Record

Authorised form of nameLavoisier; Antoine Laurent (? 1743 - 1794)
SurnameLavoisier
ForenamesAntoine Laurent
Dates? 1743 - 1794
NationalityFrench
Dates and placesBirth:
Paris, France (13, 16 or 26 August 1643, or 1645)
Death:
Paris, France (08 May 1794)
ActivityResearch Field:
Chemistry, physiology, geology, economics, social reform
Career:
Farmer-general; his explanation of calcination and combustion has led him to be considered a founder of modern chemistry; guillotined
Memberships:
Academy of Sciences, Paris (1768)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
3/04/1788
RelationshipsHis wife married Benjamin Thompson (FRS 1779) as her second husband
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB
References:
Nicole Kurtz-Newell, 'Lavoisier, Scientist and Public Figure', review of Arthur Donovan, Antoine Lavoisier: Science, Administration and Revolution in NR 1997 vol 51 pp 144-146
Stephen F Mason, 'From Phlogiston to Caloric and Oxygen', review of Arthur Donovan, Antoine Lavoisier: Science, Administration, and Revolution in NR 1995 vol 49 pp 338-340, plate
Alan Q Morton, 'Previous Public Perceptions of Science', review of Larry Stewart, The Rise of Public Science: Rhetoric, Technology and Natural Philosophy in Newtonian Britain, 1660-1750 and Jan Golinski, Science as Public Culture: Chemistry and Enlightenment in Britain, 1760-1820 in NR 1994 vol 48 pp 157-159
Stephen F Mason, 'Jean Hyacinthe de Magellan, FRS, and the Chemical Revolution of the Eighteenth Century' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 155-164
Jennifer S Pugh and John Hudson, 'The Chemical Work of James Watt, FRS' in NR 1985-86 vol 40 pp 41-52
David F Larder, 'An Unpublished Chemical Essay of James Watt' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 193-210
W A Smeaton, 'Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, FRS (1737-1816) and his Relations with British Scientists' in NR 1967 vol 22 pp 113-130
Denis I Duveen, 'Lavoisier Writes to Fourcroy from Prison' in NR 1958 vol 13 pp 59-60
N G Coley, 'George Pearson MD, FRS (1751-1828): 'The greatest chemist in England'? in NR 2003 vol 57 pp
161-175
W P Griffith and P J T Morris, 'Charles Hatchett FRS (1765 - 1847), chemist and discoverer of niobium' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 299 - 316
P Fara, 'Measuring mistakes. The measure of all things: the seven year odyssey that transformed the world, by K Adler' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 350 - 351
N Coley, 'The Making of a Hero of Science, Marco Beretta, Imaging a career in science: the iconography of Antoine Lauren Lavoisier' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 233-234
M Crosland, 'Relationships between the Royal Society and the Academie des Sciences in the late eighteenth century' in NR 2005 vol 59 pp 25-34
Notes:
Index to BR gives birth date as '16/26 Aug 1743'; Pogg gives these alternatives, as well as 26 Aug 1745; BR gives 13 Aug 1743, with 26 written above 13; DSB also gives 26
Royal Society codeNA8248
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/002649Lavoisier, Antoine Laurentnd
IM/002648Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent1991
IM/002647Lavoisier, Antoine Laurentnd
CB/2/537Copy of a letter from Charles Blagden to Lavoisier30 June 1791
IM/002646Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent1993
MM/5/28Letter from Joseph Priestley, Birmingham, to Josiah Wedgwood16 February 1791
MM/5/25Letter from Joseph Priestley, Birmingham, to Josiah Wedgwood18 August 1788
MM/5/29Letter from Joseph Priestley, Birmingham, to Josiah Wedgwood26 February 1791
CB/1/1/215Letter from Claude Louis Berthollet, Paris to Charles Blagden6 September 1784
CB/1/2/10Letter from Charles Blagden, Paris to Joseph Banks, Soho Square, London27 June 1783
CB/1/3/194Letter from Antoine Lavoisier, Paris, to Charles Blagden30 April 1789
NLB/10/660Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to the Secretary, Academy of Sciences Institute, Paris15 January 1895
NLB/10/657Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr Armstrong, Fellow of the Royal Society14 January 1895
NLB/10/650Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor Wyndham Rowland Dunstan, Fellow of the Royal Society12 January 1895
NLB/10/649Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt], Fellow of the Royal Society12 January 1895
NLB/10/658Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Monsieur le Secrétaire, Academie des Sciences de L'Institute de France, Paris14 January 1895
NLB/10/892Copy letter from Michael Foster, to Monsieur Gauthier-Villars, Treasurer, Lavoisier Memorial Committee, 55 Quair des Augustins, Paris27 February 1895
NLB/10/1057Copy letter from Michael Foster, to Monsieur Gauthier-Villars, Treasurer of the Lavoisier Memorial Committee, 55 Quai des Augustins, Paris11 February 1895
IM/002650Lavoisier, Antoine Laurentnd
EC/1787/38Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent: certificate of election to the Royal Society
CB/1/1/214Letter from Claude Louis Berthollet to Charles Blagden10 April 1784
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