Authorised form of nameChurchill; Sir; Winston Leonard Spencer (1874 - 1965)
ForenamesWinston Leonard Spencer
Dates1874 - 1965
Dates and placesBirth:
30 November 1874
24 January 1965
Harrow School
Prime Minister (10 May 1940 - 27 July 1945; 26 October 1951 - 7 April 1955)
Freemason, initiated in Churchill Lodge No 478, Oxford on 9 February 1871
CH 1922; OM 1946; KG 1953
Royal Society activityMembership:
Election Date:
Nobel Prize (Literature) 1953
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1966 vol 12 pp 35-105, plate, by R V Jones
David Kendall and Kenneth Post, 'The British 3-inch Anti-Aircraft Rocket. Part One: Dive Bombers' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 229-239
R V Jones, 'Lindemann Beyond the Laboratory' in NR 1986-87 vol 41 pp 191-210
William McGucken, 'The Royal Society and the Genesis of the Scientific Advisory Committee to Britain's War Cabinet, 1939-1940' in NR 1978-9 vol 33 pp 87-115
Vanity Fair 27 September 1900, 08 March 1911
R Singh and F Riess, 'The nobel laureate Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman FRS and his contacts with the British Scientific community in a social and political context' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 47-64
W van der Kloot, 'April 1915: Five Future Nobel Prize-Winners Inaugurate Weapons Of Mass Destruction And The Academic-Industrial-Military Complex' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 149-160
Library and Museum of Freemasonry, 'Freemasons and the Royal Society; Alphabetical List of Fellows of the Royal Society who were Freemasons' London, 2010, page 21
Royal Society codeNA8169
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EC/1941/21Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MM/17/46Letter from WLS Churchill to FA FreethMay 1918
IM/GA/WS/19245Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencernd
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView


    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →


    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView