Volume in Honour of Dr Joseph Needham in NR 1992 vol 46 pp 329-330
A Rupert Hall, 'A Window on the East', essay review in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 101-110
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/61550127
Royal Society codeNA8082
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1941/11Needham, Joseph: certificate of election to the Royal Society
HWT/39/44Great Britain-China Committee (later Great Britain-China Centre)January 1974
IM/GA/WS/3422Needham, Josephnd
IM/003242Needham, Josephcirca 1979
IM/003241Needham, Joseph1988
RR/43/136Referee's report by Marcus Seymour Pembrey, on a paper 'On the true metabolic rate of the chick embryo and the respiration of its membranes' by Joseph NeedhamNovember 1931
RR/43/137Referee's report by Edwin Stephen Goodrich, on a paper 'A comparative study of the phosphagens, with some remarks on the origin of vertebrates' by Dorothy Mary Moyle Needham, Joseph Needham, Ernest Baldwin and John YudkinDecember 1931
RR/46/38Referee's report by Marcus Seymour Pembrey, on a paper 'A manometric analysis of the metabolism in avian ontogenesis. I.—The normal respiratory quotient of blastoderm, embryo, and yolk-sac during the first week of development' by Joseph Needham[October 1932]
RR/57/43Referee's report by Otto Rosenheim, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre. I—Chemical properties of the evocator' by Conrad Hal Waddington, Joseph Needham, W W Nowinski and R Lemberg[January 1935]
RR/57/42Referee's report by James Peter Hill, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre. I—Chemical properties of the evocator' by Conrad Hal Waddington, Joseph Needham, W W Nowinski and R Lemberg[January 1935]
RR/58/9Referee's report by Arthur Harden, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre - VI-Inductions by the evocator-glycogen complex in intact embryos and in ectoderm removed from the individuation-field' by Norman G Heatley, Conrad Hal Waddington and Joseph NeedhamDecember 1936
RR/62/68Referee's report by Otto Rosenheim, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre III—The activation of the evocator' by Conrad Hal Waddington, Joseph Needham and Jean Brachet[January 1936]
RR/62/70Referee's report by James Peter Hill, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre IV—Further experiments on the chemistry of the evocator' by Conrad Hal Waddingto, Joseph Needham, W W Nowinski, Max Rudolf Lemberg and Arthur Cohen[February 1936]
RR/65/202Referee's report by Otto Fritz Meyerhof, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the cartesian diver ultramicromanometer III. Respiratory rate of the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham and E J Boell 1939
RR/65/197Referee's report by Otto Fritz Meyerhof, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the cartesian diver ultramicromanometer IV. Respiratory quotient of the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham, E J Boell and Henri Koch 1938
RR/65/203Referee's report by Harold Munro Fox, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the cartesian diver ultramicromanometer III. Respiratory rate of the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham and E J Boell December 1938
RR/65/199Referee's report by Harold Munro Fox, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the cartesian diver ultramicromanometer I. Anaerobic glycolysis of the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham, E J Boell and Veronica RogersDecember 1938
RR/65/200Referee's report by Otto Fritz Meyerhof, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the cartesian diver ultramicromanometer II. Effect of dinitro-o-cresol on the anaerobic glycolysis of the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham and E J Boell 1939
RR/65/201Referee's report by Harold Munro Fox, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the cartesian diver ultramicromanometer II. Effect of dinitro-o-cresol on the anaerobic glycolysis of the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham and E J Boell December 1939
RR/68/6Referee's report by Joseph Needham, on a paper 'The inhibition of growth by chemical compounds' by G M Badger, L A Elson, Alexander Haddow, C L Hewett and A M Robinson[1941]
RR/67/306Referee's report by Harold Munro Fox, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the Cartesian diver ultramicro-manometer V. Aerobic glycolysis measurements on the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham, Veronica Rogers and Shih-chang ShenJune 1939
GLB/65/110/91Copy of a letter from D Whitteridge to Joseph Needham, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge11 June 1954
RR/50/74Referee's report by Arthur Edwin Boycott, on a paper 'Physico-chemical experiments on the amphibian organizer' by Joseph Needham, Conrad Hal Waddington and Dorothy Mary Moyle NeedhamNovember 1933
RR/46/37Referee's report by Marcus Seymour Pembrey, on a paper 'A manometric analysis of the metabolism in avian ontogenesis - II. The effects of fluoride, Iodoacetate, and other reagents on the respiration of blastoderm, embryo, and yolk-sac' by Joseph Needham[October 1932]
RR/50/73Referee's report by Archibald Vivian Hill, on a paper 'A manometric analysis of the metabolism in avian ontogenesis. III.—The respiratory quotient of the yolk-sac and allantois during the last two weeks of development' by Joseph NeedhamMay 1933
RR/62/67Referee's report by James Peter Hill, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre III—The activation of the evocator' by Conrad Hal Waddington, Joseph Needham and Jean Brachet[February 1936]
RR/65/198Referee's report by Otto Fritz Meyerhof, on a paper 'Morphogenesis and metabolism: studies with the Cartesian diver ultramicro-manometer V. Aerobic glycolysis measurements on the regions of the amphibian gastrula' by Joseph Needham, Veronica Rogers and Shih-chang Shen1939
IM/003240Needham, Dorothy Mary (Moyle) and Needham, Joseph1976
IM/GA/WS/3424Needham, Dorothy Mary (Moyle) and Needham, Josephnd
RR/62/69Referee's report by Otto Rosenheim, on a paper 'Studies on the nature of the amphibian organization centre IV—Further experiments on the chemistry of the evocator' by Conrad Hal Waddingto, Joseph Needham, W W Nowinski, Max Rudolf Lemberg and Arthur Cohen[January 1936]
NLB/68/726Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir John Rose Bradford, KCMG, FRS22 October 1925
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView



    CONTACT US

    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →

    SUBSCRIBE

    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView