# Record

Authorised form of name | Eddington; Sir; Arthur Stanley (1882 - 1944); astrophysicist and theoretical physicist |

Dates | 1882 - 1944 |

Nationality | British |

Place of birth | Kendal, Westmorland, England |

Date of birth | 28 December 1882 |

Place of death | Cambridge |

Date of death | 22/11/1944 |

Dates and places | Burial: St Giles' cemetery, now Ascension Cemetery, Cambridge |

Occupation | Astrophysicist and theoretical physicist |

Research field | Astronomy; relativity |

Activity | Education: Owens College Manchester 1898-1902 B.Sc. Class I (Physics) MA (Cambridge); MSc (Manchester) Career: Chief Assistant to Astronomer Royal at Greenwich Observatory 1906 Plumian Professor of Astronomy in Cambridge 1913-1944 President of the Royal Astronomical Society 1921-1923; President Physical Society 1939-1932; President International Astronomical Union 1938-1944. Honours: Kt 1930; OM 1938 |

Membership category | Fellow |

Date of election | 07/05/1914 |

Royal Society activity | Medals and prizes: Royal Medal 1928 Lectures: Bakerian 1926 |

Published works | 'Stellar Movements and the Structure of the Universe' (1914); 'Report on the Relativity Theory of Gravitation' (1915); 'Space, Time and Gravitation' (1920); 'The Mathematical Theory of Relativity' (1923); 'The Internal Constitution of the Stars' (1926); 'Fundamental Theory' (1946); The Combination of Relativity Theory and Quantum Theory (1946) |

General context | Member of the Society of Friends |

Sources | Sources: Bulloch's Roll; DSB Obituaries: Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 1945-1948 vol 5 pp 113-125, plate, by H C Plummer References: S Chandrasekhar, 'Verifying the Theory of Relativity' in NR 1975-6 vol 30 pp 249-260 W H McCrea, 'The Royal Observatory and the Study of Gravitation' in NR 1975-6 vol 30 pp 133-140, plate Sir Harrie Massey, 'Nuclear Physics Today and in Rutherford's Day' in NR 1972-3 vol 27 pp 25-44 R Singh and F Riess, 'The nobel laureate Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman FRS and his contacts with the British Scientific community in a social and political context' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 47-64 I T Durham, 'Rethinking the history of solar wind studies: Eddington's analysis of Comet Morehouse' in NR 2006 vol 60 pp 261-270 |

Virtual International Authority File | http://viaf.org/viaf/24675918 |

Royal Society code | NA8211 |

Archives associated with this Fellow

Reference number | Title | Date |

EC/1914/08 | Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley: certificate of election to the Royal Society | |

IM/001238 | Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley | nd |

RR/38/12 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Tests of significance in harmonic analysis' by Ronald Aylmer Fisher | June 1929 |

NLB/61/446 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 8 July 1921 |

NLB/61/737 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 20 October 1921 |

NLB/52/322 | Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society] | 9 November 1915 |

NLB/54/283 | Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir [James Hopwood] Jeans, Chairman of the Mathematics Committee and FRS | 21 March 1917 |

RR/23/10 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'An investigation into the periodicity of measles epidemics in London from 1703 to the present day by the method of the periodogram' by John Brownlee | December 1916 |

RR/23/12 | Referees' report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On distributive multiplication and random infraction' by John Brownlee | December 1916 |

RR/24/83 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The dissipation of energy in the tides in connection with the acceleration of the moon’s mean motion' by R O Street | [March 1917] |

RR/23/84 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'An application of the theory of probabilities to the study of a priori pathometry - Part II' by Ronald Ross and Hilda P Hudson | November 1916 |

RR/26/39 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the mathematical foundations of theoretical statistics' by R A Fisher | [August 1921] |

RR/26/53 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The relativity-contraction in a rotating shaft moving with uniform speed along its axis' by Felix E Hackett | [May 1921] |

RR/26/137 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Correlation between arrays in a table of correlations' by C Spearman | [January 1922] |

RR/26/128 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On a physical theory of stellar spectra' by Meghnad N Saha | [January 1921] |

RR/26/147 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The theory of the inertial field' by Alfred North Whitehead | [October 1921] |

RR/27/104 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the nature and amount of the gravitational deflection of light' by Joseph Larmor | October 1922 |

RR/35/48 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On electrostatics in a gravitational field' by E T Copson | December 1927 |

NLB/63/157 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 07 July 1922 |

RR/30/78 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A general vector analysis, with applications to electrodynamical theory' by H T Flint | [December 1924] |

RR/33/15 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The relativity theory of plane waves' by O R Baldwin and G B Jeffery | January 1926 |

RR/37/119 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The mechanics of the hydrogen atom' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | September 1928 |

RR/35/77 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A contribution to modern ideas on the quantum theory' by H T Flint and J W Fisher | March 1927 |

RR/37/10 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The relativity theory of divergent waves' by O R Baldwin | November 1928 |

RR/35/78 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The fundamental equation of wave mechancis and the [metrics] of space' by H T Flint and J W Fisher | May 1927 |

RR/38/11 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The equations of the quantum theory' by J W Fisher and H T Flint | December 1929 |

RR/38/10 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The wave equation in five dimensions' by J W Fisher | February 1929 |

RR/37/114 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The "action" of an electromagnetic field' by Samuel Roslington Milner | July 1928 |

RR/38/62 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The effect of a nuclear spin on the optical spectra' by J Hargreaves | April 1929 |

RR/38/33 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The triplets of helium' by J Arthur Gaunt | November 1928 |

NLB/60/302 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 13 January 1921 |

RR/38/34 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The triplets of helium' by J Arthur Gaunt | November 1928 |

RR/42/44 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the force required to stop a moving electrified sphere. -II' by George Frederick Charles Searle | July 1930 |

RR/38/15 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The first and second order equations of the quantum theory' by H T Flint | March 1929 |

RR/38/16 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The new metric of Einstein and the wave equation' by H T Flint | October 1928 |

RR/39/46 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A general equation of state and the Debye–Hückel theory on the new statistics' by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar | [October 1929] |

RR/38/2 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'A symmetrical treatment of the wave equation' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | September 1928 |

RR/38/151 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The tensorial form of dirac's wave equations' by George Temple | November 1928 |

NLB/59/680 | Copy letter from Edwin Deller, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 1 November 1920 |

RR/66/258 | Letter from Arthur Stanley Eddington, on an unnamed paper by Richardson | 14 March 1939 |

RR/40/80 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On a symmetrical analysis of conical order and its relation to time-space theory' by Alfred Arthur Robb | September 1930 |

RR/41/16 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Mathematical properties of a continuum' by W Band | March 1930 |

RR/39/98 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on the Bakerian Lecture 'The structure and opacity of a stellar atmosphere' by Edward Arthur Milne | [July 1929] |

RR/41/98 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Continuous absorption' by J A Gaunt | January 1930 |

RR/37/148 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the potential of electromagnetic phenomena in a gravitational field' by Edmund Taylor Whittaker | May 1928 |

RR/27/105 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the nature and amount of the gravitational deflection of light' by Joseph Larmor | 11 November 1922 |

RR/43/71 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The photoelectric effect for Y-rays' by H E Hulme | June 1931 |

RR/43/11 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Quantised singularities in the electromagnetic field' by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac | June 1931 |

NLB/60/576 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 25 February 1921 |

RR/43/30 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A metrical theory and its relation to the charge and masses of the electron and proton' by H T Flint | February 1931 |

NLB/62/654 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 31 March 1922 |

NLB/65/608 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Charles [Scott] Sherrington [President of the Royal Society], GBE, FRS | 28 November 1923 |

RR/43/92 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Some special solutions of the equations of axially symmetric gravitational fields' by Thomas Lewis | December 1931 |

RR/45/27 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The stellar coefficients of absorption and opacity.— Part II' by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar | [December 1931] |

RR/44/62 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Lorentz's equation' by R A Sampson | March 1931 |

RR/44/63 | Second referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Lorentz's equation' by R A Sampson | September 1931 |

RR/44/64 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The concept of time' by R A Sampson | October 1931 |

RR/44/129 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the definition of distance in curved space, and the displacement of the spectral lines of distant sources' by Edmund Taylor Whittaker | July 1931 |

NLB/61/697 | 13 October 1921 | |

RR/47/32 | Referee's report by James Hopwood Jeans, on a paper 'Theory of electric charge' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | 15 April 1932 |

RR/47/31 | Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'Theory of electric charge' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | June 1932 |

RR/26/11 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'An experimental determination of the distribution of the partial correlation coefficient in samples of thirty' by J W Bispham | [January 1922] |

RR/48/97 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A relativistic basis of the quantum theory' by H T Flint | [January 1934] |

RR/49/117 | Referee's report by Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, on a paper 'The masses of the proton and electron' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | [October 1933] |

NLB/62/651 | 31 March 1922 | |

NLB/61/726 | 18 October 1921 | |

RR/53/79 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A relativistic basis of the quantum theory.—II' by H T Flint | [March 1934] |

NLB/62/675 | 5 April 1922 | |

RR/57/49 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On Gauss' theorem and the concept of mass in general relativity' by Edmund Taylor Whittaker | [January 1935] |

RR/60/20 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'The speed of light at a function of the time' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | November 1936 |

RR/60/16 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On wave matrices, and some properties of the wave equation' by Samuel Roslington Milner | June 1936 |

NLB/57/843 | Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Sir Arthur Stanley] AS Eddington, FRS | 21 February 1920 |

NLB/57/845 | Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor JW [John William] Nicholson, FRS | 21 February 1920 |

RR/62/41 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A criticism of the method of expansion in powers of the gravitational constant in general relativity' by John Lighton Synge | [January 1937] |

RR/62/40 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Integral electromagnetic theorems in general relativity' by John Lighton Synge | [June 1936] |

RR/61/118 | Referee's report by Ralph Howard Fowler, on a paper 'Theory of scattering of protons by protons' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | July 1937 |

RR/64/22 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the values of fundamental atomic constants' by Sten Von Friesen | [February 1937] |

RR/66/75 | Referee's report by George Barker Jeffery, on a paper 'A new derivation of the quadratic equation for the masses of the proton and electron' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | 1 November 1939 |

RR/65/75 | Referee's report by James Hopwood Jeans, on a paper 'The problem of n bodies in general relativity theory' by Arthur Stanley Eddington and G L Clark | March 1938 |

RR/66/76 | Referee's report by George Barker Jeffery, on a paper 'The masses of the meson and mesotron' by Arthur Stanley Eddington | 1 November 1939 |

RR/65/246 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Influence of radiation on ionization equilibrium' by B N Srivastava | March 1938 |

NLB/57/658 | Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Joseph Larmor, FRS, MP | 7 January [1920] |

NLB/57/828 | Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor JW [John William] Nicholson, FRS | 17 February 1920 |

NLB/63/613 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society and FRS; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 15 November 1922 |

NLB/63/586 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society and FRS; to Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 09 November 1922 |

RR/67/415 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the electromagnetic two-body problem' by John Lighton Synge | 1940 |

NLB/65/447 | Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Walter [Morley] Fletcher, KBE, FRS | 1 November 1923 |

NLB/65/598 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor [Diarmid] Noel Paton, FRS | 27 November 1923 |

NLB/64/913 | Copy letter from William Bate Hardy, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Godfrey] Locker Lampson, M.P; Berkeley Street, W.1 | 9 July 1923 |

NLB/65/394 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Honourable Sir Charles [Algernon] Parsons, KCB, FRS; also sent to Professor [Charles Glover] Barkla, Professor [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, Sir [William Henry] Bragg, Professor [Thomas Ralph] Merton, Professor [Jocelyn Field] Thorpe, Sir [Frederick William] Andrewes, Professor [Edwin Stephen] Goodrich, Sir [Thomas Henry] Holland and Sir [Frederick William] Keeble. | 25 October 1923 |

RR/50/64 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Material and radiational waves (continued)' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | March 1933 |

RR/43/122 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Material and radiational waves' by [Ali Moustafa] Mosharrafa | October 1931 |

RR/30/54 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the possible ellipticity of Saturn's ring' by G R Goldbrough | [July 1924] |

NLB/66/627 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary, Royal Astronomical Society, Burlington House, W.1 | 5 June 1924 |

NLB/69/249 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 12 February 1926 |

RR/34/117 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the geometry of dynamics' by John Lighton Synge | [February 1926] |

NLB/68/621 | 24 September 1925 | |

NLB/69/511 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 20 May 1926 |

NLB/71/35 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 12 December 1927 |

NLB/70/730 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Gilbert Walker, CSI, FRS | 14 July 1927 |

NLB/71/517 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 23 June 1928 |

NLB/71/657 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Gilbert Walker, C.S.I., FRS | 26 September 1928 |

NLB/71/781 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Keeper, H.M. Privy Purse | 1 November 1928 |

NLB/71/880 | Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Secretary, H.M. Privy Purse, Buckingham Palace, SW1 | 27 November 1928 |

NLB/71/807 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Prof. [Arthur Stanley] Eddington, FRS | 5 November 1928 |

RR/22/127 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Some problems illustrating the forms of nebulœ' by George Walker Walker | April 1915 |

RR/24/9 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'On the evolution of our galactic system' by Alexander William Bickerton | [March 1917] |

RR/24/26 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'An investigation into the periodicity of measles epidemics in London from 1703 to the present day by the method of the periodogram' by John Brownlee | [December 1917] |

RR/28/48 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Radiative equilibrium: the relation between the spectral energy curve of a star and the law of darkening of the disc towards the limb, special reference to the effects of scattering and the solar spectrum' by Edward Arthur Milne | [June 1922] |

RR/33/16 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Electronic orbits on the relativity theory' by O R Baldwin and G B Jeffery | January 1926 |

RR/28/135 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A generalized vector analysis of four dimensions' by H T Flint | [March 1923] |

RR/50/62 | Referee's report by Charles Galton Darwin, on a paper 'Some properties of the wave equation' by Samuel Roslington Milner | May 1933 |

RR/55/126 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A relativistic basis of the quantum theory III' by H T Flint | March 1935 |

RR/59/74 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Ultimate measurements of space and time' by H T Flint | [August 1936] |

RR/64/89 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'Neutrons, degeneracy and white dwarfs' by D S Kothari | [June 1937] |

NLB/57/655 | Copy letter from Sir James Hopwood Jeans, FRS, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Professor HF [Hugh Frank] Newall, FRS | 7 January 1920 |

NLB/65/527 | Copy letter from Charles [Scott] Sherrington, President of the Royal Society; to the Honourable Sir Arthur Stanley [Eddington], GBE, FRS | 13 November 1923 |

NLB/66/673 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Eddington, FRS | 17 June 1924 |

NLB/66/669 | Copy letter from James Hopwood Jeans, Secretary of the Royal Society; to [Sydney] Chapman | 17 June 1924 |

MDA/A/26/6/60 | Copy of a letter from A S Eddington to F W Lanchester | 15 October 1942 |

RR/48/96 | Referee's report by Arthur Stanley Eddington, on a paper 'A new presentation and interpretation of the quantum equations' by H T Flint | [March 1933] |

## Collection highlights

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