Record

Authorised form of nameCook; James (1728 - 1779)
SurnameCook
ForenamesJames
Dates1728 - 1779
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Marton, Cleveland, England (27 October 1728)
Death:
Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii (14 February 1779)
ActivityResearch Field:
Maritime discovery; mathematics; astronomy
Career:
After a short time in a haberdashers shop in Staithes, he was apprenticed to Whitby shipowners and spent several years serving as a merchant seaman, primarily in the North Sea. Joined Royal Navy (1755), became a Master (1759); conveyed the expeditions of Daniel Solander and Joseph Banks; in New Zealand on occasions (between 1769 and 1777); departed Plymouth in search of Northwest Passage (1776)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
29/02/1776
Medals/Prizes:
Copley Medal 1776
RelationshipsSon of an agricultural worker
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Journal Book Original, President's Address on award of Copley Medal 1776, pages 182-219
Authority:
Birth date from DSB
References:
G E Fogg, 'The Royal Society and the Antarctic' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 85-98
Harold B Carter, 'The Royal Society and the Voyage of HMS Endeavour 1768-71' in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 245-260
Robin J H Clark and Michael J Kelly, 'New Zealand, New Zealanders and the Royal Society' in NR 1994 vol 48 pp 263-281
Sir Raphael Cilento, 'Sir Joseph Banks, FRS, and the Naming of the Kangaroo' in NR 1971 vol 26 pp 157-161
Egon H Kodicek and Frank G Young, 'Captain Cook and Scurvy' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 43-63
G E R Deacon and Margaret Deacon, 'Captain Cook as a Navigator' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 33-42
I Kaye, 'Captain James Cook and the Royal Society' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 7-18, plate
P M S Blackett, 'Opening of the Cook Gallery at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, on 17 July 1968' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 1-4
Sir Richard Woolley, 'Captain Cook and the Transit of Venus of 1769' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 19-32
William T Stearn, 'A Royal Society Appointment with Venus in 1769: the Voyage of Cook and Banks in the Endeavour in 1768-1771 and its Botanical Results' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 64-90
John Thomas, 'Josiah Wedgwood's Portrait Medallions of Fellows of the Royal Society' in NR 1963 vol 18 pp 45-53, plate
Patricia Fara, 'Letters from a scientific emperor', review of Neil Chambers, 'The letters of Sir Joseph Banks: a selection 1768 - 1829' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 264-265
L B Glyn, 'Israel Lyons: a short but starry career. The life of an eighteenth-century Jewish botanist and astronomer' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 275-305
N J W Thrower, 'Samuel Pepys FRS (1633-1733) and The Royal Society' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 3-13
M Croarken, 'Astronomical labourers: Maskelyne's assistants at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, 1765 - 1811' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 285 - 298
Notes:
Index to BR gives birth date as November 1728.
Royal Society codeNA8183
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
AB/1/2/1/130Letter to James West from Mr Robertson15 August 1768
M/052Cook, James1784
A/0184Cook, James
IM/000937Cook, Jamesnd
IM/000942Cook, Jamesnd
IM/005683Cook, Jamesnd
IM/000940Cook, James2002
MM/7/21Letter from James King, Serle Street, to the Board of Longitude3 March 1781
V/013Cook, James1968
EC/1775/27Cook, James: certificate of election to the Royal Society
IM/004320Cook, JamesSeptember 2004
IM/000939Cook, Jamesnd
CB/1/1/203Letter from Daines Barrington to Charles Blagden at Mrs Nelmes, St James Churchyard26 June 1775
NLB/3/962Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to J U Poole, care of Messrs Poole & Company, 33 Spencer Street, Clerkenwell25 November 1889
MS/391/175Bond of James Cook to the Treasurer of the Royal Society7 March 1776
L&P/5/241Paper, 'Extracts from his journals, beginning 9 November 1770' by James Cook1771
L&P/4/386Paper, 'Eclipse of the Sun 5 August 1766, observed at Newfoundland' by James Cook, communicated by John Bevis5 March 1767
L&P/5/257Paper, 'Observations made at King George Island, in the South Seas' by Charles Green and James Cook1771
L&P/5/301Letter, 'An account of the flowing of tides in the South Sea, observed from the bark Endeavour' from James Cook to Nevil Maskelyne5 February 1772
L&P/6/172Letter, 'Of the tides in the South Seas' from James Cook to John Pringle2 April 1776
L&P/6/163Letter, 'How health was kept on board the Resolution' from James Cook to John Pringle5 March 1776
L&P/7/238Paper, 'That Captain Cook sought for Cape Curcumcision under the proper meridian' by William Wales1782
MOB/029Regulator clock by John Shelton1760s
MOB/033Astronomical quadrant by John Birdc.1767
MOB/041Terrestrial globe by W & TM Bardinc.1807
IM/000941Cook, James2002
IM/000938Cook, Jamesnd
IM/005682Cook, Jamesnd
MM/3/76Letter from Daines Barrington to Rev D Horsley30 March 1774
MM/7/17Board of Longitude Resolution4 November 1780
MM/7/18Committee of the Board of Longitude 27 November 1780
V/017Rennell, Thomas1826
V/003Cook, James
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