Record

Authorised form of nameWillughby; Francis (1635 - 1672); naturalist
Other forms of nameWilloughby, Francis
SurnameWillughby
ForenamesFrancis
Dates1635 - 1672
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Middleton, Warwickshire, England, Europe (22 November 1635)
Death:
Middleton Hall, Warwickshire, England, Europe (3 July 1672)
Burial:
Middleton Church, Warwickshire, England, Europe
ActivityResearch Field:
zoology; natural history
Education:
Sutton Coldfield School; Trinity College, Cambridge (BA 1655/6; MA 1659); studied at the Bodleian Library, Oxford (1660)
Career:
Accompanied John Ray (FRS 1667) on botanical research trips through Warwickshire and Nottinghamshire (1660-1662); travelled extensively in Europe (1663-1666) and to the south-west of England with Ray (1667); his work 'Ornithology' published posthumously by Ray (1676; 1678)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Original Fellow
Election Date:
20/05/1663
Proposers:
John Wilkins (20 November 1661)
Admitted 4 December 1661 and 1 October 1662
Committee appointments include:
Committee for the Histories of Trade (1664)
Other RSActivity:
Involved in experiments and demonstrations of botanical and zoological nature (1662).
Pledged £80 in support of the Royal Society College at Arundel House (1667-1668).
Frequent correspondent to the Society and sent independent reseach in natural history.
'Historia piscium' published posthumously by the Royal Society (1686).
'Historia insectorum' published posthumously by the Royal Society (1710), having been edited by William Derham (FRS 1703).
RelationshipsParents: Sir Francis Willughby and Cassandra Ridgeway
Married: Emma Barnard
Children: Francis Willughby; Cassandra Willughby; Thomas Willughby (FRS 1693); son-in-law James Brdyges (FRS 1694)
Additional relatives: cousin of Peter Courthope (FRS 1668)
Published worksRCN: 18575
RCN: 18576
RCN: 18574
General contextWillughby is credited with a profound influence on the history of botany, zoology and on natural history. His new ways of animal classifications, published posthumously by John Ray, and in particular his work on ornithology were also impactful for natural history writers and the development of Linneaus' binomical nomenclature. Prior to his death, Willughby had planned a trip to America in order to expand his zoological knowledge, although this never happened.
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Venn; Foster; ODNB
References:
R K Bluhm, 'Remarks on the Royal Society's Finances, 1660-1768' in NR 1958 vol 13 pp 82-103
E N da C Andrade, 'The Birth and Early Days of the Philosophical Transactions' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 9-27
Charles A Rivington, 'Early Printers to the Royal Society 1663-1708' in NR 1984-85 vol 39 pp 1-27
William T Stearn, 'The Wilkins Lecture, 1985. John Wilkins, John Ray and Carl Linnaeus' in NR 1985-86 vol 40 pp 101-123
Sachiko Kusukawa, 'The Historia Piscium (1686)' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 179-197
Susan McMahon, 'John Ray (1627-1705) and the Act of Uniformity 1662' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 153-178
R Lewis, 'The publication of John Wilkins's Essay (1668): some contextual considerations' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp133-146
N J W Thrower, 'Samuel Pepys FRS (1633-1733) and The Royal Society' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 3-13
A Cook, 'Rome and the Royal Society, 1660-1740' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 3-19
Notes:
The double admission dates are taken from the Journal Book. Hunter gives admission date as 4 December 1661.
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/76431571
Royal Society codeNA8374
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
CLP/15i/2Account of the reproduction of insects given by Francis Willughbynd
IM/001265Willughby, FrancisMay 2003
EL/W3/41Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg13 January 1671
EL/W3/37Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg19 July 1670
EL/W3/39Francis Willughby, to Henry Oldenburg19 August 1670
EL/W3/30Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg29 May 1669
EL/W3/36Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg4 July 1670
EL/W3/33Francis Willughby, dated at Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg12 March 1670
EL/O2/53Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Francis Willughby27 July 1671
EL/O2/20Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Francis Willughby20 January 1670
EL/O2/44Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Francis Willughby21 January 1670
EL/O2/90Henry Oldenburg, dated at London, to Francis Willughby6 July 1672
EL/W3/38Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg23 July 1669
EL/W3/40Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg2 September 1670
EL/W3/34Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg16 April 1670
IM/001266Willughby, FrancisMay 2003
CLP/3i/54/4Equations, criticism of Wren's theory of motion by Francis Willughby1669
LBO/3/55Copy of a letter from Henry Oldenburg, London, to Francis Willughby15 June 1669
EL/W3/43Francis Willughby, to Henry Oldenburg1671
CLP/3i/54/1Paper, 'Animadversiones in novam theoriam [amendments to the new theory] of Christopher Wren and Christian Huygens' by Francis Willughby1669
CLP/3i/54Paper, 'Animadversiones in novam theoriam [amendments to the new theory] of Christopher Wren and Christian Huygens' by Francis Willughby1669
CLP/3i/54/3Equations, criticism of Wren's theory of motion by Francis Willughby1669
CLP/8i/13a/2Digram of the solar eclipse1666
CLP/8i/13aPaper, observations of the solar eclipse witnessed on 22 June 1666 by Francis Willoughby, Dr Pope and Mr Phillip, Robert Hooke and Robert Moray1666
CLP/8i/13a/1Paper, observations of the solar eclipse witnessed on 22 June 1666 by Francis Willoughby, Dr Pope and Mr Phillip, Robert Hooke and Robert Moray1666
CLP/3i/54/2Diagram, criticism of Wren's theory of motion by Francis Willughby1669
EL/W3/42Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg16 March 1671
EL/W3/35Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg7 June 1670
EL/W3/32Francis Willughby, dated at Middleton, Warwickshire, to Henry Oldenburg29 January 1669
RBO/4/22'Experiments concerning the Motion of the sap in Trees made this Spring 1669' by Francis Willughby and John Ray1669
CLP/8i/8/1Diagram, Saturn and Jupiter by Joseph Campani1664
CLP/8i/13Copy paper, the observations of the solar eclipse witnessed on 22 June 1666 by Francis Willoughby, Dr Pope and Mr Phillip, Robert Hooke and Robert Moray1666
CLP/8i/8Figure of Saturn and Jupiter by Joseph Campani1664
CLP/10i/12Paper, 'Experiments concerning the motion of the sap in trees made this spring' by Francis Willughby and Mr [John] Wray [Ray][1669]
Add to My Items

    Collection highlights

    Browse the records of some of our collections, which cover all branches of science and date from the 12th century onwards. These include the published works of Fellows of the Royal Society, personal papers of eminent scientists, letters and manuscripts sent to the Society or presented at meetings, and administrative records documenting the Society's activities since our foundation in 1660.

    The Royal Society

    The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of
    the world's most eminent scientists and is the
    oldest scientific academy in continuous existence.
    Registered charity number 207043

    Website design ©CalmView



    CONTACT US

    + 44 207 451 2500
    (Lines open Mon-Fri, 9:00-17:00. Excludes bank holidays)

    6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG

    Email Us →

    SUBSCRIBE

    Subscribe to our newsletters to be updated with the
    latest news on innovation, events, articles and reports.

    Subscribe →

    © CalmView