Authorised form of nameBalfour; Arthur James (1848 - 1930); 1st Earl of Balfour
Dates1848 - 1930
Place of birthWhittingehame, East Lothian, Scotland
Date of birth25 July 1848
Place of deathFisher's Hill, his brother's house near Woking, Surrey
Date of death19/03/1930
Dates and placesBurial:
Whittingehame, East Lothian
Eton; Trinity College, Cambridge
MP for Hertford (1874-1885); MP for Manchester East (1885-1906); MP for City of London (1906-1922); Private Secretary to his uncle, the 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (FRS 1869) (1878-1880); Privy Councillor (1885); President, Local Government Board (1885-1886); Leader of the House of Commons; Prime Minister (1902-1905); Foreign Secretary (1916-1919)
OM 1916; KG 1922; Earl 1922
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election12/01/1888
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
VP 1912-1914
RelationshipsEldest son of James Maitland Balfour of Whittingham, East Lothian ,and his wife Blanche, sister of Robert, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (FRS 1869); elder brother of Francis Maitland Balfour (FRS 1878); brother-in-law of John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (FRS 1873); unmarried
Bulloch's Roll; DNB
Proc Roy Soc Series A 1930 vol 129 pp xv-xxxiii, plate, by Rayleigh
Proc Roy Soc Series B 1931 vol 107 pp iv-xxii, plate, by Rayleigh
R V Jones, 'Alfred Ewing and "Room 40"' in NR 1979-80 vol 34 pp 65-90
Vanity Fair 01 December 1880, 24 September 1887, 30 November 1893 (group), 01 December 1898, 27 January 1910
Royal Society codeNA8114
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/000213Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl of Balfour nd
NLB/2/328Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to the Right Honorable Arthur James Balfour27 April 1888
NLB/3/699Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to F J Woods, Bass Rock Hotel, North Berwick19 September 1889
NLB/14/378Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Messrs Harrison & Sons2 March 1897
NLB/17/421Copy letter from Michael Foster, to The Marquis of Salisbury [Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil], Arthur James Balfour, Joseph Chamberlain, George Joachim Goschen, Sir John Eldon Gorst, the Duke of Devonshire [Spencer Compton Cavendish], the Earl of Halsbury [Hardinge Stanley Giffard], and Viscount Richard Assheton Cross27 October 1898
NLB/47/848Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison to the Right Honourable A [Arthur] J [James] Balfour FRS21 April 1913
NLB/55/729Copy letter from [Dr.] Arthur Schuster, Secretary of the Royal Society; to The Right Honourable, Arthur [James] Balfour, O.M., FRS09 August 1918
EC/1888/01Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl of Balfour: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/005599Swinton, Alan Archibald Campbell1896
IM/000214Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl of Balfour September 1999
VF/02Portrait of Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour by 'Xit'27 January 1910
MS/603/1/41Letter from Arthur James Balfour, 4 Carlton Gardens, Pall Mall, to [Joseph] Larmor24 November 1908
MS/603/1/40Letter from Arthur James Balfour, 4 Carlton Gardens, Pall Mall, to [Joseph] Larmor4 August 1908
MS/603/1/43Letter from Arthur James Balfour, Admiralty, Whitehall, to [Joseph] Larmor29 May 1915
MS/603/1/42Letter from Arthur James Balfour, Admiralty, Whitehall, to [Joseph] Larmor28 May 1915
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