Authorised form of nameMartyn; John (1699 - 1768)
Dates1699 - 1768
Dates and placesBirth:
Queen Street, London, England (12 September 1699)
Chelsea, London (29 January 1768)
Research Field:
Emmanuel College, Cambridge (admitted 1730)
Worked in his father's counting house, but studied botany from an early age; lectured on botany and materia medica in London and Cambridge; practised as an apothecary and later as a physician in London; friend of Patrick Blair (FRS 1712); with John Jacob Dillenius (FRS 1724), Philip Miller (FRS 1730) and others, established a botanical society which met for some years every Saturday morning at the Rainbow Coffee House, Watling Street (1721); with Alexander Russel wrote the 'Grub Street Journal' (1730-1737); Professor of Botany, Cambridge (1732-1762), due to lack of encouragement he ceased to lecture in 1735; corresponded with Sloane, Linnaeus and others; published an abridgment of 'Philosophical Transactions' 1719-1750 (1734-1756)
Royal Society activityMembership:
Election Date:
John Diodate
RelationshipsSon of Thomas Martyn, merchant, of Hamburg and his wife, Katharine Weedon; married Eulalia, daughter of John King, DD, rector of Chelsea and prebendary of York; father of Thomas Martyn (FRS 1786)
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Venn
Frank N Egerton, 'Richard Bradley's Relationship with Sir Hans Sloane' in NR 1970 vol 25 pp 59-77
L B Glyn, 'Israel Lyons: a short but starry career. The life of an eighteenth-century Jewish botanist and astronomer' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 275-305
Obituary, Gentleman's Magazine (1768), p94; obituary, London Magazine (1768), p106
Bro. J R Clarke 'The Royal Society and Early Grand Lodge Freemasonry' in Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge
London Magazine gives death place as Streatham
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA8396
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
RBO/16/30'An account of a book [by Philip Miller] entitled: 'The Gardener's Kalender, directing what works are necessary to be done every month...' by John Martyn1731
RBO/15/55Account by John Martyn of Philip Miller's book entitled 'Catalogus plantarum officinalium quae in horto Botanico Chelseyano aluntur' 1730
RBO/14/12'An account of some observations relating to natural history made in a journey to the Peak in Derbyshire by John Martyn'1728
RBO/14/39A book review about epsom salts and the salt 'Alumen plumosum' by John Martyn1728
IM/003003Martyn, Joannes2000
LBO/19/82Copy letter from John Martyn, Csambridge, to William Rutty10 February 1727
CLP/22ii/46Paper, Account of Philip Miller's 'Catalogus Plantarum officinalium quae in Horto Botanico Chelseyano... [Catalogue of plants in the Chelsea Botanical Garden workshop]' by John Martin [Martyn]18th century
L&P/1/139Letter, 'On the breeding of tail-less poultry' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes23 November 1742
L&P/1/345/1Letter, 'Description of a new fungus' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes21 January 1745
L&P/1/389Letter, 'Of a case of boulimia' from J Cookson to John Martyn4 May 1745
L&P/2/58aLetter, 'Of the earthquake of March 8' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes14 March 1750
L&P/1/345Paper, 'Description of a new fungus' by John Martyn21 January 1745
L&P/2/41Letter, 'Of the same earthquake' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes14 February 1749
L&P/2/48Letter, 'The aurora borealis of Feb 16' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes21 February 1750
L&P/2/26Letter, 'An aurora australis, seen 23 Jan 1748/50' from John Martyn to Martin Folkes24 January 1750
L&P/2/510Paper, 'Of the sex of holly; with a note from W. Watson in confirmation' by John Martyn26 July 1754
EL/M2/70John Martyn, reader of botany at Cambridge, to William Rutty20 February 1723
CLP/22ii/24Paper, On 'Historia plantarum rariorum' by John Martyn [1728]
CLP/7ii/12Paper, observations of the natural history witnessed in a journey to the peak in Derbyshire by Mr J Martyn1728
RBO/14/96'An account of a Letter from Dr John Rutty of Dublin to Dr W Rutty' by Mr John Martyn1729
IM/003002Martyn, Joannes2000
IM/003001Martyn, Joannes2000
CLP/10ii/14Paper, 'Memoirs communicated by Monsr Garcin to Monsr St Hyacinthe FRS containing a description of a new family of plants called oxyoides; some remarks on the family of plants called musa; and a description of the hirudinella marina, or sea leach' by Laurent Garcin[1730]
CLP/10ii/14/1Manuscript, 'Memoirs communicated by Monsr Garcin to Monsr St Hyacinthe FRS containing a description of a new family of plants called oxyoides; some remarks on the family of plants called musa; and a description of the hirudinella marina, or sea leach' by Laurent Garcin[1730]
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