Record

Authorised form of nameTyndall; John (1820 - 1893); natural philosopher
Dates1820 - 1893
NationalityBritish
Place of birthLeighlin Bridge, County Carlow, Ireland
Date of birth02 August 1820
Place of deathHindhead, Surrey
Date of death04 December 1893
Research fieldNatural philosophy
Microbiology
ActivityEducation:
PhD
Career:
Worked as a Surveyor with the Ordnance Survey in Ireland from 1839, then to northern England, being dismissed for complaints about pay and conditions in November 1843. Railway Surveyor in Manchester and Halifax 1844-1847. Joined staff of Queenswood Schook in Hampshire in August 1847. Taught at Queenwood College, Hampshire (to 1853). Went with Edward Frankland to Marburg in 1848 to study in Robert Bunsen's laboratory for a Ph.D. where he first heard of diamagnetism. In 1859, his laboratory experiments showed that water vapour and carbon dioxide absorb infra-red radiation and that they could therefore affect the climate of the Earth. As soon as his paper was published in 1861 in the 'Proceedings of the Royal Society', he put out a press release for the London newspapers explaining that this result implied that all past climate changes were now understood and all future climate changes could be predicted simply from a knowledge of the concentrations of these 'greenhouse' gases. Tyndall restricted himself to describing his experiments and simply linking it to work of Fourier a few decades earlier. It took more than a century before the credible quantitative estimates of these effects and their influence on past and possibly future climates were made, along with good enough observations of the gases to know that they have (and continue) to change significantly.

The beginning of climate science's history starts with John Tyndall, who first established the concept of a greenhouse gas. In the 1850s, Tyndall showed that certain gases, particularly carbon dioxide and water vapour, had the distinctive property of being highly transparent to visible light, but mostly opaque to the infrared.

In the Earth's atmosphere, these gases allow light to come in from the Sun, but trap heat. Tyndall understood this is a very important fact about the Earth, because without this natural greenhouse effect, the Earth would be as cold as the Moon or Mars.
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election03/06/1852
Royal Society activityRoyal Society roles:
VP 1879-1880
Medals and prizes:
Rumford Medal 1864
Lectures:
Bakerian 1855, 1861, 1864, 1881
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB
Obituaries:
Proc Roy Soc 1894 vol 55 pp xviii-xxxiv signed by E F
References:
Sir Brian Pippard, FRS, 'Schoolmaster-Fellows and the campaign for science education' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 63-81
J W Haas, 'The Reverend Dr William Henry Dallinger, FRS (1839-1909)' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 53-65
Maria Yamalidou, 'John Tyndall, the Rhetorician of Molecularity. Part One. Crossing the Boundary Towards the Invisible' in NR 1999 vol 53 pp 231-242, plate
Maria Yamalidou, 'John Tyndall, the Rhetorician of Molecularity. Part Two. Questions Put to Nature' in NR 1999 vol 53 pp 319-331
Roy M MacLeod, 'Of Medals and Men: A Reward System in Victorian Science 1826-1914' in NR 1971 vol 26 pp 81-105
J S Rowlinson, 'The Theory of Glaciers' in NR 1971 vol 26 pp 189-204
J T Lloyd, 'Background to the Joule-Mayer Controversy' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 211-225, plate
Roy M MacLeod, 'The X-Club: A Social Network of Science in Late-Victorian England' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 305-322
J S Rowlinson, 'A national treasure house. <i>'The common purposes of life': science and society at the Royal Institution of Great Britain</i> ed Frank A J L James ' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 105-106
Vanity Fair 06 April 1872
Roland Jackson, 'John Tyndall and the Royal Medal that was never struck' in NR 2014 vol 68, no 2, pp 151-164
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/46802617
Royal Society codeNA8293
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
MS/377/1/157Lecture notes by John Tyndallno date
MS/769/111Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Walter White13 November [1862 wm]
P/0196Portrait of Tyndall, John
MS/769/104Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to [Walter White]3 February 1883
MS/769/115Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Walter White21 December 1881
MS/769/106Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Walter Whitend
EC/1852/13Tyndall, John: certificate of election to the Royal Society
MS/769/109Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to [Walter White]18 February ny
MS/769/105Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to George Gabriel Stokes6 March 1883
MS/769/110Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to George Gabriel Stokes14 March ny
MS/377/1/155Lecture notes by John Tyndallno date
MS/769/112Letter from John Tyndall, Hind Head, to [Walter White]27 November ny
MS/769/108Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Thomas Henry Huxley15 February 1877
MS/769/113Letter from John Tyndall, Hind Head, to Walter White30 June ny
MS/769/114Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to [Walter White]6 December ny
IM/004697Tyndall, John
MM/9/20Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to RT Lewisc.1862
IM/004696Tyndall, Johnnd
MM/9/19Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to RT Lewis27 March 1862
MM/14/26'Report of the Commission appointed to consider the subject of lighting picture galleries by gas' 20 July 1859
P/0133Portrait of Tyndall, John1893-1894
IM/Maull/004689Tyndall, Johnnd
IM/004690Tyndall, Johnnd
MS/743/1/89Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution of Great Britain, to [John Hall] Gladstone23 June 1876
MS/743/1/182Letter from John Tyndall, Queenwood, to [John Hall] GladstoneNo date
MS/743/1/183Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution of Great Britain, to [John Hall] Gladstone18 November [no year]
IM/004694Tyndall, Johnnd
IM/004693Tyndall, Johnnd
RR/4/266Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the motions of camphor on the surface of water' by Charles Tomlinson15 March 1862
NLB/4/904Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor John Tyndall, Fellow of the Royal Society22 November 1890
NLB/3/1091Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor John Tyndall, Fellow of the Royal Society9 January 1890
NLB/6/832Copy letter from an unknown correspondent, to Harrison & Sons20 July 1892
NLB/7/357Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Dr John Tyndall, Fellow of the Royal Society27 January 1893
NLB/5/1092Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Professor John Tyndall, Fellow of the Royal Society4 January 1892
NLB/8/1002Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Monsieur Henri Taffe, 2, rue Adelaide, Nice, Alpes Maritimes, France9 February 1894
NLB/11/915Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mrs Tyndall, Hindhead House, Haslemere, Surrey4 November 1895
NLB/11/121Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Herrn Professor Dr Georg W A Kahlbaum, Basel, Switzerland25 April 1895
NLB/11/989Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mrs Tyndall, Hindhead House, Haslemere, Surrey13 November 1895
RR/3/268Referee's report by William Hopkins, on a paper 'On some physical properties of ice' by John Tyndall9 March 1858
RR/3/197Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the electric-conducting power of the metals' by Augustus Matthiessen20 February 1858
RR/2/249Referee's report by William Allen Miller, on a paper 'On molecular influences.—Part I. Transmission of heat through organic structures' by John Tyndall28 March 1853
RR/3/185Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the formation of continuous tabular masses of stony lava on steep slopes; with remarks on the mode of origin of Mount Etna, and the theory of craters of elevation' by Charles Lyell9 October 1858
RR/4/32Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the expansion of metals and alloys' by Frederick Crace Calvert and G C Lowe18 June 1860
RR/3/266Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin on a paper 'Further researches on the polarity of the diamagnetic force' by John Tyndall20 February 1856
RR/3/269Referee's report by John Phillips, on a paper 'On some physical properties of ice' by John Tyndall19 March 1858
PT/50/1/2Plate, two movable poles and cube of wood by John Tyndall[1854]
RR/4/181Referee's report by John Tyndall, on an appendix of the paper 'On the theory of compound colours, and the relations of the colours of the spectrum' by James Clerk Maxwell10 May 1860
RR/3/267Referee's report by John Phillips, on a paper 'On the structure and motion of glaciers' by John Tyndall and Thomas Henry Huxley16 March 1857
RR/4/272Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin on a paper 'On the absorption and radiation of heat by gaseous matter - Second memoir' by John Tyndall19 April 1861
RR/7/497Referee's report by Alexander William Williamson, on a paper 'The optical deportment of the atmosphere in relation to the phenomena of putrefaction and infection' by John Tyndall19 May 1876
RR/7/79Referee's report by William Hallowes Miller, on a paper 'On the action of rays of high refrangibility upon gaseous matter' by John Tyndall[1870]
RR/5/275Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on the Bakerian Lecture 'Contributions to molecular physics.— Being the fifth memoir of researches on radiant heat' by John Tyndall23 March 1863
RR/6/306Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Experimental researches in magnetism and electricity' by Henry Wilde19 May 1866
RR/6/303Referee's report by James Clerk Maxwell, on a paper 'Sixth memoir on radiation and absorption.— Influence of colour and mechanical condition on radiant heat' by John Tyndall22 February 1866
RR/3/110Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the stratifications and dark band in electrical discharges as observed in Torricellian vacua' by John Peter Gassiot25 May 1858
RR/7/350Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on a paper 'On the atmosphere as a vehicle of sound' by John Tyndall2 March 1874
RR/7/351Referee's report by Robert Bellamy Clifton, on a paper 'On the atmosphere as a vehicle of sound' by John Tyndall17 March 1874
RR/7/78Referee's report by William Allen Miller, on a paper 'On the action of rays of high refrangibility upon gaseous matter' by John Tyndall24 February 1870
RR/7/496Referee's report by Thomas Henry Huxley, on a paper 'The optical deportment of the atmosphere in relation to the phenomena of putrefaction and infection' by John Tyndall10 April 1876
RR/9/66Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Experimental researches on the propagation of heat by conduction in bone, brain-tissue, and skin' by J S Lombard23 May 1882
RR/9/95Referee's report by William Crookes, on a paper 'Action of free molecules on radiant heat, and its conversion thereby into sound' by John Tyndall28 February 1882
RR/10/13Letter from John Tyndall, to John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh, regarding a paper [attributed] 'On radiation from dull and bright surfaces' by James Thomson Bottomley6 July 1887
RR/6/120Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Results of observations of atmospheric electricity at Kew Observatory, and at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia' by Joseph David Everett26 March 1868
NLB/62/462Copy letter from Francis Alexander Towle, Assistant Secretary of the Royal Society; to the Assistant Secretary of the British Association17 February 1922
RR/4/174Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the effect of the presence of metals and metalloids upon the electric conducting power of pure copper' by Augustus Matthiessen26 May 1860
RR/4/264Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the nature of the action of fired gunpowder' by Lynall Thomas17 January 1859
RR/4/270Referee's report by William Hopkins, on a paper 'On the veined structure of glaciers; with observations upon white ice-seams, air-bubbles and dirt-bands, and remarks upon glacier theories' by John Tyndall12 April 1859
MS/426/471Note of a letter from [the Secretaries of] the Royal Society; to various Fellows15 July 1852
IM/004692Tyndall, John1872 ?
IM/004695Tyndall, John1999
IM/004691Tyndall, Johnnd
MS/743/1/6Letter from John Tyndall, Queenwood, to Dr [John Hall] Gladstone17 August 1851
NLB/3/916List of corrections in the addresses of Royal Society Fellows8 November 1889
NLB/11/871Copy letter from Herbert Rix, to Mrs Tyndall, Hindhead House, Haslemere22 October 1895
RR/2/248Second referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'On molecular influences.—Part I. Transmission of heat through organic structures' by John Tyndall22 March 1853
RR/3/270Referee's report by William Hopkins, on a paper 'On the physical phenomena of glaciers - Part I. Observations on the mer de glace' by John Tyndall26 October 1858
RR/4/268Referee's report by John Phillips, on a paper 'On the physical phenomena of glaciers - Part I - Observations on the mer de glace' by John Tyndall28 October 1859
RR/6/302Referee's report by George Gabriel Stokes, on a paper 'On Calorescence' by John Tyndall18 January 1866
RR/6/294Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On supersaturated saline solutions' by Charles Tomlinson16 October 1868
MS/769/107Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to [Walter White]22 January [1881]
VF/38Portrait of John Tyndall by Adriano Cecioni06 April 1872
RR/4/271Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin on an unnamed paper by John Tyndall3 April 1862
PT/58/2/4Plate, boxwood and brass apparatus used for testing effect of pressure on form of ice by unknown artist[1857]
RR/4/277Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On magnetic calms and earth-currents' by Charles Vincent Walker15 March 1862
PT/54/2Paper, 'Further researches on the polarity of the diamagnetic force' by John Tyndall[1855]
PT/70/6Paper, 'The Bakerian lecture. Researches on radiant heat' by John Tyndall[1864]
PT/63/6/6Plate, movable wooden box containing glass tube by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/48/1Paper, 'On the vibrations and tones produced by the contact of bodies having different temperatures' by John TyndallJanuary 1854
MC/6/270Letter from John Tyndall to [William] Sharpey, [Secretary of the Royal Society]16 December 1862
PT/50/1/4Plate, prism suspended in field of force by John Tyndall[1854]
PT/46/6Paper, 'On molecular influences' by John Tyndall[1852]
RR/2/239Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the thermal effects of fluids in motion - Part II' by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin and James Prescott Joule31 October 1854
PT/63/1Paper, 'On the absorption and radiation of heat by gases and vapours and on the physical connexion of radiation, absorption and conduction' by John Tyndall[1861]
RR/2/250Referee's report by Charles Wheatstone, on a paper 'On the vibrations and tones produced by the contact of bodies having different temperatures' by John Tyndall9 February 1854
RR/2/252Referee's report by William Hallowes Miller, on the Bakerian Lecture 'On the nature of the force why which bodies are repelled from the poles of a magnet; to which is prefixed, an account of some experiments on molecular influences' by John Tyndall18 April 1855
PT/50/1/1Manuscript, 'On the nature of the force by which bodies are repelled from the poles of a magnet; to which is prefixed an account of some experiments on molecular influences' by John Tyndall[1854]
PT/50/1/3Plate, prisms suspended in fields of force by John Tyndall[1854]
RR/4/273Referee's report by William Thomson, on a paper 'On the absorption and radiation of heat by gaseous matter - Second memoir' by John Tyndall[1861]
PT/58/2/8Plate, trough used for testing ice lamination produced from mutual thrust of confluent glaciers by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/6Plate, ice separated perpendicularly to lamination of glacier by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2Paper, 'On the structure and motion of glaciers' by John Tyndall and T H [Thomas Henry] HuxleyJanuary 1857
PT/58/2/5Plate, boxwood used for testing the viscous flow of glaciers by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/7Plate, wooden trough representing principal accidents of glacial valley by unknown artist[1857]
RR/4/180Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the theory of compound colours, and the relations of the colours of the spectrum' by James Clerk Maxwell24 May 1860
PT/58/2/3Plate, seasoned boxwood used for testing effect of pressure on form of ice by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/1Manuscript, 'On the structure and motion of glaciers' by John Tyndall and T H [Thomas Henry] HuxleyJanuary 1857
PT/58/2/2Plate, specimen of ice near Heisseplatte on Lower Grindelwald glacier by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/12Plate, mud in trough representing a narrow gorge by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/11Plate, trough representing a narrow gorge by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/9Plate, trough representing glacier and upper basin of the Rhône by unknown artist[1857]
PT/58/2/10Plate, disposition of trough representing glacier and upper basin of the Rhône by unknown artist[1857]
RR/3/265Referee's report by James Prescott Joule, on a paper 'Further researches on the polarity of the diamagnetic force' by John Tyndall9 February 1856
PT/63/6/2Plate, bent flint-glass tubing by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/63/6/4Plate, small glass cup by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/63/6/5Plate, glass tube in cork fitted onto brass tube by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/63/6/3Plate, bent flint-glass tube filled with sulphuric acid by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/63/6/1Manuscript, 'On the properties of liquid carbonic acid' by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/63/6Paper, 'On the properties of liquid carbonic acid' by [George Gore]11 January 1861
PT/70/6/3Plate, heat lamp by [John Tyndall][1864]
RR/4/215Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On muscular action from an electrical point of view' by Charles Bland Radcliffe25 May 1859
PT/70/6/1Manuscript, 'The Bakerian lecture. Researches on radiant heat' by John Tyndall[1864]
PT/70/6/5Plate, apparatus for examining diathermy of liquids by W KieserMarch 1864
PT/70/6/4Plate, series of apparatuses for examining diathermy of liquids by [John Tyndall][1864]
PT/70/6/6Plate, heat lamp by W KieserMarch 1864
RR/5/273Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'On the relation of radiant heat to aqueous vapour' by John Tyndall18 March 1863
RR/5/144Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the Influence of temperature on the electric conducting-power of thallium and iron' by Augustus Matthiessen and Carl Vogt[1863]
PT/70/6/7Plate, series of apparatuses for examining diathermy of liquids by W KieserMarch 1864
RR/5/274Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'On the absorption and radiation of heat by gaseous and liquid matter.—Fourth memoir' by John Tyndall28 October 1863
RR/5/276Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on the Bakerian Lecture 'Contributions to molecular physics.— Being the fifth memoir of researches on radiant heat' by John Tyndall14 June 1864
RR/4/106Referee's report by John Tyndall, on an unnamed paper by John Peter Gassiot27 April 1859
PT/75/8/7Diagram, Mer de Glace movements by [John Tyndall?][1858]
PT/75/8/8Diagrams, movement of glaciers by [John Tyndall?][1858]
MC/5/124Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to J P [John Peter] Gassiot18 November 1853
MC/5/123Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, Albermarle Street, to Samuel Hunter Christie, Secretary of the Royal Society15 November 1853
MC/5/125Letter from W [William] Hopkins, Cambridge, to the Royal Society23 November 1853
MC/5/275Letter from John Tyndall to Major General [Edward] Sabine, [Treasurer of the Royal Society]10 February 1857
MC/5Volume 5 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1851-1858
PT/70/6/2Plate, apparatus for examining diathermy of liquids by [John Tyndall][1864]
MC/6Volume 6 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1859-1863
RR/2/247Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on a paper 'On molecular influences.—Part I. Transmission of heat through organic structures' by John Tyndall15 June 1852
MC/6/307Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Dr [William] Sharpey,Secretary of the Royal Society12 March 1863
MC/6/309Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Dr [William] Sharpey,Secretary of the Royal Society18 March 1863
MC/7/323Letter from [J Tyndall] to T [Thomas] Archer Hirst26 April 1866
MS/257/5/14Letter from John Tyndall, Queenwood to Edward Sabine4 July 1852
MC/7Volume 7 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1864-1866
MC/8/145Letter from John Tyndall to Dr [William] Sharpey, [Secretary of the Royal Society]20 February 1868
MC/8/255Letter from Fredk [Frederick] Guthrie, Clifton College, Bristol, to Professor G G [George Gabriel] Stokes, Secretary of the Royal Society15 October 1868
MC/8/346Letter from members of the Athenaeum Club to the Secretary of the Royal Society8 April 1869
MC/9/220Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution, to Professor [George Gabriel] Stokes, Secretary of the Royal Society23 June 1871
MC/10/256Letter from J F [John Francis] Tennant, Royal Engineers, Roorkee Observatory, to Professor [John] Tyndall, President of the British Association13 May 1875
MC/9Volume 9 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1870-June 1873
MC/10/328Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution of Great Britain, to [George Gabriel] Stokes, [Secretary of the Royal Society]6 January 1876
P/0134Portrait of Tyndall, John1877
MC/10Volume 10 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal SocietyJuly 1873-1876
MC/11/81Letter from the Royal Society, Burlington House, to Dr [John] Tyndall15 June 1877
RR/3/198Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the thermo-electric series' by Augustus Matthiessen5 March 1858
RR/2/251Referee's report by William Robert Grove, on a paper 'On the vibrations and tones produced by the contact of bodies having different temperatures' by John Tyndall15 February 1854
MS/257/5/17Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution to Edward Sabine8 February [1820-1893]
MS/257/5/18Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution to Edward Sabine11 February [1820-1893]
MC/11Volume 11 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1877-1879
RR/3/79Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On various phenomena of refraction through semi-lenses or prisms, producing anomalies in the illusion of stereoscopic images' by Antoine Jean Francois Claudet 30 July 1856
MC/12/63Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution of Great Britain, to [William Spottiswoode], President of the Royal Society9 June 1880
MC/12/163Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution of Great Britain, to [George Gabriel] Stokes, [Secretary of the Royal Society]12 May 1881
MS/257/5/16Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution to Edward Sabine13 November 1864
RR/3/203Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the theory of internal resistance and internal friction in fluids; and on the theories of sound and of auscultation' by Robert Moon23 November 1858
MC/12Volume 12 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1880-1883
RR/5/149Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the influence of temperature on the electric conducting-power of alloys' by Augustus Matthiessen and Carl Vogt7 December 1863
RR/5/118Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the theory of the motion of glaciers' by William Hopkins27 June 1862
AP/42/2Unpublished paper, 'The intensification of sound through solid bodies by the interposition of water between them and the distal extremity of hearing tubes' by S [Somerville] Scott Alison1859
AP/42/2/1Unpublished manuscript, 'The intensification of sound through solid bodies by the interposition of water between them and the distal extremity of hearing tubes' by S [Somerville] Scott Alison1859
RR/5/240Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Numerical elements of Indian meteorology' by Hermann De Schlagintweit13 June 1865
MC/8Volume 8 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1867-1869
AP/60/12Unpublished letter, 'Artifically formed diamonds' from James Mactear to the Secretary of the Royal Society14 December 1879
MS/257/5/13Letter from John Tyndall, Queenwood to Edward Sabine29 February 1852
PP/3/3Paper, 'Note on terrestrial radiation' by John Tyndall1883
PP/2/38Paper, 'On the dark plane which is formed over a heated wire in dusty air' by Lord Rayleigh [John William Strutt]1882
PP/3/14Paper, 'On a hitherto unobserved resemblance between carbonic acid and bisulphide of carbon' by John Tyndall1883
MS/257/5/15Letter from John Tyndall, Royal Institution to Edward Sabine2 December 1861
PP/2/2Letter, 'Note on General Duane's soundless zones' from John Tyndall to [George Gabriel] Stokes21 March 1882
PT/50/1Paper, 'On the nature of the force by which bodies are repelled from the poles of a magnet; to which is prefixed an account of some experiments on molecular influences' by John Tyndall[1854]
PT/64/iPlate, figure by W H [William Henry] Wesley from 'On the absorption and radiation of heat by gaseous matter' by John Tyndall[1862]
RR/2/253Referee's report by William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, on the Bakerian Lecture 'On the nature of the force why which bodies are repelled from the poles of a magnet; to which is prefixed, an account of some experiments on molecular influences' by John Tyndall[1855]
RR/3/154Referee's report by Michael Faraday, on a paper 'Introductory research on the induction of magnetism by electrical currents' by James Prescott Joule6 July 1855
RR/3/155Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Introductory research on the induction of magnetism by electrical currents' by James Prescott Joule25 July 1855
RR/3/157Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Introductory research on the induction of magnetism by electrical currents' by James Prescott Joule4 January 1856
RR/3/193Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Electro-physiological researches. Physical and chemical phenomena of muscular contraction.— Tenth series. Part I' by Carlo Matteucci30 July 1856
RR/4/104Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On the stratifications in electrical discharges, as observed in torricellian and other vacua - second communication' by John Peter Gassiot23 March 1859
RR/4/170Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Electro-physiological researches - Eleventh series. On the secondary electromotor power of nerves, and its application to the explanation of certain electrophysiological phenomena' by Carlo Matteucci24 October 1861
RR/4/269Referee's report by John Phillips, on a paper 'On the veined structure of glaciers; with observations upon white ice-seams, air-bubbles and dirt-bands, and remarks upon glacier theories' by John Tyndall10 May 1859
RR/5/95Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'On some new phenomena of residuary charge, and the law of exploding distance of electrical accumulation on coated glass' by William Snow Harris24 October 1861
RR/5/99Referee's report by John Tyndall, on a paper 'Further inquiries concerning the laws and operation of electrical force' by William Snow Harris21 November 1864
RR/6/301Referee's report by James Clerk Maxwell, on a paper 'On Calorescence' by John Tyndall1 January 1866
MC/17Volume 17 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1897-1899
HS/17/398Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution18 November 1864
HS/17/414Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution27? June 1869
HS/17/393Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution16 March 1863
HS/17/402Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Griesbach11 July 1868
HS/17/413Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution12 December 1868
HS/17/411Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution28 April 1863?
HS/17/400Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution26 May 1866
HS/17/394aDraft letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood13 November 1864
HS/17/389Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution21 November 1861
HS/17/399Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution7 February 1865
HS/17/406Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood28 May 1869
HS/17/399aDraft letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall3 March 1866
HS/17/409Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution9 June 1870
HS/17/403Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution27 November 1868
HS/17/408Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Clifton16 November 1869
HS/17/381Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Queenwood College8 November 1851
HS/17/390Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution23 November 1861
HS/17/399cLetter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at [Royal Institution?]1866?-2
HS/17/388Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at [Royal Institution]24 July 1861
HS/17/393aCopy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood18 July 1864
HS/17/406aLetter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution29 May 1869
HS/17/398aCopy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood21 November 1864
HS/17/387Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution20 March 1857
HS/17/412Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution3 December 1868
HS/17/397Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution17 November 1864
HS/17/409aDraft letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood23 October 1870
HS/17/407aLetter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution1 June 1869
HS/17/382Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Queenwood College8 November 1851
HS/23/175Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood31 July 1856
HS/23/348Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall22 November 1861
HS/24/14Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood15 March 1863
HS/23/350Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood24 November 1861
HS/24/317Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood7 June 1870
HS/24/336;Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood23 October 1870
HS/24/263Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood29 May 1869
HS/24/210Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood3 November 1867
HS/17/386Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood17 March 1857
HS/17/395Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution14 November 1864
HS/17/407Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood30 May 1869
HS/17/394Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution17 September 1864
HS/17/404Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution30 November 1868
HS/17/396Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood16 November 1864
HS/17/385Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution2 March 1857
HS/17/391Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution15 April 1862
HS/17/401Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution30 October 1867
HS/17/390aCopy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood12 April 1862
HS/17/405Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution1 December 1868
HS/17/384Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution30 July 1856
HS/17/392aCopy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood5 January 1863
HS/17/410Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution3 December 1870?
HS/19/160Draft letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall13 December 1868
HS/23/335Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood22 July 1861
HS/24/66Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood13 November 1864
HS/24/157Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood28 May 1866
HS/24/241Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood26 November 1868
HS/17/383Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Queenwood College10 January 1852
HS/23/347Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood10 November 1861
HS/17/383aCopy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood27 July 1856
HS/17/392Letter, from John Tyndall to Sir John Herschel, dated at Royal Institution4 January 1863
HS/17/405aCopy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood2 December 1868
HS/24/243Copy letter, from Sir John Herschel to John Tyndall, dated at Collingwood14 December 1868
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    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
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