Record

Authorised form of nameGraham; George (1673 - 1751)
SurnameGraham
ForenamesGeorge
Dates1673 - 1751
NationalityBritish
Dates and placesBurial:
The same grave as Tompion, Westminster Abbey, London
ActivityProfession:
Scientific instrument maker
Watchmaker
Education:
Apprenticed to Henry Aske, a watchmaker in London
Career:
Assistant, partner and then successor to Thomas Tompion; made instruments for the astronomers royal Edmund Halley (FRS 1678) and James Bradley (FRS 1718), for Samuel Molyneux's (FRS 1712) private observatory at Kew, and the apparatus used by the French Academy for measuring the meridian, as well as an orrery, named after Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery (FRS 1706); a Quaker, he disliked banks and kept his money in a strong box, lending large sums to his friends at no interest; one of those whom he thus encouraged was the instrument maker, James Harrison
Royal Society activityMembership:
Fellow
Election Date:
9/03/1721
Council:
1722, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1730
RelationshipsSon of George Graham; married Elizabeth Tompion, niece of Thomas Tompion
SourcesSources:
Bulloch's Roll; DNB; DSB; Clifton
References:
H G Lyons, 'Two Hundred Years Ago: 1739' in NR 1939 vol 2 pp 34-42
G L'E Turner, 'James Short, FRS, and his Contribution to the Construction of Reflecting Telescopes' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 91-108
J A Chaldecott, 'Cromwell Mortimer, FRS (c. 1698-1752) and the Invention of the Metalline Thermometer for Measuring High Temperatures' in NR 1969 vol 24 pp 113-135
Richard Sorrenson, 'Towards a History of the Royal Society in the Eighteenth Century' in NR 1996 vol 50 pp 29-46
Geoffrey Cantor, 'Quakers in the Royal Society, 1660-1750' in NR 1997 vol 51 pp 175-193
Desmond King-Hele, 'Not So Dumb, After All?', review of R Sorrenson, ed., 'Did the Royal Society Matter in the Eighteenth Century?', British Journal for the History of Science, 32 (June 1999), 130-221, in NR 2000 vol 54 pp 120-122
'Gentleman's Magazine' 1751, p523
Notes:
Birth date supplied by the Clockmakers' Company. Proposed by Martin Folkes. DSB gives death date as 16 November 1751.
Virtual International Authority Filehttp://viaf.org/viaf/792879
Royal Society codeNA8405
Archives associated with this Fellow
Reference numberTitleDate
EL/P1/117Extract of a letter from Lord Paisley to George Graham1723
RBO/18/42'Observation of the Eclipse of the Sun on May 2 1733 in the afternoon by Mr George Graham in Fleet Street made with a Telescope of ten feet in length fitted with a Micrometer'1733
RBO/20/6'An Account of the going of a Clock at London and at Cartagena in the years 1733 and 1734 collected by Mr George Graham'1736
IM/001730Graham, Georgend
RBO/11/92'Observations of the Dipping made at London the beginning of the year 1723' by George Graham1725
RBO/21/38'An Occultation of Aldebaran by the Moon ...' by George Graham 1738
EL/P1/116Lord Paisley, dated at Witham, to George Graham18 October 1723
RBO/12/32'A Contrivance to avoid the Irregularities in a Clocks motion occasion'd by the Action of heat and cold upon the Rod of the Pendulum' by George Graham Watchmaker1726
MM/4/70Letter from Colin MacLaurin, Edinburgh, to George Graham 15 February 1731/2
RBO/11/66Observations of the solar eclipse by George Graham in Fleet Street, London1722
RBO/18/8Eclipse of the Moon observed in Fleet Street London on the night of 20 November 1732 by George Graham1732
RBO/11/118'Transit of Mercury over the Disk of the Sun observ'd in Fleet Street, London on October 29, 1723' by George Graham1723
RBO/11/90'Account of Observations made of the Variation of the horizontal Needle at London in the Latter part of the year 1722 and beginning of 1723' by George Graham watchmaker1723
RBO/11/59'An account of Colonel Molesworth's Hourglass by Mr G Graham'1722
RBO/21/35'An Eclipse of the Sun observed August the 4th 1738 by Mr George Graham and Mr Short at Mr Graham's House in Fleet Street London...'1738
CLP/9ii/18Paper, 'An account of observations made of the variation of the horizontal needle at London, in the latter part of the year 1722 and beginning of 1723' by George Graham[1723]
RBO/20/5'Observations of the occultation of Mars by the Moon October 7 and of the Transit of Mercury over the Sun's Disk October 31 1736 made in Fleet Street, London with a Refracting Telescope of 12 feet by Mr George Graham'1736
CLP/9ii/33Paper, 'A journal of observations made on the variation of the magnetic needle in 1722 and 1723' by George Graham[1723]
RBO/11/43'Observation of an extraordinary highth [height] of the barometer December 21 1721 by Mr George Graham Watchmaker'1721
CLP/9ii/19Paper, 'Observations of the dipping made at London at the beginning of the year 1723' by George Graham[1723]
CLP/8ii/63Paper, observations of the solar eclipse on 18 February 1737 at Fleet Street, London by George Graham1737
CLP/8ii/49Paper, observations of the transit of Mercury over the Sun on 31 October 1736 made in Fleet Street, London by George Graham1736
CLP/8ii/18Paper, observations of the lunar eclipse by Mr Graham witnessed in Fleet Street, London on 28 July 17291729
LBO/24/32Copy letter from James Short, Edinburgh, to George Graham 6 December 1737
CLP/8ii/37Paper, eclipse of the moon observ'ed in Fleet Street, London, on 20 November 1732 by George Graham1732
CLP/3ii/20Paper, 'Contrivance to avoid irregularities in a clock's motion [the mercurial pendulum] occasioned by the action of heat and cold upon the pendulum' by George Graham1726
CLP/8ii/42Paper, observation of the solar eclipse on 2 May 1733 in Fleet Street, London by George Graham 1733
CLP/3ii/15Observations, 'Account of Coll [Colonel] Molesworth's hourglass' by [George] Graham[1722]
CLP/8ii/50Paper, observations of the lunar eclipse made in Fleet Street, London by George Graham and by James Short of Edinburgh on 8 September 17361736
CLP/3ii/36Paper, 'Account of some observations made in London by Mr George Graham and at Black River in Jamaica by Colin Campbell concerning the going of a clock in order to determine the difference between the lengths of isochronal pendulums in those places' 1733
CLP/8i/70Paper, observations of the solar eclipse witnessed in Fleet street, London, on 27 November 1722 by George Graham1722
CLP/8i/71Paper, observations of the transit of Mercury on 29 October 1723 by George Graham in Fleet street, London1723
CLP/8i/77Paper, account of the appearance of the transit of Mercury on 29 October 1723 by Edmond Halley1725
CLP/8ii/64Paper, observations of the lunar eclipse on 15 March 1736 at Fleet Street, London by George Graham1736
CLP/8ii/47Paper, 'Observations of the occultation of Mars by the moon October 7 and of the transit of Mercury over the sun's disk October 31 1736 made in Fleet street, London with a refracting telescope of 12 feet' by Mr George Graham1736
DM/5/102A list of benefactors to the Museum, to the value of £5 or upwards at one time c.1737
EL/M3/58Extracts from a letter of Monsieur le Monnier to George Grahamnd
CLP/9ii/28Paper, 'An account of some magnetical observations made in May, June and July 1732 in the Atlantick [Atlantic] or Western Ocean; as also the description of a water spout' by Joseph Harris[1732]
CLP/4i/63Paper, 'Observation of an extraordinary height of the barometer' by George Graham11 January 1721
IM/001729Graham, Georgend
CLP/9ii/28/1Manuscript, 'An account of some magnetical observations made in May, June and July 1732 in the Atlantick [Atlantic] or Western Ocean; as also the description of a water spout' by Joseph Harris[1732]
CLP/9ii/28/2Plate, ink drawing of water spout[1732]
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