Authorised form of nameRay; John (1627 - 1705)
Other forms of surnameWray
Dates1627 - 1705
Place of birthBlack Notley, near Braintree, Essex, England
Date of birth29 November 1627
Place of deathDewlands, Black Notley
Date of death17 January 1705
Dates and placesBurial:
Black Notley
OccupationClergyman, Church of England
Research fieldBotany
School at Braintree, Essex; St Catharine's College, Cambridge (admitted 1644); Trinity College, Cambridge; BA (1648), MA (1651)
Fellow of Trinity (1649); Tutor (1653-1660); Junior Dean (1658-1659); ordained deacon and priest (1660); travelled abroad with Francis Willughby (FRS 1663) (1663-1666); Tutor to Willughby's sons (1672-1676); devoted the rest of his life to his work on natural history; his herbarium passed to the Society of Apothecaries and thence to the British Museum
Membership categoryFellow
Date of election07/11/1667
ProposerJohn Wilkins
RelationshipsUsed the spelling Wray until 1670. Son of Roger Ray, Blacksmith, and Elizabeth, a herbalist; married Margaret Oakeley (1673)
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; Venn; Hunter
W H G Armytage, 'The Royal Society and the Apothecaries' in NR 1954-55 vol 11 pp 22-37
Jean Jacquot, 'Sir Hans Sloane and French Men of Science' in NR 1953 vol 10 pp 85-98
E N da C Andrade, 'The Birth and Early Days of the Philosophical Transactions' in NR 1965 vol 20 pp 9-27
William T Stearn, 'The Wilkins Lecture, 1985. John Wilkins, John Ray and Carl Linnaeus' in NR 1985-86 vol 40 pp 101-123
Charles A Rivington, 'Addendum. Early Printers to the Royal Society, 1663-1708' in NR 1985-86 vol 40 pp 219-220
G C R Morris, 'On the Identity of Jaques du Moulin, FRS 1667' in NR 1991 vol 45 pp 1-10
Sir Alan Cook, 'In this Issue' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 1-3
Brian J Ford, 'Shining through the centuries: John Ray's life and legacy. A report of the meeting "John Ray and his successors"' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 5-22
John Hedley Brooke, 'Wise men nowadays think otherwise': John Ray, natural theology and the meanings of anthropocentrism' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 199-213
Sachiko Kusukawa, 'The Historia Piscium (1686)' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 179-197
Susan McMahon, 'John Ray (1627-1705) and the Act of Uniformity 1662' in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 153-178
R Lewis, 'The publication of John Wilkins's Essay (1668): some contextual considerations' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp133-146
L B Glyn, 'Israel Lyons: a short but starry career. The life of an eighteenth-century Jewish botanist and astronomer' in NR 2002 vol 56 pp 275-305
N J W Thrower, 'Samuel Pepys FRS (1633-1733) and The Royal Society' in NR 2003 vol 57 pp 3-13
A Cook, 'Two Anniversaries' in NR 2003 vol 57 p 133
A Cook, 'Rome and the Royal Society, 1660-1740' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 3-19
L Jardine, 'The 2003 Wilkins Lecture: Dr Wilkins's boy wonders' in NR 2004 vol 58 pp 107-129
Michael Hunter, 'John Ray in Italy: Lost Manuscripts rediscovered' in NR 2014 vol 68 no. 2 pp 93-109
Hannah Barnett - 'the Life and Times of John Ray', in 'Essex Life, 13 Feb 2015 online article
Venn gives date of death as 17 January 1705/6
Virtual International Authority File
Royal Society codeNA8403
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
IM/003756Ray, John01 January 2001
IM/005001Ray, Johnnd
RBO/7/96Account of the botanical specimen 'Amomum' or 'Fugus' sent by George Camelli at the Philippines to John Ray nd
RBO/4/22'Experiments concerning the Motion of the sap in Trees made this Spring 1669' by Francis Willughby and John Ray1669
RBO/8/63A further account of Nuce vomica from Father Camelli to John Ray and James Petiver1699
RBO/4/57'Of the Seeds of Plants' by John Ray1674
RBO/4/58'Of the specifick Differences of Plants' by John Ray17 December 1674
CLP/22i/26Paper, Account of 'Historia Plantarum Species... [History of plant species...]' by [John] Ray[1686]
LBO/5/3Copy letter from Henry Oldenburg, London, to John Ray11 October 1671
LBO/10/24Copy letter from John Ray, Black Notley, to Tancred Robinson1 April 1685
MC/1/290Letter from Thomas Coates, [Secretary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, 59 Lincolns Inn Fields, to Dr. [Peter Mark] Roget, Secretary of the Royal Society 16 March 1831
EL/R1/11Letter, from John Ray [to the Royal Society]nd
CLP/12i/65Paper, 'In corpore dissecto Patavii a Marchetti observata' by John RayDecember 1663
CLP/10i/35Letter, 'A description and figure of the true amomum or tugus' Reverend George Camelli [Georg Joseph Kamel] to John Ray and James Petiver[1698]
CLP/10i/23List, 'Additions to Ray's catalogue of North Wales plants' by Lloyd[1686]
RBO/4/17'Some Observations Concerning the odd Turn of some Shell-snailes, and the Darting of Spiders'1670
CLP/11i/10Paper, 'Menstruum to dissolve glass' by Mr Wray [John Ray][1671]
CLP/10i/24Paper, account of Halley's catalogue of plants found in North Wales by Dr [Tancred?] Robinson[1685]
MC/1Volume 1 of miscellaneous correspondence regarding business matters, sent to the Royal Society1800-1831
EL/R1/15Letter, from John Ray to Henry Oldenburg19 September 1674
EL/R1/19Letter, from John Ray to Tancred Robinson, dated at Black Notley21 August 1693
EL/R1/10Letter, from John Ray [to the Royal Society]nd
EL/R1/16Letter, from John Ray to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Middleton30 November 1674
EL/R1/12Letter, from John Ray to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Middleton8 February 1671
EL/R1/17Letter, from John Ray to Henry Oldenburg6 June 1675
EL/O2/56Letter, from Henry Oldenburg to John Ray, dated at London11 October 1671
EL/R1/13Letter, from John Ray to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Middleton3 July 1671
EL/R1/14Letter, from John Ray to Henry Oldenburg, dated at Middleton12 September 1671
CLP/10i/12Paper, 'Experiments concerning the motion of the sap in trees made this spring' by Francis Willughby and Mr [John] Wray [Ray][1669]
EL/S1/28Extract of a letter, from Philip Skippon to John Ray, dated at London1662
RBO/6/94'The Catalogue of Plants, which Mr Halley put into my hands, found in North Wales and said to have been unobserv'd before in this Island' by Dr Robinsonnd
CLP/10i/16Paper, 'Of the seeds of plants' by John Ray[1674]
EL/R1/18Letter, from John Ray to Richard Waller, dated at Black Notley19 May 1691
CLP/10i/36Letter, 'A further and more exact account of the same' by Reverend George Camelli [Georg Joseph Kamel] to John Ray and James Petiver[1690s]
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