Record

Authorised form of nameMartyn; John (1699 - 1768)
SurnameMartyn
ForenamesJohn
Dates1699 - 1768
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBirth:
Queen Street, London, England (12 September 1699)
Death:
Chelsea, London (29 January 1768)
ActivityProfession:
Apothecary
Research Field:
Botany
Education:
Emmanuel College, Cambridge (admitted 1730)
Career:
Worked in his father's counting house, but studied botany from an early age; lectured on botany and materia medica in London and Cambridge; practised as an apothecary and later as a physician in London; friend of Patrick Blair (FRS 1712); with John Jacob Dillenius (FRS 1724), Philip Miller (FRS 1730) and others, established a botanical society which met for some years every Saturday morning at the Rainbow Coffee House, Watling Street (1721); with Alexander Russel wrote the 'Grub Street Journal' (1730-1737); Professor of Botany, Cambridge (1732-1762), due to lack of encouragement he ceased to lecture in 1735; corresponded with Sloane, Linnaeus and others; published an abridgment of 'Philosophical Transactions' 1719-1750 (1734-1756)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
30/03/1727
Proposers:
John Diodate
RelationshipsSon of Thomas Martyn, merchant, of Hamburg and his wife, Katharine Weedon; married Eulalia, daughter of John King, DD, rector of Chelsea and prebendary of York; father of Thomas Martyn (FRS 1786)
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Venn
References:
Frank N Egerton, 'Richard Bradley's Relationship with Sir Hans Sloane' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 59-77
L B Glyn, 'Israel Lyons: a short but starry career. The life of an eighteenth-century Jewish botanist and astronomer' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 275-305
Obituary, Gentleman's Magazine (1768), p94; obituary, London Magazine (1768), p106
Bro. J R Clarke 'The Royal Society and Early Grand Lodge Freemasonry' in Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge
Notes:
London Magazine gives death place as Streatham
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/18650208
Royal Society codeNA8396
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
RBO/16/30'An account of a book [by Philip Miller] entitled: 'The Gardener's Kalender, directing what works are necessary to be done every month...' by John Martyn1731
RBO/15/55Account by John Martyn of Philip Miller's book entitled 'Catalogus plantarum officinalium quae in horto Botanico Chelseyano aluntur' 1730
RBO/14/12'An account of some observations relating to natural history made in a journey to the Peak in Derbyshire by John Martyn'1728
RBO/14/39A book review about epsom salts and the salt 'Alumen plumosum' by John Martyn1728
IM/003003Martyn, Joannes2000
LBO/19/82Copy letter from John Martyn, Csambridge, to William Rutty10 February 1727
CLP/22ii/46Paper, Account of Philip Miller's 'Catalogus Plantarum officinalium quae in Horto Botanico Chelseyano... [Catalogue of plants in the Chelsea Botanical Garden workshop]' by John Martin [Martyn]18th century
L&P/1/139Letter, 'On the breeding of tail-less poultry' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes23 November 1742
L&P/1/345/1Letter, 'Description of a new fungus' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes21 January 1745
L&P/1/389Letter, 'Of a case of boulimia' from J Cookson to John Martyn4 May 1745
L&P/2/58aLetter, 'Of the earthquake of March 8' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes14 March 1750
L&P/1/345Paper, 'Description of a new fungus' by John Martyn21 January 1745
L&P/2/41Letter, 'Of the same earthquake' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes14 February 1749
L&P/2/48Letter, 'The aurora borealis of Feb 16' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes21 February 1750
L&P/2/26Letter, 'An aurora australis, seen 23 Jan 1748/50' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes24 January 1750
L&P/2/510Paper, 'Of the sex of holly; with a note from W. Watson in confirmation' by John Martyn26 July 1754
EL/M2/70John Martyn, reader of botany at Cambridge, to William Rutty20 February 1723
CLP/22ii/24Paper, On 'Historia plantarum rariorum' by John Martyn [1728]
CLP/7ii/12Paper, observations of the natural history witnessed in a journey to the peak in Derbyshire by Mr J Martyn1728
RBO/14/96'An account of a Letter from Dr John Rutty of Dublin to Dr W Rutty' by Mr John Martyn1729
IM/003002Martyn, Joannes2000
IM/003001Martyn, Joannes2000
CLP/10ii/14Paper, 'Memoirs communicated by Monsr Garcin to Monsr St Hyacinthe FRS containing a description of a new family of plants called oxyoides; some remarks on the family of plants called musa; and a description of the hirudinella marina, or sea leach' by Laurent Garcin[1730]
CLP/10ii/14/1Manuscript, 'Memoirs communicated by Monsr Garcin to Monsr St Hyacinthe FRS containing a description of a new family of plants called oxyoides; some remarks on the family of plants called musa; and a description of the hirudinella marina, or sea leach' by Laurent Garcin[1730]
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