Authorised form of nameColwall; Daniel (- 1690); merchant and philanthropist
Dates - 1690
Place of deathLiberty of the Tower of London
Date of deathNovember 1690
Governor and benefactor of Christ's Hospital; established the royal mathematical school within Christ's Hospital (1676); paid for the engravings in Nehemiah Grew's 'Musaeum regalis societatis' (1681);
Membership categoryOriginal Fellow
Date of election20/05/1663
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Treasurer 1666-1679; VP 1682-1688
Committee and panels:
Committee for examining and auditing the accounts of the Treasurer (1664) ; Committee for the Histories of Trades (1664) ; Committee for Correspondence (1664) ; Committee for taking care of the Royal Society (1676) ; Committee for Agriculture [Georgical Committee] (1669)
Other Royal Society activityAs benefactor in 1665-66, presented £100 to pay for the collection of rarities, belonging to Mr Hubbard [Robert Hubert]. This formed the first part of the Society's museum; As Treasurer, he was instructed to collect members to pay their subscription, in particular in 1667 and 1673
RelationshipsPossibly father of John Colwall (FRS 1668)
General contextWhile little is known about Colwall's early life and his activities as a merchant, Colwall's amounted wealth at the time of his death provided for Christ's Hospital with an annual payment of £62 and a lump sum of £4,000. The committee in charge of distributing and investing the sum decided to support children displaced by the Great Fire of London as well as establish a new Writing school in the hospital. As a citizen living within the liberties of the Tower of London, Colwall was excused from jury duties - the neighbourhood having its separate adminsitrative unit, courthouse, quarter sessions, and gaol - and was also responsible for the liberty's poorer population.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library

Colwall P0025.jpg

Bulloch's Roll; DNB; ODNB
Kathleen H Ochs, 'The Royal Society of London's History of Trades Programme: An Early Episode in Applied Science' in NR 1984-85 vol 39 pp 129-158
Michael Hunter, 'The Social Bias and Changing Fortunes of an Early Scientific Institution: An Analysis of the Membership of the Royal Society, 1660-1685' in NR 1976-7 vol 31 pp 9-114
H G Lyons, 'The Society's Finances, part I: 1662-1830' in NR 1938 vol 1 pp 73-87
The election date is Colwall's re-election date into the Society after the grant of the second charter in April 1663. All Fellows admitted in a two-month window after this charter, until 22 June 1663, are considered Original Fellows. He was previously elected on 16 January 1661.
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA8178
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MM/16/37Minutes of a committee 'for examining and auditing the accompts of the Treasurer of the Royal Society'28 November 1664
P/0025Portrait of Colwall, Daniel
MM/5/52Letter from Daniel Colwall, Tower Hill, London18 April 1674
DM/5/113'Benefactors. Daniell Colwall Esq. Anno 1665, founded the Museum'1665
MC/11/225Letter from E Loff Holden, School House, Ipswich, to the Royal Society14 June 1878
DM/5/115List of benefactors to the Royal Society17th-18th century
CLP/3i/27Papers, 'Several papers about dying [dyeing]' from The [Theodore] de Vaux1630-1666
MS/390/12Bond of Daniel Colwall to the Treasurer of the Royal Society23 November 1674
MM/11/24'A Liste of the Engagements, made by Several Members of the Royal Society, for contributing to the building of a College upon the Ground near Arundel-house...'25 June 1669
DM/5/71Recommendation that seven persons (named) 'do take into their Custody all the Rarities, bookes and other goods and chattells belonging to the Royall Society'17th century
IM/000927Colwall, Danielnd
EL/B1/129Letter, from John Brook to Daniel Colwall2 December 1668
RBC/1/20'A Relation concerning the making of Allum' by Daniel Colwall27 September 1661
RBO/1/8'The Manner of Making Green Coperas' by Mr Daniel Colwall8 June 1661
MM/16/39Minutes of a committee 'for taking care of the repository of the Royal Society'3 February 1676
CLP/3i/12Paper, 'Fraudes committed about hides and leather expressed in the statutes' by [Daniel] Colwall[1663]
DM/5/64Minutes of meetings of the Committee for Agriculture (endorsed as 'Transactions of the Georgicall Committee')October 1664-February 1665
CLP/6/14Paper, 'An account of the tides at St Helena [South Atlantic Ocean]' by the Governor [Robert Stringer] in a letter to Mr [Daniel] Colwall30 April 1663
CLP/9i/3Paper, an account of English alum works by Daniel Colwall[1661]
CLP/9i/2Paper, an account of the way of making English green copperas by Daniel Colwall[1661]
MC/11Volume 11 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1877-1879
RBO/1/17'A Relation Concerning the Making of Allum By Mr Daniel Colwall'27 September 1661
CLP/19/6Paper, 'An answer to some of the enquiries, formerly sent into the East Indies, brought in by Mr Colwall' by unknown author14 November 1662
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