Record

Authorised form of nameMalpighi; Marcello (1628 - 1694); biologist and physician
Other forms of nameMarcellus
Other forms of surnameMalpighius
Dates1628 - 1694
NationalityItalian
Place of birthCrevalcore, Bologna, Papal States [modern day Italy], Europe
Date of birth10 March 1628
Place of deathRome, Papal States [modern day Italy], Europe
Date of death30 November 1694
Dates and placesBurial:
Church of Santi Gregorio e Siro, Bologna, Papal States [modern day Italy], Europe
OccupationPhysician
Research fieldMedicine; microscopic and comparative anatomy; embryology
ActivityEducation:
Entered Bologna where he studied medicine under Peripatetic philosopher Francesco Natali, then under Bartolomeo Massari and Andrea Mariani; MD (1653)
Career:
Lecturer in Logic, University of Bologna until 1656; Professor Theoretical Medicine at Pisa (1656); Extraordinary Lecturer in Theoretical Medicine at Bologna (1659); first Professor of Medicine at Messina (1682); returned to Bolognato lecture in practical medicine (1666); first person to use a simple microscope for anatomical research; Physician to Pope Innocent XII at Rome (1691-1694)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election04/03/1669
Age at election40
ProposerHenry Oldenburg
Other Royal Society activityActed as a correspondent, in particular with Henry Oldenburg;
His botanical and zoological works were later published by the Royal Society (1675 and 1679);
Elected as the first Italian 'foreign member' prior to the official classification
RelationshipsParents: Marcantonio Malpighi and Maria Cremonini
Published worksRCN: 54273
RCN: 54274
RCN: 54275
RCN: 54269
RCN: 54271
General contextMalpighi is an instrumental figure in microscopial anatomy and histology. His name survives in the names of various physiological features, e.g. Malpighian corpuscles. His major works include 'De pulmonibus' (1661) and 'De polypo cordis' (1666), which elucidated blood composition. He also published three volumes on different areas of the nervous system.
Related imagesDiscover a selection of related images in our picture library
Image

Malpighi P0085.jpg

SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB; Biographie Universelle; Hunter
References:
Bolam, J. 1972-3. 'The Botanical Works of Nehemiah Grew, FRS (1641-1712)', in Notes and Records, vol. 27, pp. 219-231
Cavazza, M. 1980. 'Bologna and the Royal Society in the Seventeenth Century', in Notes and Records, vol. 35, pp.105-123
Cavazza, M. 2002. 'The Institute of Science of Bologna and the Royal Society in the eighteenth century', in Notes and Records, vol. 56, pp. 3-25
Gomez Lopez, S. 1997. 'The Royal Society and Post-Galilean Science in Italy', in Notes and Records, vol. 51, pp. 35-44
Hall, M B. 1982-3. 'The Royal Society and Italy 1667-1795', in Notes and Records, vol. 37, pp. 63-81
Heap, B. 2003. 'From the dust of the Earth? Things come to life: spontaneous generation revisited by Henry Harris', in Notes and Records, vol. 57, pp. 107-108
Rivington, C A. 1985-6. 'Addendum. Early Printers to the Royal Society, 1663-1708', in Notes and Records, vol. 40, pp.219-220
S S, C. 1938. 'The Society's Library', in Notes and Records, vol. 1, pp. 21-27
Notes:
DSB gives 10 March 1628 as date of baptism, and gives death date as 29 November 1694.
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/85044
Royal Society codeNA8222
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/002945Malpighi, Marcello2001
IM/002942Malpighi, Marcello1995
IM/002943Malpighi, Marcello2001
IM/002941Malpighi, Marcellond
M/144Malpighi, Marcello1897
EL/O1/54Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi28 December 1667
EL/O2/116Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi7 June 1673
EL/O2/158Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi6 February 1675
EL/O2/167Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi16 February 1677
MM/15/44A duplicate of one of Marcello Malpighi's communications to the Society17th century
EL/O2/77Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi22 February 1672
EL/O2/104Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi18 February 1673
EL/O2/144Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi26 March 1674
EL/O2/29Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi15 July 1670
EL/O2/95Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi1672
EL/O2/94Copy of a letter by Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi1672
CLP/9i/45Paper, 'An account of the earthquakes in Sicilia on the ninth and elevent of January 1692/3' extracted from a letter sent by Vincentius Bonajutus1693
MM/20/55Letter from Thomas Henshaw to Robert Southwell16 May 1682
CLP/9i/44Paper, account of the earthquakes in Italy on 9 and 11 January 1693 by Vincentius Bonajutus1693
IM/002940Malpighi, Marcello2001
LBO/2/41Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg to Marcello Malpighi20 December 1667
NLB/15/354Copy letter from Robert Bellamy Clifton, to the President, Comitato Malpighi, Crevalcore[August 1897]
NLB/15/418Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Dr Dukinfield Henry Scott, Fellow of the Royal Society27 September 1897
NLB/15/692Copy letter from Robert William Frederick Harrison, to Miss Handley, 4 Devonshire Road, Merton, Surrey17 November 1897
LBO/4/49Copy letter from Marcello Malpighi to Henry Oldenburg20 November 1670
IM/002944Malpighi, Marcello2001
NLB/71/398Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr. Pietro Capparoni, Rome [Italy]2 May 1928
CLP/4i/37/5Drawing, the shattering of glass by an anonymous author[1669]
CLP/4i/37/4Drawing, the breaking of a glass medallion by an anonymous author[1669]
CLP/4i/37Paper, 'A philosophical letter to the Grand Duke of Tuscany' by an anonymous author[1669]
CLP/4i/37/3Drawing, the breaking of a glass medallion by an anonymous author[1669]
CLP/4i/37/1Manuscript, 'A philosophical letter to the Grand Duke of Tuscany' by an anonymous author[1669]
EL/O2/69Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi18 January 1672
EL/G1/34Nehemiah Grew, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi1672
EL/O2/9Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi5 August 1669
P/0085Portrait of Malpighi, Marcello
DM/5/100A list of benefactors to the Library, to the value of £5 or upwards at one time c.1737
MS/103Malpighi Collection1668-1693
CLP/4i/37/2Drawing, the breaking of glass by an anonymous author[1669]
EL/G1/35Remarks by Nehemiah Grew about his letter to Marcello Malpighi1672
EL/O1/93Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Marcello Malpighi22 December 1668
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