Record

Authorised form of nameParsons; William (1800 - 1867); 3rd Earl of Rosse
Other forms of nameParsons, William, Baron Oxmantown
SurnameParsons
ForenamesWilliam
Dates1800 - 1867
Dates and placesBirth:
York, Yorkshire, England (17 June 1800)
Death:
Monkstown, County Dublin, Ireland (31 October 1867)
Burial:
The old church of St Brendan, Parsonstown, County Offaly, Ireland
ActivityResearch Field:
Mathematics, astronomy
Education:
At home (until 1818); Trinity College, Dublin; Magdalen College, Oxford. BA (1822); hon LLD (1842, Cambridge); honorary degree from University of Dublin (1863)
Career:
Lord Oxmanton (1807); MP for the King's County (1821-1835); Lord Lieutenant of the King's County (1831); resigned to pursue other interests (1834); made experiments to improve the reflecting telescope (from 1827); invented a machine for grinding and polishing specula by steam power (1828); succeeded in producing speculae (1838, 1842, 1843) which he used for astronomical observations (begun 1845); on Senate of Queen's University; on Royal Commission of weights and measures; Lord Lieutenant of King's County (from 1831); Colonel of Militia, King's County (from 1834); Representative Peer for Ireland, House of Lords (from 1845); Knight of the Legion of Honour (1855); Chancellor, University of Dublin (1862); died from the removal of a tumour from his knee
Honours:
KP 1845
Memberships:
MRIA (1822); FRAS (1824); Member of Imperial Academy of St Petersburg 1852
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
8/12/1831
Medals/Prizes:
Royal Medal 1851
Council:
PRS 1848-1854; VP 1842-1843; 1854-1855
RelationshipsEldest son of Sir Lawrence William Parson, 2nd Earl of Rosse and Alice Lloyd; succeeded his father as 3rd Earl (1841); married (14 May 1836) Mary, daughter and co-heiress of John Wilmer Field of Heaton Hall, Yorkshire (died 1885); father of Sir Charles Algernon Parsons (FRS 1898); three other sons
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Irish Innovators
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1867-1868 vol 16 pp xxxvi-xlii
References:
A A Mills and R Hall, 'The Production of a Plane Surface. As Illustrated by Specula From Some Early Newtonian Telescopes' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 147-166
Sir Bernard Lovell, 'Herschel's Work on the Structure of the Universe' in NR 1978-9 vol 33 pp 57-75
R K Bluhm, 'A Note on the Origin of the Society's Conversaziones' in NR 1958 vol 13 pp 61-63
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/9670149296300680670003
Royal Society codeNA8084
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MM/12/73Letter from TR Robinson, Armagh, to Lord Rosse30 December 1852
MS/769/74Letter from Lord Rosse. The Castle, Parsonstown, to [Walter White?]20 November 1864
MM/12/72Letter from TR Robinson, Armagh, to Lord Rosse28 December 1852
MM/16/154Letter from Lord Rosse, Parsonstown, to Sir John Herschel21 June 1850
MM/11/158Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood16 November 1841
MM/12/74Letter from James Nasmyth, Manchester, to Lord Rosse30 December 1852
MM/16/153Letter from Lord Rosse, Parsonstown, to Sir John Herschel29 October 1849
MM/11/60Letter from William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, to Sir Edward Sabine17 September 1854
MM/12/68Letter from Lord Rosse, Parsonstown, to Sir Edward Sabine22 December 1852
MM/12/66Letter from James Nasmyth, Bridgewater Foundry, to Lord Rosse15 December 1852
MM/12/82Letter from TR Robinson, Armagh, to Lord Rosse6 May 1853
MM/12/67Letter from Lord Rosse, Parsonstown, to Sir Edward Sabine18 December 1852
MM/17/5Letter from A Erman to William Parsons, 3rd Earl Rosse4 August 1854
P/0110Portrait of Parsons, William; 3rd Earl of Rossec 1860
MM/19/101Letter from William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, President, Royal Society, to Edward Sabine, Treasurer, Royal Society4 January 1852
MM/17/9Letter from AT Kupffer to William Parsons, 3rd Earl RosseOctober 1854
MM/17/3Letter from MF Maury, National Observatory, Washington, USA, to William Parsons, 3rd Earl Rosse27 July 1854
MM/17/4Letter from LAJ Quetelet, Brussels, to William Parsons, 3rd Earl RosseJuly 1854
MS/769/75Letter from Lord Rosse, The Castle, Parsonstown, to [Walter White?]12 January 1865
AP/33/1Explanation of the so-called 'Mysterious Circles'24 April 1850
IM/003442Parsons, William, 3rd Earl of Rossend
IM/003443Parsons, William, 3rd Earl of Rossend
IM/005263Parsons, Williamnd
RR/2/231Referee's report by William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, on a paper 'On the change of refrangibility of light. No. II' by George Gabriel Stokes28 July 1853
RR/3/234Referee's report by William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, on a paper 'On the stability of loose earth' by William John Macquorn Rankine22 October 1856
RR/4/220Referee's report by George Biddell Airy, on a paper 'On the construction of specula of six-feet aperture; and a selection from the observations of nebulae made with them' by William Parsons, Lord Rosse20 September 1861
RR/4/219Referee's report by Thomas Romney Robinson, on a paper 'On the construction of specula of six-feet aperture; and a selection from the observations of nebulae made with them' by William Parsons, Lord Rosse14 August 1861
RR/1/212Referee's report by John William Lubbock, on a paper 'Observations on some of the nebulae' by William Parsons, Earl of Rosse24 June 1844
NLB/68/715Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Honourable Sir Charles Parsons, KCB, FRS21 October 1925
MS/426/534Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Charles] Babbage13 December 1854
MS/426/564Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir James South2 April 1856
MS/426/472Note of a letter from [the Secretaries of] the Royal Society; to Lord Rosse [William Parsons, President of the Royal Society]31 July 1852
MS/426/427Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to W F Haytin MP10 July 1850
MS/426/465Note of letters from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Lord Rosse [William Parsons], Prof [Thomas] Graham, Capt [William Henry] Smyth7 May 1852
MS/426/430Copy letter from G [George] Rennie, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Sir J W [John William] Lubbock20 July 1850
MS/426/368Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to L Harmer Esq6 February 1849
MS/426/385Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Edward [Joshua] Cooper Esq15 June 1849
MS/426/485Copy letter from S H [Samuel Hunter] Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to J C [James Cosmo] Melvill, Esq29 April 1853
MS/426/563Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir James South1 April 1856
MS/426/493Copy letter from Rosse [William Parsons, President of the Royal Society]; to the Earl of Aberdeen [George Hamilton-Gordon]30 November 1853
IM/007118Parsons, William, 3rd Earl of Rossend
EC/1831/24Parsons, William, 3rd Earl of Rosse: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MS/426/367Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Lord Rosse [William Parsons, President of the Royal Society]3 February 1849
MS/426/532Copy letter from Edward Sabine, Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Lord Rosse [William Parsons], President of the Royal Society10 November 1854
MS/426/474Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Charles Young1 November 1852
MM/14/13Memorandum from William Parsons, Lord Rosse1855
MS/426/481Copy letter from Edward Sabine, Vice President and Treasurer of the Royal Society; to Lord Rosse [William Parsons], President of the Royal Society28 February 1853
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