Record

Authorised form of nameCassini; Jean Dominique (1625 - 1712); astronomer
Dates1625 - 1712
NationalityItalian
Place of birthPerinaldo, Imperia, Republic of Genova, [modern day Italy], Europe
Date of birth08 June 1625
Place of deathParis, France, Europe
Date of death14 September 1712
OccupationEngineer
Research fieldAstronomy
Geodesy
Hydraulics
ActivityEducation:
School at Vallebonne; Jesuit College at Genoa; Abbey of San Fructuoso; Pupil of Giovanni Battista Riccioli and Francesco Maria Grimaldi
Career:
Worked in the Observatory of the Marchese Cornelio Malvasia at Panzano, near Bologna (1648); Professor of Astronomy at Bologna (1650); reconstructed the meridian at the church of San Petronio, Bologna (1653); Secretary to the Genoese Embassy to Louis XIV; Superintendent of the Waters of Bologna and the Papal States; Superintendent of Fortifications at Urbino; brought to France by Colbert to be the first Manager of the Observatoire in Paris (1669-1710); went to Cayenne to observe the parallax of Mars (1672); naturalised French (1673); travelled to Italy, where he revisited the meridian of San Petronio (1695)
Memberships:
Academie Royale des Sciences (1669)
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election22/05/1672
Age at election46
ProposerHenry Oldenburg
Other Royal Society activityCorrespondent to the Society on astronomical matters
RelationshipsParents: Giacomo Cassini and Giulia Crovesi
Married: Genevieve Delaitre
Children: Jacques Cassini (FRS 1698)
Additional relatives: Cesar Francois Cassini de Thury (FRS 1751); great-grandfather of Jean Dominique Cassini (ForMem RS 1789)
Published worksRCN: 32179
RCN: 32178
RCN: 32176
RCN: 32174
RCN: 32175
RCN: 32177
General contextCassini was the founder of a family of astronomers with links to the Paris observatory. He observed four satellites of Saturn as well as the division of its rings, which was ultimately named after him as the 'Cassini Division'. Some oval curves which were suggested as substitutes for Kepler's ellipses were also named after him as 'Cassinians'.
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SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DSB; Hunter; NBG; DBI
References:
Cavazza, M. 2002. 'The Institute of Science of Bologna and the Royal Society in the eighteenth century', in Notes and Records, vol. 56, pp. 3-25
Cook, Sir A. 1997. ''An Astronomical Patriarch', review of Anna Cassini, Gio: Domenico Cassini Uno scienzato del Seicento', in Notes and Records, vol. 51, pp. 335-337
Cook, Sir A. 1997. 'Ladies in the Scientific Revolution', in Notes and Records, vol. 51, pp. 1-12
Da Costa Andrade, E N. 1965. 'The Birth and Early Days of the Philosophical Transactions', in Notes and Records, vol. 20, pp. 9-27
De Beer, Sir G and Hey, M H. 1954-55. 'The First Ascent of Mont Blanc', in Notes and Records, vol. 11, pp. 236-255
Faure-Fremiet, 1966. 'Les Origines de l'Academie des Sciences de Paris', in Notes and Records, vol. 21, pp. 20-31
McKie, D. 1958. 'James, Duke of York, FRS', in Notes and Records, vol. 13, pp. 6-18
Notes:
DBI says Perinaldo is in Province of Nizza (ie Nice), then in Savoy, now in France.
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/36947382
Royal Society codeNA8383
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
M/041Cassini, Jean Dominique
CLP/8i/55/5Diagram, lunar eclipse figures 5 and 6 by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
CLP/8i/55/6Diagram, lunar eclipse figure 7 by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
LBO/1/84Copy extract from a letter from Jean Dominique Cassini 14 February 1665
LBO/5/34Copy letter from Jean Cassini, Paris, to Henry Oldenburg1 January 1672
LBO/3/38Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg, London, to Jean Dominique Cassini4 May 1669
LBO/7/23Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg, London, to Jean Cassini30 March 1674
LBO/7/45Copy letter from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg28 June 1678
CLP/8i/9/2Table, observation of a lunar eclipse, Jupiter and comets by Jean Dominique Cassini1664
CLP/8i/57Paper, 'Altitudines poli traecipuaram Flandria et Hollandiae einitatum' [Altitude of the pole at Flanders and Holland] by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini[17th Century]
CLP/8i/55/7Diagrams, lunar eclipse by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
CLP/8i/56Paper, regarding observations of the transit of Mercury across the Sun witnessed at Rotterdam [Netherlands] on 3 November 1697 by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
EL/C1/83Extract of a letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to P [Jean de] Fontenaynd
CLP/8i/55/8Diagrams, lunar eclipse by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
CLP/8i/32Paper, observations of Saturn with figures of sunspots and division in ring of Saturn by [Jean Dominique] Cassini1676
CLP/8i/55/4Diagram, lunar eclipse figure 4 by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
EL/O2/66Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at London15 January 1672
CLP/8i/9/1Manuscript, regarding eclipses of the Moon, Jupiter and comet on 6 August 1684 in Rome from J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1664
CLP/8i/55/3Diagram, lunar eclipse figure 3 by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
EL/F1/110Copy of a letter, from John Flamsteed to Jean Cassini1675
EL/C1/70Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg25 July 1676
EL/C1/69Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris4 March 1676
EL/F1/117Copy of a letter, from John Flamsteed to Jean Cassini, dated at Greenwich1675
EL/C1/66Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris2 November 1676
EL/C1/67Copy of a letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to John Flamsteed11 February 1676
EL/F1/98Copy of a letter, from John Flamsteed to Jean Cassini, dated at Derby7 July 1673
CLP/8i/55/1Manuscript, 'Eclipsis lunaris observatio, facta Roterodami [Netherlands] die 29 Octobris anni 1697' [bservations of the lunar eclipse witnessed in Rotterdam on 29 October 1697] by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
EL/C1/86Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Edmond Halley9 July 1701
EL/C1/82Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to John Flamsteed, dated at Paris15 June 1682
CLP/8i/30Paper, 'A new theory for the Moon' by J D [Jean Dominique] Cassini[17th Century]
EL/C1/75Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris24 October 1676
EL/C1/68Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris11 February 1676
EL/C1/79Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris9 May 1677
EL/O2/145Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at London30 March 1674
EL/C1/60Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris22 September 1673
EL/C1/59Copy of a letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to John Flamsteed11 August 1673
EL/O2/108Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at LondonMarch 1673
EL/C1/76Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris4 November 1676
CLP/8i/32/2Diagram, sunspots and Saturn by [Jean Dominique] Cassini1676
EL/C1/73Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris12 February 1676
EL/C1/72Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris9 August 1676
EL/O2/152Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at London9 December 1674
EL/C1/78Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris2 January 1677
CLP/8i/32/1Manuscript, observations of Saturn with figures of sun spots and division in ring of Saturn by [Jean Dominique] Cassini1676
EL/C1/58Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris11 August 1673
AP/16/3Unpublished paper, 'An inquiry into the cause of the lunar librations and the reality of its motion about its centre of gravity or axis - in which it will appear that this rotary motion of the moon is entirely imaginary and that the librations of the moon have never been explained' by unknown author1835
CLP/8i/55Paper, 'Eclipsis lunaris observatio, facta Roterodami [Netherlands] die 29 Octobris anni 1697' [bservations of the lunar eclipse witnessed in Rotterdam on 29 October 1697] by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
CLP/8i/55/2Diagram, lunar eclipse figure 2 by J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1697
EL/C1/53Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris23 April 1672
CLP/8i/9Paper, regarding eclipses of the Moon, Jupiter and comet on 6 August 1684 in Rome from J [Jean Dominique] Cassini1664
CLP/7ii/4/1Manuscript, 'A dissertation concerning the figure of the Earth' by J T [John Theophilus] Desaguliers1724
EL/C1/65Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry OldenburgNovember 1676
EL/C1/51Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris2 February 1671
EL/A/8Letter, from Adrian Auzout to Henry Justel, dated at Paris27 January 1666
EL/C1/55Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris22 June 1672
EL/C1/50Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris10 June 1669
EL/O2/130Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at London11 September 1673
EL/O1/113Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at London4 May 1669
EL/F1/102Copy of a letter, from John Flamsteed to Jean Cassini, dated at DerbySeptember 1673
EL/O2/55Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to Jean Cassini, dated at London26 August 1671
EL/C1/84Account of observations of the new comet from the Royal Observatory in Paris by Jean Dominique CassiniFebruary 1699
EL/C1/80Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris16 June 1677
EL/C1/77Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris16 December 1676
EL/C1/49Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini [to the Royal Society]14 February 1665
EL/C1/52Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris20 August 1671
EL/C1/61Copy of a letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to John Flamsteed, dated at Paris8 November 1673
EL/C1/62Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris8 November 1673
EL/C1/63Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris28 June 1674
EL/C1/64Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris7 August 1675
EL/C1/71Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris26 August 1676
EL/C1/74Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris23 February 1676
EL/C1/81Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris7 August 1677
EL/A/1Letter, from Adrian Auzout to [unknown correspondent]3 March 1665
EL/C1/54Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg9 January 1672
EL/C1/57Letter, from Jean Dominique Cassini to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Paris25 March 1673
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