Record

Authorised form of nameHerschel; Sir; John Frederick William (1792 - 1871); astronomer
Dates1792 - 1871
NationalityBritish
Place of birthSlough, Buckinghamshire, England
Date of birth07 March 1792
Place of deathHis residence, named Collingwood, Hawkhurst, Kent
Date of death11 May 1871
Dates and placesBurial:
Near the grave of Sir Isaac Newton, Westminster Abbey, London
Research fieldAstronomy; physics; chemistry
ActivityEducation:
Eton; St John's College, Cambridge. BA (1813, Senior Wrangler and 1st Smith's prizeman), MA (1816)
Career:
Conducted astronomical observations at the observatory of Sir James South (FRS 1821), Blackman Street, Southwark; travelled in Italy and Switzerland with Charles Babbage (FRS 1816); set up observatory at Feldhausen, near Cape Town, South Africa (1833-1838); Master of the Mint (1850-1855)
Honours:
Kt 1831; Bt 1838
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election27/05/1813
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
Sec 1824-1827; VP 1827-1829, 1838-1840, 1847-1848, 1851-1852
Medals and prizes:
Copley Medal 1821 and 1847; Royal Medal 1833, 1836, 1840
Lectures:
Bakerian 1823
RelationshipsSon of Sir William Herschel (FRS 1781); married Margaret Brodie, daughter of Rev Alexander Stewart of Dingwall, Rosshire; father of Alexander Stewart Herschel (FRS 1884) and of John Herschel (FRS 1871)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1871-1872 vol 20 pp xvii-xxiii signed by T R R
References:
W H Brock, 'The Selection of the Authors of the Bridgewater Treatises' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 162-179
Sir John Craig, 'The Royal Society and the Royal Mint' in NR 1964 vol 19 pp 156-167
Sir Gavin de Beer, ed, 'Some Unpublished Letters of Charles Darwin' in NR 1959 vol 14 pp 12-66
R K Bluhm, 'A Guide to the Archives of the Royal Society and to other Manuscripts in its Possession' in NR 1956-57 vol 12 pp 21-39
L F Gilbert, 'The Election to the Presidency of the Royal Society in 1820' in NR 1954-55 vol 11 pp 256-279
John R Levene, 'Sir George Biddell Airy, FRS (1801-1892) and the Discovery and Correction of Astigmatism' in NR 1966 vol 21 pp 180-199
Geoffrey Cantor, 'In Love With Light', review of Larry J Schaaf, Out of the Shadows. Herschel, Talbot and the Invention of Photography in NR 1993 vol 47 pp 147-149, plate
M V Wilkes, 'Herschel, Peacock, Babbage and the Development of the Cambridge Curriculum' in NR 1990 vol 44 pp 205-219
Margaret Bullard, 'My Small Newtonian Sweeper - Where is it Now?' in NR 1988 vol 42 pp 139-148
Peter J Turvey, 'Sir John Herschel and the Abandonment of Charles Babbage's Difference Engine No. 1' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 165-176
David Gooding, '"He Who Proves, Discovers": John Herschel, William Pepys and the Faraday Effect' in NR 1984-85 vol 39 pp 229-244
Frank A J L James, 'Between Two Scientific Generations: John Herschel's Rejection of the Conservation of Energy in His 1864 Correspondence With William Thomson' in NR 1985-86 vol 40 pp 53-62
Frank A J L James, 'Of "Medals and Muddles". The Context of the Discovery of Thallium: William Crookes's Early Spectro-Chemical Work' in NR 1984-85 vol 39 pp 65-90
Frank A J L James, 'The Conservation of Energy, Theories of Absorption and Resonating Molecules, 1851-1854: G G Stokes, A J Angstrom and W Thomson' in NR 1983-84 vol 38 pp 79-107
Maurice Crosland, 'Explicit Qualifications as a Criterion for Membership of the Royal Society: A Historical Review' in NR 1982-83 vol 37 pp 167-187
Sydney Ross, 'John Herschel on Faraday and on Science' in NR 1978-9 vol 33 pp 77-82
R Sharp, 'Some final thoughts of Sir John Herschel, FRS' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 183-186
M V Wilkes, 'Charles Babbage and his world' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 353-365
K K Schwarz, 'Faraday and Babbage' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp367-381
J Corden, 'Web of Science History' project in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 383-388
M Bolt, 'Colonizing the Heavens. John Herschel's Cape voyage: Private Science, Public Imagination and the Ambitions of Empire by S Ruskin', in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 333-334
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/9887999
Royal Society codeNA8238
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MC/6Volume 6 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1859-1863
MC/8Volume 8 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1867-1869
MM/11/147Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood3 July 1840
MC/9Volume 9 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1870-June 1873
IM/002054Herschel, John Frederick Williamnd
MM/16/142Letter from J W Lubbock, Eaton Place, to Sir John Herschel27 June 1840
MM/16/133Letter from Thomas Bell, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel13 January 1853
AP/3/9Unpublished paper, regarding a geological system by [Friedrich] Parrot[early 19th century]
MC/3Volume 3 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1839-1843
MM/11/144Letter from J W Lubbock to J F W Herschel7 March 1840
MM/14/131Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to Sir John Lubbock6 April 1845
MC/2Volume 2 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1832-1838
MC/4Volume 4 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1844-1850
AP/12/1Unpublished paper, regarding a geometrical problem by unknown author[1826]
MM/11/173Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood17 February 1842
MM/14/57Copy of letter from the Royal Society to JCW Herschel11 August 1943
MM/16/155Letter from Thomas Bell, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel25 October 1852
MM/3/6Portion of letter from J F W Herschelnd
MM/6/74Letter from J F W Herschel, Colnbrook, to John Pond1 November 1821
MM/16/164Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel13 November 1851
MM/11/166Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood28 January 1842
MM/16/143Letter from J W Lubbock, Eaton Place, to Sir John Herschel2 July 1840
MM/14/61Letter from J C W Herschel, Brackley, to Sir Alfred Egerton4 February 1944
MM/16/168Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel21 January 1852
MM/9/3Letter from J F W HerschelNovember 1859
AP/12/21Unpublished letter, on the variation of the magnetic needle from John Jas [James] Rorie to [John Frederick William] Herschel[1820s]
MM/16/144Letter from JD Roberton, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel20 July 1840
MM/16/141Letter from J W Lubbock, Eaton Place, to Sir John Herschel21 June 1840
MM/16/127Letter from R[oderick] I[mpey] Murchison, Belgrave Square, to Sir John Herschel1 March 1850
MM/16/129Letter from RI Murchison, Belgrave Square, to Sir John Herschel16 March 1850
MM/16/128Letter from RI Murchison, Belgrave Square, to Sir John Herschel2 March 1850
MM/16/135Letter from Charles Lyell, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel9 March 1848
MM/19/116Notes on the Huyghens object glassc.1855
MM/16/162Letter from Thomas Bell, Athenaeum, to Sir John Herschel10 May 1852
MM/16/165Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel19 January 1852
MM/11/169Letter from Humphrey Lloyd, Trinity College Dublin, to J F W Herschel1 February 1842
PT/17/5Paper, 'On the action of finely divided platinum on gaseous mixtures, and its application to their analysis' by William Henry6 June 1824
MM/11/142Letter from Steinheil, Munich, to J F W Herschel7 September 1839
MM/11/188Copy of a letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to E Sabine20 February 1847
MM/11/186Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to J F W Herschel24 October 1849
MM/11/170Letter from Humphrey Lloyd, Trinity College Dublin, to J F W Herschel8 February 1842
MM/11/187Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to J F W Herschel26 October 1849
MM/11/171Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to the Physical Committee9 February 1842
MM/15/59Copy of letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to Edward Sabine 1 August 1849
MM/16/130Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel26 June 1850
MM/16/140Letter from JD Roberton, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel18 June 1840
MM/16/166Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel20 January 1852
MM/11/191Draft of a letter from J F W Herschel to Edward Sabinec.1840
DM/3/88Letter from J F W Herschel to Edward Sabinec.1841
MM/16/146Letter from JD Roberton, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel30 November 1841
MM/11/159Letter from J F W Herschel, Tonbridge15 December 1841
MM/11/162Letter from Humphrey Lloyd, Trinity College Dublin, to J F W Herschel11 January 1842
MM/11/184Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to J F W Herschel29 September 1846
MM/11/189Report of a subcommittee of the Physical Committee on the use to which the building 'formerly occupied by the Observatory at Kew' could be put, in case of its being offered to the Societyc.1840
MM/11/164Letter from Edward Sabine, 12 Park Place, to J F W Herschel27 January 1842
MM/11/152Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to C Wheatsone20 December 1840
MM/11/192Letter from J F W Herschel to Edward Sabinec.1842
MM/16/154Letter from Lord Rosse, Parsonstown, to Sir John Herschel21 June 1850
MM/11/185Letter from Humphrey Lloyd, Trinity College Dublin, to J F W Herschel20 October 1846
MM/11/158Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood16 November 1841
MM/11/139Letter from WC Bond, Boston, Massachusetts, to J F W Herschel11 June 1839
MM/11/165Letter from Humphrey Lloyd, Trinity College Dublin, to J F W Herschel27 January 1842
MM/12/77Letter from J F W Herschel to Thomas Bellc. March 1853
MM/11/172Letter from Edward Sabine, 12 Park Place, to J F W Herschel16 February 1842
MM/14/54Letter from J C W Herschel, Brackley, to the Royal Society26 July 1943
MM/16/153Letter from Lord Rosse, Parsonstown, to Sir John Herschel29 October 1849
MM/16/169Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel22 January 1852
MM/11/167Letter from Edward Sabine, 12 Park Place, to J F W Herschel28 January 1842
MM/16/131Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel23 May 1851
MM/16/170Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel23 January 1852
MM/16/160Letter from Edward Sabine, Old Burlington Street, to Sir John Herschel6 March 1852
MM/16/161Letter from Sir John Herschel to Thomas Bell2 May 1852
MM/16/176Letter from Thomas Bell, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel23 April 1852
MM/16/175Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel5 March 1852
MM/16/147Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Sir John Herschel12 November 1838
MM/16/173Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel23 February 1852
MM/16/149Letter from JD Roberton, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel19 July 1841
MM/16/158Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel13 November 1852
MM/16/157Letter from George Gabriel Stokes, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel10 October 1856
DM/3/37Letter from E Daniell, Royal Institution, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society18 May 1827
MM/16/148Letter from G B Airy, Greenwich, to Sir John Herschel16 April 1839
MM/14/62Copy of letter from the Royal Society to Miss Herschel21 February 1944
AP/11/24Unpublished letter, regarding parallel lines and the sum of angles from J [John] Walsh to J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel10 January 1824
MM/16/151Letter from P M Roget, Bernard Street, to Sir John Herschel3 June 1842
MM/16/156Rough draft of a report by George Gabriel Stokes and G B Airy on a paper by Lord Brougham1 November 1852
AP/30/12Total reflexion at surface of any Crystal February 1848
MM/16/159Letter from Edward Cooper, Chesham Street, to Sir John Herschel14 February 1852
MM/16/167Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel20 January 1852
MM/16/163Letter from William Sharpey, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel13 November 1856
AP/12/10Unpublished paper and letter, 'Description of a machine for perpetuating motion' by Joseph Hopkins17 November 1826
DM/1/26Draft of a letter from P M Roget18 March 1831
MM/16/174Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel23 February 1852
MM/16/172Letter from WH Sykes, India House, to Sir John Herschel3 February 1852
MM/16/171Incomplete letter from J F W Herschel to WH Sykes2 February 1852
MM/16/139Letter from Edward Sabine, to Sir John Herschel18 June 1840
MM/16/136Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel10 March 1848
MM/16/134Letter from Edward Sabine, Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel3 March 1848
MM/16/126Letter from RI Murchison, Belgrave Square, to Sir John Herschel11 February 1850
MM/19/113Letter from J F W Herschel to William Sharpey, Secretary, Royal Society6 February 1855
MM/19/106Letter from J F W Herschel to Thomas Bell, Secretary, Southern Telescope Committee18 January 1853
DM/3/32Letter from JT Cooper, 58 Aldersgate Street, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society,20 April 1827
DM/3/38Letter from E Daniell, Royal Institution, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society19 May 1827
DM/4/143Letter from J F W Herschel, Slough, to P M Roget23 February 1831
DM/3/150Letter from Edward Sabine, Portland Place, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society12 May 1825
AP/3/12Unpublished paper, 'Experiments on the heating power of the prismatic rays' by Baden Powell[early 19th century]
DM/3/162Letter from Edward Sabine, London, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society5 May 1825
DM/6/141Letter from J F W Herschel to Thomas Bell28 May 1852
MC/7Volume 7 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1864-1866
DM/6/140Letter from J F W Herschel to Thomas Bell2 May 1852
DM/1/4Letter from J F W Herschel, Slough, to P M Roget5 March 1831
AP/30/13Experiments on the Influence of Magnetism on Polarized Light1848
AP/11/9Unpublished paper, 'On the construction and use of a magnetic balance' by William Snow Harris29 May 1825
AP/23/27On Nobili's Plate of Colours13 January 1840
MM/16/138Letter from James D Forbes, Athenaeum, to Sir John Herschel11 June 1850
AP/23/38Geographical position of the principal points of the Triangulation of Californias and of the Mexican Coasts of the Pacific, with the heights of the principal points of that part of the Cordilleras1839
MM/14/56Letter from JCW Herschel, Slough, to the Royal Society29 July 1943
AP/34/15On a New Method of propagating plants 29/10/1853
MM/14/60Copy of letter from Sir Alfred Egerton to JCW Herschel13 September 1943
MM/14/216Letter from John Frederick William Herschel, Collingwood, to the Royal Society 1 March 1869
MM/14/58Copy of letter from the Royal Society to J C W Herschel20 August 1943
DM/3/26Letter from Michael Faraday, Royal Institution, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society25 April 1826
MM/11/160Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to J F W Herschel25 December 1841
MM/11/163Letter from G B Airy, Royal Observatory, to J F W Herschel18 January 1842
MS/843/17Letter from John Frederick William Herschel, Collingwood, to Edward Sabine 17 May 1862
MC/5Volume 5 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1851-1858
MM/14/55Copy of letter from the Royal Society to J C W Herschel29 July 1943
IM/002050Herschel, John Frederick William1992
MS/251/83Letter from Sir John Herschel to Reverend William Buckland November 1837
P/0063Portrait of Herschel, Sir John Frederick William1843
IM/005888Herschel, John Frederick WilliamMarch 2000
IM/005283Babbage, Charles2001
IM/Maull/002053Herschel, John Frederick Williamnd
IM/Maull/002052Herschel, John Frederick Williamnd
MA/16Meteorological Observations at the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, by John Herschel1836-1837
MM/16/132Letter from John Phillips, Edinburgh, to Sir John Herschel26 July 1850
MC/1Volume 1 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1800-1831
RR/5/7Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the diurnal inequalities of terrestrial magnetism, as deduced from observations made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy[1863]
PT/17/1/1Manuscript, 'Some curious facts respecting the walrus and seal, discovered by the examination of specimens brought to England by the different ships lately returned from the polar circle' by Sir Everard Home in a letter to Sir H [Humphry] Davy11 February 1824
DM/2/102Letter from Stephen Lee, Royal Society, to John Frederick William Herschel20 May 1835
PT/73/4/1Drawing, parabolas by [John Frederick William Herschel][1812?]
RR/1/3Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On an inequality of long period in the motions of the Earth and Venus' by George Biddell Airy[1832]
RR/2/37Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Further experiments on light' by Henry Lord Brougham1 November 1852
RR/2/213Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On periodical laws discoverable in the mean effects of the larger magnetic disturbances' by Edward Sabine11 February 1851
RR/2/235Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On depressions of the wet-bulb thermometer during the hot season at Ahmednuggur, in the Deccan' by William Henry Sykes23 April 1851
RR/2/230Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the change of refrangibility of light' by George Gabriel Stokes21 June 1852
RR/5/8Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'First analysis of one hundred and seventy-seven magnetic storms, registered by the magnetic instruments in the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, from 1841 to 1857' by George Biddell Airy[1864]
RR/1bis/17Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Description of a hydropneumatic baroscope' by John Thomas Cooper[1839]
RR/5/116Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the synchronous distribution of temperature over the earth's surface' by Henry Hennessy12 June 1865
RR/1/75Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the amount of the radiation of heat, at night, from the earth, and from various bodies placed on or near the surface of the earth' by James Glaisher[1847]
RR/1/211Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'An account of experiments on the reflecting telescope' by Lord Oxmantown[c.1840]
RR/1/42Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On different properties of solar radiation producing or preventing a deposit of mercury on silver plates coated with iodine, or compounds with bromine or chlorine, modified by coloured glass media and the vapours of the atmosphere' by Antoine Jean Francois Claudet25 June 1847
RR/1/234Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on two unnamed papers by George Gabriel Stokes and Baden Powell[c.1848]
RR/6/14Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on the Bakerian Lecture 'On the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states of matter' by Thomas Andrews15 July 1869
RR/1/188Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the theory of the dark bands formed in the solar spectrum from partial interception by transparent plates' by Baden Powell21 May 1840
RR/6/146Second referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewynd [1868]
RR/6/149Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Further observations on the spectra of some of the Nebulae, with a mode of determining the brightness of these bodies' by William Huggins23 February 1866
RR/6/101Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics. Heliographical positions and areas of sun-spots observed with the Kew photoheliograph during the years 1862 and 1863' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy14 July 1868
RR/2/237Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'A mathematical theory of magnetism' by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin6 July 1850
DM/2/25Letter from Benjamin Charles Stephenson, Office of Works, to John Frederick William Herschel20 February 1827
RR/1/110Referee's report by John Fredrick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the influence of iodine in rendering several Argentine compounds, spread on paper, sensitive to light, and on a new method of producing, with greater distinctness, the photographic image' by Robert Hunt[1840]
RR/3/251Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Astronomical experiment on the peak of Teneriffe, carried out under the sanction of the lords commissioners of the admiralty' by Charles Piazzi Smyth7 September 1857
RR/4/129Referee's report by Arthur Cayley, on a paper 'On the formulae investigated by Dr. Brinkley for the general term in the development of Lagrange’s expression for the summation of series and for successive integrations' by John Frederick William Herschel27 July 1860
RR/7/27Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Researches on solar physics - No. II. The positions and areas of the spots observed at Kew during the years 1864, 1865, 1866, also the spotted area the sun's visible disk from the commencement of 1832 up to May 1868' by Warren De La Rue, Balfour Stewart and Benjamin Loewy4 April 1870
PT/23/9Paper, 'Description of an astronomical clock invented by the late Capt Henry Kater FRS, drawn up from his own memorandums' by Edward Kater[1840]
PT/23/8Paper, 'On the influence of iodine, in rendering several argentine compounds, spread on paper, sensitive to light; and, on a new method of producing, with greater distinctness, the photographic image' by Robert Hunt5 May 1840
PT/23/3Paper, 'Further particulars of the fall of the Cold Bokkeveld meteorite' by Thomas Maclear in a letter to Sir John [Frederick William] Herschel20 November 1839
PT/26/13Paper, 'Postscript' by John Frederick William Herschel29 August 1842
MC/1/71Letter from Davies Gilbert, Treasurer of the Royal Society, East Bourne, to the Royal Society 19 July 1821
PT/18/5Paper, 'Re-examination of seven double stars made whilst the former part of this communication was in the press' by James SouthFebruary-March 1826
PT/10/26Paper, 'On the fluents of irrational functions' by Edward French Bromhead[1816]
PT/12/9Paper, 'On circulating functions and on the integration of a class of equations of finite differences into which they enter as coefficients' by John F W [Frederick William] HerschelNovember 1817
PT/30/10Paper, 'Investigation of an an [sic] extensive class of partial differential equations of the second order, in which the equation of Laplace's functions is included' by G W [George Whitehead] Hearne[1846]
MS/426/228Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel6 November 1846
PT/26/12Letter, regarding postscript for paper on solar rays acting upon vegetable colours from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel to unknown recipient23 July 1842
PT/38/5Paper, 'On the algebraic expression of the number of special partitions of which a given number is susceptible' by Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel17 April 1850
PT/17/8Plates, corresponding to paper titled 'Experimental inquiries relative to the distribution and changes of the magnetic intensity, in ships of war' by George Harvey[1824]
PT/32/10/2Plate, arrangements of magnets used in apparatus by George Whitehead Hearn[1847]
PT/14/6Paper, 'On the action of crystallised bodies on homogeneous light, and on the causes of the deviation from Newton's scale in the tints which many of them develope [sic] on exposure to a polarised ray' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel[1819]
PT/26/11Paper, 'On the action of the rays of the solar spectrum on vegetable colours' by Sir John F W [Frederick William] Herschel13 June 1842
MS/426/381Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Bart8 June 1849
PT/8/23Paper, 'Consideration of various points of analysis on the calculus of generating functions' by John F W [Frederick William] Herschel29 January 1814
PT/61/3Note, from 'On the formulæ investigated by Dr Brinkley for the general term in the development of Lagrange's expression for the summation of series and for successive integrations' by A [Arthur] Cayley[1860]
PT/30/8/2Plate, figures 1-3 showing pomegranate juice exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/18/8Observations, 'Observations made at the Royal Observatory at Paris' by L MathieuJuly 1825
PT/17/10Paper, 'A short account of some observations made with chronometers in two expeditions sent out by the Admiralty at the recommendation of the Board of Longitude for ascertaining the longitude of Madeira and of Falmouth' in a letter from Dr J L [John Lewis] Tiarks to Thomas Young[1824]
PT/18/7Paper, 'Account of a series of observations made in the summer of the year 1825 for the purpose of determining the difference of meridians of the Royal Observatories of Greenwich and Paris' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel2 November 1825
PT/18/9Paper, 'Observations made at the top of the Royal Observatory Greenwich on the rockets at Wrotham [Kent]' by John Frederick William HerschelJuly 1825
PT/29/3Paper, 'Aµóρфωτɑ. No 1, On a case of superficial colour presented by a homogeneous liquid internally colourless' by Sir John Frederick William Herschel25 January 1845
PT/29/4Paper, 'Aµóρфωτɑ. No 2. On the epipŏlic dispersion of light, being a supplement to a paper entitled "On a case of superficial colour presented by a homogeneous liquid internally colourless"' by Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel1 February 1845
MS/426/95Copy letter from Lord Northampton [Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton] President of the Royal Society; to the Right Hon. Earl Heddington [George Baillie-Hamilton-Arden]13 June 1844
MS/426/293Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir John [Frederick William] Herschel; to G B [George Biddell] Airy Esq; to Sir B [Benjamin Collins] Brodie; to Leonard Horner1 November 1847
PT/22/7Paper, 'An account of the fall of a meteoric stone, in the Cold Bokkeveld, Cape of Good Hope' by Thos [Thomas] Maclear in a letter to Sir John F W [Frederick William] Herschel24 November 1838
PT/10/3Paper, 'On the developement [sic] of exponential functions; together with several new theorems relating to finite differences' by John Frederick W [William] Herschel17 November 1815
MS/426/279Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir J [John Frederick] Herschel21 May 1847
MS/426/345Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir J F [John Frederick William] Herschel Esq17 November 1848
MS/426/347Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir J F W [John Wiliam Frederick] Herschel 20 November 1848
MS/426/160Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Lieut Col [Edward] Sabine12 November 1845
PT/23/1Paper, 'On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver and other substances both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photographic processes' by Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel[1840]
PT/27/1Paper, 'On certain improvements on photographic processes described in a former communication' by Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel in a letter to S [Samuel] Hunter Christie15 November 1842
MS/426/88Copy letter from Northampton [Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton] President of the Royal Society; to the Chairman of the Court of Directors [of the East India Company]2 May 1844
MS/426/492Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel25 November 1853
PT/7/2Paper, 'On a remarkable application of Cotes's theorem' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel6 October 1812
MC/1/150Letter from Edmund Robert Daniell, [Secretary of the Royal Institution], to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Secretary of the Royal Society14 May 1827
PT/61/2Paper, 'On the formulæ investigated by Dr Brinkley for the general term in the development of Lagrange's expression for the summation of series and for successive integrations' by [John Frederick William Herschel]20 April 1860
MS/426/433Copy letter from S [Samuel] Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society; to Dr Lloyd; to [George Biddell] Airy; to Sir D [David] Brewster; to J [John Frederick William] Herschel; to Prof [James David] Forbes; W H [William Hallowes] Miller; Baden Powell; and Dr Thewell16 November 1850
MS/426/7Copy letter from Lord Northampton [Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton] President of the Royal Society; to the Right Honourable, the Master General of the Ordnance [Richard Hussey Vivian?]11 January 1841
MS/426/351Copy letter from Lord Northampton [Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton] President of the Royal Society; and J F W [John William Frederick] Herschel; to the Earl of Auckland [George Eden]18 November 1848
IM/005401Herschel, John Frederick William1995
MM/10/86Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to Sir Edward Sabine3 October 1870
MM/10/86ATranscript of a letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood, to Sir Edward Sabine 1870
DM/2/135Letter from William Tooke, Grays Inn, to J F W Herschel3 May 1825
IM/002055Herschel, John Frederick Williamnd
MM/19/54Letter from Edward Sabine to William Sharpey, Secretary, Royal Society7 August
DM/4/135Babbage Engine Committee, "Report of the Committee...to consider the subject referred to in Mr Stewart's letter, relative to Mr Babbage's calculating engine, & to report thereon"1829
MM/16/124Letter from WS Harris, Plymouth, to Sir John Herschel26 November 1851
EC/1813/05Herschel, Sir John Frederick William: certificate of election to the Royal Society
DM/3/39Description of some experiments by J F W Herschel1827
MM/9/45Letter from TR Robinson, Armagh Observatory, to Edward Cooper7 June 1838
MM/16/152Letter from JD Roberton, Royal Society, to Sir John Herschel3 November 1843
MM/16/125'Abstract of papers by the Hon H Cavendish', by WS Harris1851
DM/3/17Letter from Michael Faraday, Royal Institution, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society7 November 1825
DM/3/49ALetter from JT Cooper, Lambeth, to J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society17 November 1827
DM/3/49BLetter from J F W Herschel, Secretary, Royal Society, to JT Cooper19 November 1827
MM/14/59Letter from JCW Herschel, Brackley, to Sir Alfred Egerton24 August 1943
AP/23/11Comparative observations made with a Mountain Barometer and Compensating Barometer7 March 1839
DM/4/106Letter from J F W Herschel to P M Roget, Secretary, Royal Society23 December 1830
CMB/42/2/4Minutes, meeting of the Royal Medal Committee in Astronomy13 April 1833
MM/16/137Letter from James D Forbes, Athenaeum, to Sir John Herschel4 June 1840
IM/005282Herschel, John Frederick William2001
RR/5/117Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'On the theory of the motion of glaciers' by William Hopkins21 June 1862
RR/5/234Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'A comparison of the most notable disturbances of the magnetic declination in 1858 and 1859 at Kew and at Nertschinsk; preceded by a brief retrospective view of the progress of the investigation into the laws and causes of the magnetic disturbances' by Edward Sabine24 May 1864
MS/426/278Copy of the Memorial from Joseph H [Henry] Kay, Lieut R N, Director of the Magnetic Observatory; to the President of the Royal Society30 November 1846
MS/426/474Copy letter from C R [Charles Richard] Weld, the Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to Sir Charles Young1 November 1852
MM/11/155Letter from J F W Herschel, Collingwood11 May 1841
DM/3/117Letter from Lt Col William Reid, Royal Enginerrs, to J F W Herschel3 January 1839
IM/005909Herschel, John Frederick Williamnd
RR/2/192Referee's report by John Frederick William Herschel, on a paper 'Remarks on certain points in experiments on the diffraction of light' by Baden PowellDecember 1851
MS/279Catalogue of nebulae observed by William Herschel, compiled by Caroline Lucretia Herschel1800
MS/272Nebulae sweep books of William Herschel1783-1802
HSHerschel Papers1812-1870
IM/002051Herschel, John Frederick Williamnd
MC/1/144Letter from Richard Clarke, Browns Gas Vacuum Engine Manufactory, Old Brompton, to the Royal Society8 August 1826
MC/1/145Letter from Thomas Lindall Winthrop, Boston, to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Secretary of the Royal Society12 September 1826
MC/1/146Letter from William Thomas Brande, Secretary of the Royal Society, Grafton Street, to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Secretary of the Royal Society26 October 1826
MC/1/151Letter from H.C. Lang, 136 Fetter Lane, London, to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Secretary of the Royal Society16 May 1827
MC/1/152Letter from Stephen Lee, [Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society], 14 Kensington Square, to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Secretary of the Royal Society30 May 1827
MC/1/153Letter from R. Byham, Office of Ordnance, to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Secretary of the Royal Society26 November 1827
MC/1/211Letter from [John Frederick William] Herschel, Slough, to Davies Gilbert, President of the Royal Society21 March 1830
PT/14/6/1Manuscript, 'On the action of crystallised bodies on homogeneous light, and on the causes of the deviation from Newton's scale in the tints which many of them develope [sic] on exposure to a polarised ray' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel[1819]
PT/14/6/2Plate, polarised light rings and tints of crystals by [John Frederick William Herschel][1819]
PT/14/6/3Plate, arrangement of lenses for viewing crystals by [John Frederick William Herschel][1819]
PT/15/17Paper, 'On the aberrations of compound lenses and object-glasses' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel19 February 1821
PT/15/17/1Manuscript, 'On the aberrations of compound lenses and object-glasses' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel19 February 1821
PT/15/17/2Plate, diagrams of compound lenses and focal distances by [John Frederick William Herschel]19 February 1821
PT/15/20Paper, 'On the separation of iron from other metals' by J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel4 April 1821
PT/17/9/1Manuscript, 'Experiments on the elasticity and strength of hard and soft steel' in a letter from Thomas Tredgold to Thomas Young16 December 1823
PT/22/8Paper, 'Chemical account of the Cold Bokkeveld meteoric stone' by Michael Faraday in a letter to Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel28 February 1839
PT/23/1/1Manuscript, 'On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver and other substances both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photographic processes' by Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel[1840]
PT/23/1/2Plate, luminous and photographic spectra by John Frederick William Herschel[1840]
PT/23/9/1Manuscript, 'Description of an astronomical clock invented by the late Capt Henry Kater FRS, drawn up from his own memorandums' by Edward Kater[1840]
PT/23/9/2Plate, shape of card used in escapement by Edward Kater[1840]
PT/26/12/1Letter, regarding postscript for paper on solar rays acting upon vegetable colours from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel to unknown recipient23 July 1842
PT/26/12/2Plate, 'Specimens of some of the actual spectra described in Sir J [John] Herschel's paper' by unknown artist[1842]
PT/26/12/3Plate, 'Specimens of chrysotype, or aurophotography, illustrative of art' by unknown artist[1842]
PT/26/12/4Plate, cyanotype of a ship and two boats by unknown artist[1842]
PT/26/12/5Plate, undeveloped crysotypes by unknown artist[1842]
PT/30/8Extract, 'On the action of the rays of the spectrum on vegetable juices' from a letter from Mrs M [Mary?] Somerville to Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel20 September 1845
AP/12/1/1Unpublished manuscript, regarding a geometrical problem by unknown author[1826]
PT/30/8/3Plate, figures 4-5 showing globe amaranthus petal juice and plumbago auriculata petal juice exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/4Plate, figure 6 showing salted beet juice exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/5Plate, figures 7-11 showing beet juice, rose verbena juice, nasturtium juice, and scarlet geranium petal juice exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/6Plate, figures 12-13 showing scarlet geranium juice with acid and scarlet balsam petal juice with acid exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/7Plate, figures 14-15 showing dahlia juice with water and acid exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/8Plate, figures 16-17 showing scarlet geranium juice with carbonate of soda and dahlia juice with salt, quinine, and nitric acid exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/9Plate, figures 18-20 showing scarlet zinnia petal juice with distilled water exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
PT/30/8/10Plate, figures 21-22 showing walnut juice and fig juice exposed to the sun by M [Mary?] Somerville20 September 1845
AP/12/1/2Unpublished diagrams, parallel lines on a base by unknown artist[1826]
MC/2/51Letter from [Sir John Frederick William] Herschel, Slough, to John George Children, Secretary of the Royal Society20 October 1832
MC/2/182Letter from Charles Wheatstone, 20 Conduit Street, to Dr. [Peter Mark] Roget, [Secretary of the Royal Society]16 July 1835
MC/3/27Letter from Richard Jenkins and [William Butterworth] Bayley, East India House, to the Marquis of Northampton [President of the Royal Society]10 June 1839
MC/3/47Draft letter from Humphrey Lloyd, London, to John Herschel 30 October 1839
MC/3/49Letter from Edward Sabine, 3 St James's Place, to John Herschel 7 November 1839
MC/3/120Letter from Major Edward Sabine, London, to Sir John Herschel25 November 1840
MC/3/202Letter from George Biddell Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to Sir John F.W. Herschel22 January 1842
MC/3/204Letter from Sir John F.W. Herschel, Collingwood, to the Royal Society27 January 1842
MC/3/208Letter from Colonel Edward Sabine, 12 Park Place, St James's, to Sir John [William] Lubbock, [Treasurer of the Royal Society]14 March 1842
MC/3/218Letter from Sir John F.W. Herschel, Collingwood, Hawkhurst, to the Secretary of the Physical Committee of the Royal Society1 June 1842
MC/3/269Letter from Richard Taylor, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, to Sir John F.W. Herschel 8 March 1843
MC/3/270Letter from Sir John F.W. Herschel, Collingwood, to Dr. [Peter Mark] Roget, Secretary of the Royal Soiety9 March 1843
MC/3/291Letter from Sir John F W [Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to the Marquis of Northampton, [President of the Royal Society]21 June 1843
MC/3/306Letter from Sir John F.W. Herschel, Collingwood, to the Royal Society19 October 1843
MC/4/21Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Sabine, [Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society], Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel29 April 1844
MC/4/24Letter from James [Cosmo] Melvill, East India House, to the Marquis of Northampton, [President of the Royal Society]16 May 1844
MC/4/31Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Sabine, [Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society], Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel11 June 1844
MC/4/32Letter from to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Collingwood, Hawkhurtst, Kent, to the Chairman of the Committee of Physics, Royal Society12 June 1844
MC/4/34Letter from Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Collingwood, to the Marquis of Northampton, [President of the Royal Society]21 June 1844
MC/4/33Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Sabine, [Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society], Woolwich, to Sir John Herschel and the Chairman of the Committee for conducting the British Cooperation in Magnetic researches17 June 1844
MC/4/59Letter from Wilhelm Mahlmann, 22 Alte Leipziger Strasse, Berlin, to Sir John Frederick William Herschel, President of the Physical and Meteorological Committee of the Royal Society15 March 1845
MC/4/92Letter from Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Collingwood, to the Marquis of Northampton, [President of the Royal Society]2 November 1845
MC/4/296Letter from Sir [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to Colonel [Edward] Sabine, [Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society]1 November 1849
MC/4/340Letter from [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to the Royal Society10 April 1850
MC/4/373Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, 32 Harley Street, to the Earl of Rosse, [President of the Royal Society]28 December 1850
PT/75/2/9Drawings, spectra of various substances by [John Frederick William Herschel?][1842]
MC/5/128Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, 32 Harley Street, to C R [Charles Richard] Weld, [Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society]28 November 1853
MC/5/158Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Harley Street, to Lord Rosse, [President of the Royal Society]24 March 1854
MC/5/164Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, 32 Harley Street, to J [John] Gassiot24 April 1854
MC/5/364Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to Edward Sabine, [Treasurer of the Royal Society]24 October 1858
MC/5/380Letter from G B [George Biddell] Airy, Royal Observatory Greenwich, to Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel21 December 1858
MC/5/381Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to Professor [Richard] Owen22 December 1858
MC/6/210Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to Professor [George Gabriel] Stokes, Secretary of the Royal Society3 March 1862
MC/6/244Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to General [Edward] Sabine, [President of the Royal Society]15 August 1862
AP/11/9/1Unpublished manuscript, 'On the construction and use of a magnetic balance' by William Snow Harris29 May 1825
PT/30/8/1Extract, 'On the action of the rays of the spectrum on vegetable juices' from a letter from Mrs M [Mary?] Somerville to Sir J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel20 September 1845
AP/12/10/1Unpublished manuscript, 'Description of a machine for perpetuating motion' by Joseph Hopkins17 November 1826
AP/12/10/2Unpublished diagrams, perpetual motion machine by Joseph Hopkins17 November 1826
AP/12/10/3Unpublished letter, regarding a perpetual motion machine from Joseph Hopkins to J F [John Frederick William] Herschel17 November 1826
MC/7/99Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to General [Edward] Sabine, [President of the Royal Society]16 June 1864
MC/7/204Letter from J [James] South, Observatory Kensington, to W [Walter] White, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society9 May 1865
MC/8/100Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to [Sir Edward Sabine], President of the Royal Society and to the Council29 October 1867
MC/8/186Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Bangalore, to Professor G G [George Gabriel] Stokes, Secretary of the Royal Society4 May 1868
MC/9/63Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to Sir E [Edward] Sabine, [President of the Royal Society]28 April 1870
MC/9/96Letter from J F W [John Frederick William] Herschel, Collingwood, to the Chairman of the Eclipse Committee of the Royal Society13 June 1870
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